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Articles by M. Fukagawa
Total Records ( 4 ) for M. Fukagawa
  H Komaba , S Nakanishi , A Fujimori , M Tanaka , J Shin , K Shibuya , M Nishioka , H Hasegawa , T Kurosawa and M. Fukagawa
 

Background and objectives: Cinacalcet is effective in reducing serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. However, it has not been proven whether parathyroid gland size predicts response to therapy and whether cinacalcet is capable of inducing a reduction in parathyroid volume.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: This 52-week, multicenter, open-label study enrolled hemodialysis patients with moderate to severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (intact PTH >300 pg/ml). Doses of cinacalcet were adjusted between 25 and 100 mg to achieve intact PTH <180 pg/ml. Ultrasonography was performed to measure the parathyroid gland size at baseline, week 26, and week 52. Findings were also compared with those of historical controls.

Results: Of the 81 subjects enrolled, 56 had parathyroid glands smaller than 500 mm3 (group S) and 25 had at least one enlarged gland larger than 500 mm3 (group L). Treatment with cinacalcet effectively decreased intact PTH by 55% from baseline in group S and by 58% in group L. A slightly greater proportion of patients in group S versus group L achieved an intact PTH <180 pg/ml (46 versus 32%) and a >30% reduction from baseline (88 versus 78%), but this was not statistically significant. Cinacalcet therapy also resulted in a significant reduction in parathyroid gland volume regardless of pretreatment size, which was in sharp contrast to historical controls (n = 87) where parathyroid gland volume progressively increased with traditional therapy alone.

Conclusions: Cinacalcet effectively decreases serum PTH levels and concomitantly reduces parathyroid gland volume, even in patients with marked parathyroid hyperplasia.

  S Goto , H Fujii , Y Matsui and M. Fukagawa
 

A 59-year-old female who was on dialysis due to diabetic nephropathy was referred to our hospital for severe hyperparathyroidism refractory to intravenous vitamin D receptor activator treatment. With subsequent cinacalcet hydrochloride treatment, parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were only slightly suppressed. However, progressive increases were observed in serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) levels with mild hypocalcaemia. A bone biopsy, obtained immediately before surgical parathyroidectomy after 3 months of cinacalcet treatment, revealed no disappearance of osteoclasts. These data suggest that cinacalcet hydrochloride treatment may induce a marked promotion of bone formation by mechanisms distinct from hungry bone syndrome that usually develops after parathyroidectomy.

  S Goto , M Yamadori , N Igaki , J. I Kim and M. Fukagawa
 

Ascites, oliguria and increasing serum creatinine levels are often noted in patients with acute kidney injury. However, these presentations are also observed in patients with intraperitoneal urinary leakage. Bladder perforation without obvious trauma is sometimes mistaken for acute kidney injury. We report two cases of bladder perforation resembling acute kidney injury. The first case was a 37-year-old woman with delayed intraperitoneal urinary leakage following total abdominal hysterectomy, and the second was a 70-year-old woman with spontaneous bladder perforation. Although the initial diagnosis in both cases was acute kidney injury, rupture of the urinary bladder was later identified.

  H Fujii , F Nishijima , S Goto , M Sugano , H Yamato , R Kitazawa , S Kitazawa and M. Fukagawa
 

Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Increased oxidative stress plays a role in the pathogenesis of CVD in CKD patients. The oral charcoal adsorbent AST-120 attenuates the progression of CKD possibly by removing uraemic toxins such as indoxyl sulfate (IS), and reduces oxidative stress. We investigated the relationship between oxidative stress and cardiac damage in CKD and its prevention by AST-120.

Methods. Male Lewis rats were administered adriamycin at 8 weeks of age, and the right kidney was removed at 12 weeks of age. From 14 weeks of age, the rats were treated daily with AST-120 (n = 8) or were untreated (control group, n = 8). At 34 weeks of age, the rats were killed and urinary and blood biochemical tests as well as cardiac histological analyses were performed.

Results. At 14 weeks of age, there were no significant differences in blood pressure, renal function (creatinine clearance: 1.54 ± 0.28 mL/min versus 1.60 ± 0.22 mL/min), oxidative stress markers or other biochemical data between the control and AST-120 groups. At 34 weeks, despite similar blood pressure and renal function (creatinine clearance: 0.78 ± 0.46 mL/min versus 0.75 ± 0.54 mL/min), serum concentrations of IS and urinary excretion of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), acrolein and IS were significantly lower in the AST-120 group than in the control group. Heart volume, left ventricular volume and cardiac fibrosis were significantly smaller in the experimental AST-120 group than in the control group. Immunohistological analysis revealed that the numbers of 8-OHdG- and acrolein-positive cardiomyocytes and the degrees of myocardial and perivascular fibrosis were ameliorated by AST-120 administration. The myocardial fibrosis score was significantly associated with the 8-OHdG- (r = 0.848, P < 0.001) and acrolein-positive (r = 0.812, P < 0.001) cell scores. The perivascular fibrosis score was also significantly associated with the 8-OHdG- (r = 0.906, P < 0.0001) and acrolein-positive (r = 0.789, P < 0.001) cell scores.

Conclusions. Oxidative stress is suggested to play a key role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in CKD. AST-120 may suppress oxidative stress and reduce cardiac damage in CKD.

 
 
 
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