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Articles by M. Eslami
Total Records ( 14 ) for M. Eslami
  O. Ahmadauli , M. Eslami and J. Fayazi
  The aim of this study was to investigate the effects the addition of multi enzyme preparation and the replacement value of canola meal (CM) for soybean meal (SBM) on performance broiler chickens. A total of 384 (Ros-308) day-old broiler chicks were allotted randomly to 8 dietary treatments each in 4 replicates of 12 birds per pen. The 2 enzyme levels (0 and 500 gr/ton) and the 4 CM levels (0, 20, 30 and 40) were used in 2 x 4 factorial arrangements in isoenergetic and isonitrogenous diets. The experiment lasted for 42 d and a single mash diet was used throughout the experiment. The body weight (BW) gain and feed consumption were significantly (P < 0.01) reduced when levels of CM from 20 to 40% and feed-gain ratio was depressed (P < 0.01). A depression in breast weight was observed in birds that were fed the added from CM. Adding levels of CM from 20 to 30% significantly (P < 0.01) decreased leg weight. Gizzard weight as percentage on carcass weight increased linearly (P < 0.05) with the addition levels of CM from 30 to 40%. The addition of enzyme numerically improved BW gain at 1-21 and 1-42 days and also improved carcass weight and breast weight, but effects were not significant (P > 0.05). The interaction between CM and enzyme for total performance parameter at this experiment were not significant. These results showed that CM can be used in place of 20% of the SBM.
  M. Eslami , M. Baghaei , M. Mamouei , M. Chaji and A. Ashayerizadeh
  This experiment was conducted for comparison the effect of some feed growth promoter additives on serum lipid concentrations of 21 days old broiler chickens. Based a randomized completely design, 300 days old Ross 308 broilers were distributed into 20 floor pens and reared for 21 days. A basal diet was formulated according to NRC recommendations for starter (1-21 days) period. The basal diet was also supplemented with antibiotic (Avilamycin), a commercial composition (FormycinGold), herbal additive (FYTO-MIX) and mixture of FormycinGold plus FYTO-MIX, resulting 5 dietary treatments were prepared including control group. Each dietary treatment was fed ad-libitum to 4 replicates group of 15 birds at the beginning of rearing period. Serum cholesterol and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) levels of broiler were fed FYTO-MIX and FormycinGold plus FYTO-MIX was significantly lower than control group (p<0.05). The higher High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) concentration was recorded for birds fed diet supplemented with FormycinGold, FYTO-MIX and FormycinGold plus FYTO-MIX. None of the treatments had significant effect on triglycerides and Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) levels.
  A. Azarnik , M. Bojarpour , M. Eslami , M.R. Ghorbani and K. Mirzadeh
  The effect of different levels of diet protein and feed restriction was studied in broiler chicken. A total of 240 (Ros-308) day-old broiler chickens were randomly assigned to nine treatments each in 3 replicates of 10 birds per pen. The 2 protein level, 4 feed restriction level were used in 2x4 factorial arrangements in isoenergitic diets. The experiments lasted for 6 weeks. The feed consumption, body weight gain and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) were measured weekly. At the end experiment tow chickens from per pen were randomly selected, weighted, slaughtered and used to determine body parameters and data analysed. Feed restriction reduced significantly (p<0.05) body weight gain and feed consumption. Feed restriction had no significant effect on FCR. Diet protein level had no significant effect on performace. Feed restriction reduced carcass weight, breast weight and tigh weight.
