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Articles by M. Saleem
Total Records ( 6 ) for M. Saleem
  A. A. Kakar , M. Saleem , Rahim Shah and S. A. Qaim Shah
  An Experiment to assess the effect of different rates of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK) on morphological traits of local pea variety was conducted at Vegetable Seed Farm ARI, Sariab, Quetta during the year 2000-2001. The fertilizer treatments comprised control, 25-0-0, 25-60-0, 25-0-60, 25-60-60, 50-0-0, 50-90-0, 50-0-90, 50-90-90, 75-0-0, 75-120-0, 75-0-120, and 75-120-120, Kg NPK/ 4m2 in a Randomized Complete Block Design. The maximum plant height (46.30 cm), number of branches per plant (5.60), number of pods per plant (33.10), pod length (8.49 cm), seed per pod (6.00), pod yield per plant (188.43 gms), total marketable green pod yield per plot (6.02 kg) and per hectare yield (5.01 m.t), were recorded in treatment 75-120-120 or 75-120-0, Kg NPK ha -1, which displayed maximum green pod yield due to increase in pod per plant and pod length. It was further noted that an additional K did not increase the yield. Mean square attributable to treatment differed highly significant for all the quantitative traits showing the importance of fertilizer treatment in influencing morphological characteristics of pea plant.
  Nisar Ali Shah , Aziz Ahmad , M. Saleem and Syed Mohammad Khair
  According to the survey results, on average the farmers received Rs. 11.67 and 12.17 with the standard deviation of 7.64 and 6.34 per kg of fresh wild olive fruits and Rs. 15.00 and 13.60 were charged per kg with the standard deviation of 8.66 and 6.88 for dry olive fruit in Loralai and Zhob districts. The overall land holding of the sample farmers varies between 46 to 76 acres and average land holding per farmer was found 60.61 with standard deviation of 133.64 (Minimum 3 acres with the Maximum as 600 acres) acres. Out of the total holding, 8.07, 8.86 and 33.87 with the standard deviations of 8.86,133.49 and 19.38 acres were found for irrigated, Sailaba and Kushkaba, respectively. Rainfed cultivation was observed on a large scale of about 54.31 acres per farmers. Overall the olive forests of the sample location varied from 119.00 to 208.00 km2. The combined areas of olive forest was found highest ( 208 km2) in Loralai followed by Zhob (187 km2) and Khuzdar (119 km2). Some of the farmers (20%) were of the opinion that leaves of wild olive trees were used as green tea. During the survey, they (56.67%) mentioned that wood is used as construction material for making doors and roofs. The use in firewood is found common among the villagers of the areas. Half of the farmers (50%) indicated that both, the fruits and leaves of the olive plant are used for animals feeding when the pasture have scared grasses specially in winter. 100% of the farmers were of the opinion that if high yielding varieties were introduced with better marketing, they will minimize other fruits orchards.
  A. A. Kakar , M. K. Abdullahzai , M. Saleem and S. A. Qaim Shah
  Field experiment were conducted to assess the effect of different nitrogen levels on the growth and yield of garlic on clay loam soil. Eight nitrogen levels viz. 0, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100 and 110kg nitrogen ha-1, respectively were tested. Results demonstrated that increasing nitrogen level up to 100kg ha-1 resulted in longer leaves (64.83), greater number of leaves per plant (17.90), maximum single bulb, weight (42.60g), and bulb yield per plant (7.08kg) and Bulb yield ha-1 (6746.03kg) . Further more, increase in nitrogen levels had no appreciable effect on the performance of garlic.
  M. Nawaz , Iftikhar Ahmad and M. Saleem
  Four techniques to remove the byssinogenic agent ‘endotoxin’ from the cotton varieties grown in difference area of the punjab were applied. Autoclave technique was the best treatment for optimum endotoxin eradication alongwith minimum fiber damage. Cotton grown in Sargodha zone recorded the lowest level of endotoxin.
  M. A. Naeem , R. H. Qureshi , M. Aslam , R. Ahmad , N. Ahmad , A. Hussain , M. Saleem and K. Hussain
  In order to determine genetic diversity of NRI against NaCl salinity, a study in hydropnic system was carried out with 60 plants of NRI at 70 ml m-3 NaCl salinity. Plants were grown up to maturity and on the basis of growth and paddy yield, the plant population of NR-I was divided into five tolerance classes and corresponding values of K+, Na+, Cl-, K:Na and P:Zn ratio were averaged and relationships of these parameters with the salt-tolerance character was evaluated. The study revealed that salt tolerance of various population groups was correlated with the exclusion of Na+ and Cl-, better maintenance of K+, high K:Na and low P:Zn ratios in the leaves. The chemical composition of leaves depends upon the age of the leaf.
  M. S. Sadiq , G. Sarwar , M. Saleem , G. S. S. Khattak , M. Ashraf and G. Abbas
  Disease resistant mungbean variety NIAB MUNG 92 showed tremendous impact for increasing the area and production of the country demonstrating genetic manipulation of economic traits. Large seed size and earliness had been introgressed into otherwise adapted genetic background. A series of high yielding elite lines having improved morpho-physiological characteristics had been developed. Out of these, NM 92 has been approved as NIAB MUNG 92 in November,1996 by the Punjab Seed Council for general cultivation in the province. The present paper reports the developmental history of NM 92 and its adoption by the growers to achieve sustainable mungbean production.
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