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Articles by M. S. Kilberg
Total Records ( 1 ) for M. S. Kilberg
  J Shan , M. C Lopez , H. V Baker and M. S. Kilberg
 

Dietary protein malnutrition is manifested as amino acid deprivation of individual cells, which activates an amino acid response (AAR) that alters cellular functions, in part, by regulating transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms. The AAR was activated in HepG2 human hepatoma cells, and the changes in mRNA content were analyzed by microarray expression profiling. The results documented that 1,507 genes were differentially regulated by P < 0.001 and by more than twofold in response to the AAR, 250 downregulated and 1,257 upregulated. The spectrum of altered genes reveals that amino acid deprivation has far-reaching implications for gene expression and cellular function. Among those cellular functions with the largest numbers of altered genes were cell growth and proliferation, cell cycle, gene expression, cell death, and development. Potential biological relationships between the differentially expressed genes were analyzed by computer software that generates gene networks. Proteins that were central to the most significant of these networks included c-myc, polycomb group proteins, transforming growth factor β1, nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2-related factor 2, FOS/JUN family members, and many members of the basic leucine zipper superfamily of transcription factors. Although most of these networks contained some genes that were known to be amino acid responsive, many new relationships were identified that underscored the broad impact that amino acid stress has on cellular function.

 
 
 
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