  L. Ghaemnia , M. Bojarpour , Kh. Mirzadeh , M. Chaji and M. Eslami
  In this study effect of different levels of zeolite on digestibility and some blood parameters in Arabic lambs investigated. In this experiment a change-over design with eigth Arabic lambs with an average live weight of 35±2 selected. Foure rations and foure period was employed. The 4 treatments were: control groups, C+ 3%, C+ 6% and C+ 9% zeolite. The rations were fed to lambs as total mixed feed offered and orts and fecal samples were recorded daily. Blood samples were collected on the end of each period. Plasma glucose concentration was not significantly affected by treatment but tended to be lower with added zeolite. Conversely, the dietary inclusion of resulted in a lower plasma urea-N concentration (p<0.05). Intake of DM was higher for lambs receiving zeolites (p>0.05). Digestibility of DM was lowered with added zeolite (p<0.05). Digestibility of CP and NDF were increased by inclusion of 6% zeolite. This difference was significant (p<0.05) but digestibility of ADF was not significantly affected (p>0.05).
  A. Masoudi , M. Bojarpour , M. Chaji , M. Eslami and Kh. Mirzadeh
  Study was conducted to evaluate the economic value of broiler chicken diets containing Date Pits (DP) replaced by maize. About 180 days old commercial broiler chickens randomly were assigned to four experimental diets; treatments 1-4 included dietary containing 0, 10, 20 and 30% of date pits, respectively. All diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric and formulated according to Nutrient Requirements of poultry (NRC). The results showed that in compared with control group cost (kg) of feed decreased with increasing of date pits in diets. At whole of starter and grower periods, there were no significant differences (p>0.05) in feed intake. Feed conversion ratio of diets containing 20 and 30% of date pits was significantly more than control diet (respectively, 2.44 and 2.53 vs. 1.91) (p<0.05) but there was no significant difference with diet containing 10% date pits (p>0.05). As cost (kg) of meat production there was no significant difference (p>0.05) between diets, although the cost of meat production was higher in diets containing of date pits (p>0.05). Therefore, date pits reduce the cost of diets but not meat.
  H. Damiri , M. Chaji , M. Bojarpour , M. Eslami and M. Mamoei
  This study was conducted to evaluate economic value of Sodium Bentonite (SB) originated from mines of Khorasan Province of Iran in broiler chickens diets. About 288 days old Ross strain broiler chickens were allocated to 6 experimental diets with 4 replications in a completely randomized design. Treatments were 0, 0.75, 1.5, 2.25, 3, 3.75% of sodium bentonite that used as top-dress. A basal diet was formulated according to NRC recommendations for starter (0-21 days) and grower (22-42 days) periods. The results showed that sodium bentonite had no significant effects on feed intake, feed conversion ratio, cost of 1 kg feed and cost of 1 kg meat production (p>0.05).
  M. Borazjanizadeh , M. Eslami , M. Bojarpour , M. Chaji and J. Fayazi
  This study was conducted to evaluate economic value of clove and oregano cultivated in Iran on economic value of broiler chickens diets. About 271 day old Ross strain broiler chickens were allocated to 9 experimental diets with 3 replications in a 3x3 factorial experiment. Treatments were 0, 0.5 and 1% of clove and oregano (AH) that used as top-dress. A basal diet was formulated according to NRC recommendation for grower (14-21 days) and finisher (21-42) periods. The results showed that clove and oregano had significant effects on feed intake, feed conversion ratio and the cost of 1 kg feed and cost of 1 kg meat production (p<0.05).
  M. Baghaei , M. Eslami , M. Chaji , M. Mamoue and M. Bojarpour
  This experiment was conducted to evaluation the effect of dietary Betafin (Betaine anhydrous 97%) supplementation as a replacement for DL-Methionine on blood parameters of 42 days old broiler chickens. Total 300 days old Ross 308 broilers were used in a completely randomized design with 4 treatment and 5 replicates in each treatment and 15 birds/replicates and reared on the floor pens for 42 days. A basal diet was formulated as control according to NRC recommendations for starter (1-21 days) and grower (22-42 days) periods. In experimental diets, DL-Methionine levels were formulated either according to NRC (control (T1)) or at 90 (T2), 80 (T3) and 70% (T4) of the control. The incompletes levels of the Methionine in T2-T4 supplemented by adding Betafin to the diets. The results indicated that by replacement of Betafin instead of DL-Methionine in diets of broiler blood parameters was not altered significantly. Although, in birds fed T4, the concentration of the all measured blood parameters except HDL was the maximum or minimum when compared to other groups.
