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Articles by M. Zermeno
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. Zermeno
  M. Becerril-Herrera , M. Zermeno , D. Mota-Rojas , G.H. Gonzalez , C. Casas-Garcia , J. Toca-Ramirez , R. Ramirez-Necoechea , J.A. Toca-Ramirez , C. Lemus-Flores and M. Alonso-Spilsbury
  Ten equine carcasses from creole horses were used, distributed by sex: 5 females and 5 males. Animals were identified with a mark in their posterior limbs using indelible ink in order to follow the carcass up to the butchery. Each cut was weighed in order to characterize the shrinkage percentage and carcass yield. Samples of the Longissimus dorsi muscle at the level of the tenth rib were taken at the butchery in order to carry out a proximal chemical analysis. The average percentage of protein was 18.6, which turned out to be 7.5% lower than the one reported by others authors. In adult animals gaskins, shoulder blades, ribs and flanks (spare meat for fillets) corresponded to 30.0, 21.3, 31.2 and 16.5%, respectively, of the total carcass. In young animals gaskins represented 29.5%, shoulder blades 19.6%, ribs 31.3% and flanks, 12.5% of the total carcass. We conclude that horse meat can be an excellent alternative for consumption for its high content in proteins and low levels of fat. It is also worth mentioning the higher losses for shrinkage due to the high content of humidity as well as the characterization of the yield at cutting.
  Gonzalez H.G. , D. Mota-Rojas , M. Becerril-Herrera , C.Casas-Garcia , M. Zermeno , R. Ramírez-Necoechea , J.A.Toca-Ramirez , C. Lemus , J. Toca-Ramirez and M. Alonso-Spilsbury
  In Mexico, equine use for meat production is not commonly found; the highest percentage of equine meat that can be possibly consumed comes mostly from culled animals. The objective of the present study was to characterize the slaughter performance and test the effect of gender in the incidence of injuries during transportation, in offals and hot carcass yields in twelve creole horses. Results indicate an average live weight of 296 Kg and carcass weight of 175 Kg, equivalent to 60% yield. It is possible that the husbandry method commonly used on pasturing the animals, decreased the thoracic development and increased the corporal length and diameter of the leg. With regard to slaughtering yield, red viscera represented 4.3%, green viscera 30%, skin 6%, limbs 2.8%, head 4.4% and loss at slaughter 1.5% of the total live weight. Average body condition in the horses was poor. No significant differences were observed between genders in the presence of injuries, although there was an influence of the arrival position on the severity of injuries; animals that were facing the direction of travel (rear-facing) showed injury 2 affecting subcutaneous and muscular tissues, whereas animals facing backward did not show injuries or these were not too severe.
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