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Articles by M. Salim
Total Records ( 8 ) for M. Salim
  Banaras H. Niazi , Izhar-ul-Haq , M. Salim and Manzoor Ahmad
  Field experiments were conducted on maize and wheat under normal soil conditions at Qalla, Charsadda and Tarnab, Peshawar irrigated with canal water to evaluate the effect of gypsum application on the efficiency of NPK fertilizers. Gypsum was applied @ 0, 500 and 1000 kg ha-1 with two levels of fertilizers i.e. recommended dose of NPK (120,90, 60 kg ha-1) and half dose (60, 45 and 30 kg ha-1) respectively. Maximum grain (3605 kg ha-1) and stalk (9922 kg ha-1) yield of maize was recorded at Qalla by the application of recommended dose of NPK with 1000 kg gypsum ha-1. The NPK with 500 kg gypsum ha-1 ranked second in this respect. Half dose of the NPK without any gypsum gave minimum grain (2248 kg ha-1) and stalk (3435 kg ha-1) yield. The yields were non- significantly different at Tarnab under the same treatment compared with that of Qalla. During the second year, the soil conditions improved and yield of grain (2883 kg ha-1) as well as stalk (15833 kg ha-1) was better at both sites. Wheat yield was non-significantly different at Tarnab. Uptake of different ions was variable. Uptake of P, K, Zn and Cu decreased while that of Mn and Fe increased during the second year. Maximum yield of maize grain (2883 kg ha-1) and stalk (15833 kg ha-1) with half dose and wheat grain (3605 kg ha-1) and stalk (12910 kg ha-1) was obtained by application of 1000 kg ha-1 gypsum with full dose of NPK.
  Banaras , H. Niazi , Jelte Rozema , Badr-uz-Zaman and M. Salim
  A pot experiment was conducted on saline sodic soil (pH = 9.49, EC = 7.92 dSm-1, SAR = 73.26, ESP = 51.64) to determine the effect of farm yard manure (FYM) amendment on the growth of fodderbeet using two types of seeds i.e. coated and non-coated. Shoot growth was enhanced by the addition of FYM in either non saline or saline sodic soil. Non-coated seeds produced taller plants than coated ones. Root growth was slower than shoot. Number of leaves/plant significantly (P < 0.05) increased by the addition of FYM to the soil. Plant fresh and dry weight is increased in the presence of FYM in the soil. Protein and chlorophyll “b” content increased in plants produced from the coated seeds in the presence of FYM treatment.
  S.N. Mozumder , M. Salim , N. Islam , M.I. Nazrul and M.M. Zaman
  Experiment was conducted to study the effect of Bradyrhizobium inoculation at different nitrogen levels viz. 0, 20, 40, 60 and 80 kg N ha-1 on Binamoog-2. Bradyrhizobium inoculation increased dry matter production, nodulation, pod production, seed yield, harvest index and benefit cost ratio. Nitrogen negatively affected on nodulation and harvest index. Increase of nitrogen fertilizer increased seed yield up to 40 kg N ha-1 and straw yield up to 60 kg N ha-1. Highest seed yield (1607 kg ha-1) and benefit cost ratio (2.35) obtained when 40 kg N ha-1 was applied with Bradyrhizobium inoculation.
  M.K. Begum , K.M. Hasan , M. Salim , M.A. Hossain and M.K. Rahman
  Yield and yield contributing attributes of BR11 rice were influenced by different doses of the herbicides used. The highest grain yield (5.14 t ha-1), thousand grain weight, straw yield were obtained by the treatment Golteer 5G at 24.70 kg ha-1. The tallest plant and second highest grains/panicle were produced in Settoff 20WG at 50 g ha-1. Number of grains/panicle was found to be maximum in plots treated with Ronstar 25EC at 1.0 l ha-1. The smallest plant, lowest number of effective tillers plant-1, non effective tillers plant-1, grains panicle-1, thousand grains weight, grain yield and straw yield were found in control. Golteer 5G at 12.35 kg ha-1 produced the highest number of non effective tillers plant-1. The results also demonstrated significant difference among the treatments.
  Rahmatullah , G. Nabi , M. Salim and M.S. Zia
  Field experiments on two Alfisols at different locations were conducted to study the response of Westar and CON-I varieties of Brassica napus to S application (0 and 37 kg ha-1) as ammonium sulphate, gypsum and single superphosphate. Various S fertilizers, Brassica varieties and location of the experiment had a significant (p<0.05) main and interactive effect on the grain and oil yield of Brassica. Different S-amendments in increasing grain yield of Brassica followed the order: ammonium sulphate > gypsum > single superphosphate. Westar was a better grain-yielding and a more S-responsive variety of Brassica than CON-I. Both grain and oil yield of Brassica were higher on a site (Fateh Jang) containing low CaCO3 and high plant-available P. Sulphur concentration in seed was found in strong antagonism with seed P (r= -0.79, n= 16).
  Banaras H. Niazi , Jelte Rozema and M. Salim
  Greenhouse studies on fodderbeet cultivars Beta vulgaris (cvs. Majoral, Monored, and Polygroeningia) and of Beta maritima (Seabeet) showed significant differences for Relative Growth Rate (RGR) among themselves while no significant differences were observed for salinity treatments until the first harvest. Plants had adapted themselves to salinity after six weeks of treatment and showed significant differences in RGR and Net Assimilation Rate (NAR) during the whole period of growth. Leaf thickness did not change significantly with salinity. B. vulgaris cv. Majoral and B. maritima were found to be better adapted 150 mM NaCl concentration in soil solution than cv. Monored and Polygroeningia under greenhouse conditions.
  G. Nabi , M. Salim and Rahmatullah
  A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the response of groundnut (cv. Bard 699) to N, P and S application on a Typic Torrior Then soil. Application of N and P significantly (p < 0.05) improved kernal and dry matter yield of groundnut. Addition of S either from potassium sulphate (SOP) or single superphosphate (SSP) further increased groundnut yield. However, S addition from SOP yielded 15 Per cent higher than SSP. Superiority of SOP over SSP was attributed to its quicker release rate of nutrients and hence better utilization by the plants. Nevertheless, combined application of N, P and S increased groundnut yield by 57 to 63 Per cent over control. It is concluded that combined application of S with N and P is beneficial for rainfed groundnut.
  B. H. Niazi , J. Rozema , R. Amin , M. Salim and A. Rashid
  During germination, cultivar Monoval tolerated the salinity as well as higher temperature better as compared to Majoral, Monored and Polygroeningia cultivars of fodderbeet (Beta vulgaris). Whereas, cultivar Majoral had the lowest salinity and temperature tolerance during germination. The number of leaves, leaf length and root girth was not affected in cvs. Monoval and Monored under same soil conditions. Fresh weight of leaves and beet in cv. Majoral increased significantly over control. Chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b in cv. Majoral increased significantly. Total protein of leaf and sugar content of beet were comparatively higher under saline conditions as compared to the non-saline soil.
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