  R. Ebrahimi , M. Eslami , J. Fayazi and M.F. Jahromi
  This experiment was done to evaluate the potential use of steam treated bagasse pith (SPB) in feeding of Lori Ewes. Forty eight ewes with similar condition from many flocks of autumn of Lori sheep were included in this experiment. The ewes divide into 4 groups of 12 sheep. The ewes allocated into 4 different levels of SPB (0, 5, 10 and 15%) for pre and post lambing in a completely randomized design. The diets were formulated according to NRC (1994) and had similar quality for protein, energy and high concentration of other nutrient. Concentrates were included amounts of 0, 10, 20 and 30 percent of SPB witch replaced with wheat bran and barely. Ewes live weight were measured before and at lambing and 2 weeks interval after that until weaning lamb. Milk sampling for determination of fat, Protein, carbohydrate and Solid Not Fat (SNF). Blood collected via jugular vein to indicate baseline (blood urea nitrogen, triglyceride, cholesterol and glucose). Statistical analysis with SAS program (1994) was indicated that, there were not significant differences between diets for milk composition percentage (fat, Protein, carbohydrate and solid not fat) (p<0.05). The effect of different levels of SPB on body change weight ewes and Average Daily Gain (ADG) lambs not significantly (p<0.05) different. Also there were not significant differences between diets for plasma cholesterol, BUN, triglyceride and glucose (p<0.05). In conclusion result of that could be SPB substituted instead of 30% concentrates (15% of whole diet) with no negative effects on physiological and productivity in pre and post lambing.
  M. Baghaei , A. Ashayerizadeh , M. Eslami , M. Bojarpour , H. Roshanfekr and K.H. Mirzadeh
  An in vivo experiment was conducted to determine the effect of dietary betaine supplementation as a replacement for methionine on broiler performance and carcass characteristics. Three hundred day old Ross 308 broilers were used in a randomized completely design with 4 treatment and 5 replicates in each treatment and 15 birds/replicates and reared on the floor pens for 42 days. A basal diet was formulated as control according to NRC, recommendations for starter (1-21 days) and grower (22-42 days) periods. In experimental diets, methionine levels were as formulated (control (T1)) and at 90 (T2), 80 (T3) and 70% (T4) of the control. The incompleted levels of the methionine in T2, T3 and T4 supplemented by adding Betafin to the diets. The result of present study indicated that feed intake was no affected by treatments (p>0.05). The birds under T2 and T4 had lower body weight gain during 1-42 days as compared with control group. Also, the using of T4 in both of 22-42 and 1-42 days and T2 in 1-42 days significantly resulted to undesirable feed conversion ratio (p<0.05). Supplementation levels of betafin in diets no significantly (p<0.05) affected the amount of carcass and its cuts (p>0.05), except the percent of thigh was significantly higher than control group (p<0.05).
  A. Heydari , M. Eslami , H. Roshanfekr , M. Bojarpur and M.R. Ghorbani
  An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of Calcium Soap Unsaturated Fatty Acids (CSUFA), with supplemental α-tocopheryl acetate (α-Toc) on laying hen’s performance and egg yolk cholesterol. Ninty six Leghorn hens (Hy-Line), from 38-46 weeks of age were used in a 2x3 factorial arrangement with tow levels of vitamin E (0 or 1000 mg kg-1 of diets) and three levels of CSUFA (0, 2 and 4% of diets) in a completely randomized design with six treatments and four replicates and four hens per replicate. Feed Intake (FI), Egg Production (EP), Egg Weight (EW), Yolk Weight (YW), Shell Thickness (ST), Haugh Unit (HU), Yolk Cholesterol (YC) and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) were measured. The result of this experiment indicated that EW, YW, FI, FCR were significantly (p<0.05) affected by fat levels. FI and FCR were decreased with fat levels from 0-4%. Different levels of dietary vitamin E had no significant effect on FI, EP, FCR, EW, YW, ST, HU and YC (p>0.05).
  H.A. Tavasoli , M. Eslami , M. Mamouei , M. Chaji and M. Bojarpour
  This experiment was conducted to evaluation the effect of different levels of brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum) or Tasco on carcass characteristics of Arabic lambs in Khuzestan, Iran. This research was conducted as completely randomized design with 3 treatments, 3 replicates and 3 lambs in each replicates. The dietary treatments were formulated according to NRC and containing: control 0, 1 and 2% Tasco. The basic diet includes 16.5% crud protein and 76.6% TDN and Tasco was added top-dress to basic diet. The period of experiment was 10 weeks; Twenty-seven male Arabic lambs (3 months old and 16.09±0.33 kg body weight) were assigned ad libitum to experimental diets. Supplementation of diets with Tasco resulted in decrease of tail-fat percentage (23%) and increased percentage of thigh (12.3%) than control (p<0.05) but adding Tasco had no significant effect on other parameters of carcass characteristics (p>0.05). Also, lambs fed diet contain 2% Tasco in comparison to control, had higher Hot Carcass Weight (HCW) (18.62 vs. 18.47 kg, respectively), Cold Carcass Weight (CCW) (18.20 vs. 17.83 kg, respectively) and Eye Muscle Area (EMA) (19.37 vs. 16.83 cm2, respectively). Meanwhile, supplementation of Tasco in diets decreased abdominal fat weight than those fed no seaweed (0.420, 0.300 and 0.250, respectively).
  A. Heydari , M. Eslami , H. Roshanfekr , M. Bojarpur and M.R. Ghorbani
  An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of Calcium Soap Unsaturated Fatty Acids (CSUFA), with supplemental α-Tocopheryl acetate (α-Toc) on laying hen’s performance and egg yolk cholesterol. About 96 Leghorn hens (Hy-Line), from 38-46 weeks of age were used in a 2x3 factorial arrangement with tow levels of vitamin E (0 or 1000 mg kg-1 of diets) and three levels of CSUFA (0, 2 and 4% of diets) in a completely randomized design with six treatments and four replicates and four hens per replicate. Feed Intake (FI), Egg Production (EP), Egg Weight (EW), Yolk Weight (YW), Shell Thickness (ST), Haugh Unit (HU), Yolk Cholesterol (YC) and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) were measured. The result of this experiment indicated that EW, YW, FI, FCR were significantly (p<0.05) affected by fat levels. FI and FCR were decreased with fat levels from 0-4%. Different levels of dietary vitamin E had no significant effect on FI, EP, FCR, EW, YW, ST, HU and YC (p>0.05).
  T. Mohammadabadi , M. Chaji , M. Eslami and M. Bojarpour
  This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of oak leave tannin (OT, 25 and 45 g kg-1 DM) on in vitro gas production and fermentative parameters of Soybean Meal (SB). Treatments were SB treated with 25 and 45 g kg-1 oak leave tannin (OT1 and OT2, respectively). The results of experiment showed that oak leave caused to reduce the fermentable fraction (b) and gas production rate Constant (c) of SB (p<0.05) and the lowest (b) and (c) was for SB treated by 45 g kg-1 oak leave tannin (104.5 mL, 0.04 mL h-1, respectively). Soybean meal treated with OT2 had the lowest the Organic Matter Digestibility (OMD) and Metabolizable Energy (ME) (153.3 g kg-1 OM, 13.6 MJ kg-1 DM, respectively). Concentration of ammonia-N (NH3-N) and Short Chain Fatty Acid (SCFA) decreased (p<0.05), when SB treated with OT and the highest NH3-N and SCFA concentrations was for untreated soybean meal (36.6 mg dL-1 and 0.88 μmol). Therefore, it may be that in vitro rumen fermentation and nutritive value of soybean meal are influenced by tannin content of oak leave.
 
 
 
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