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Articles by M. S. Islam
Total Records ( 11 ) for M. S. Islam
  M. S. Islam , M. A. R. Howlider , F. Kabir and J. Alam
  A total of 3000 eggs; 750 eggs from each breed namely Barred Plymouth Rock (BPR),White Leghorn (WLH), Rhode Island Red (RIR) and White Rock (WR) were collected in 3 batches following AI from individually caged hens and were hatched to compare hatching parameters among breeds. The different hatchability traits of hen of different breeds; BPR, WLH, RIR and WR were compared. Hatching egg weight had no significant (P>0.05) difference among 4 genotypes. Fertility was highest in WLH, intermediate in WR and lowest and similar in BPR and RIR (P<0.01) with differences of fertility among 3 batches (P<0.01). Breed had little effect on hatchability of fertile eggs (P>0.05), but it differed among batches (P<0.01). Hatchability on total eggs was highest in WLH, intermediate in BPR and WR and lowest in RIR (P<0.05) and having also differences among batches (P<0.01). No significant (P>0.05) difference in dead in germs (DG) and dead in shell (DS) were found attributable to genotype, but DG and DS differed significantly(P<0.01) among 3 batches. Breed and batch had little effect on normal chicks and abnormal chicks hatched (P>0.05). Chick weight at hatching was highest (P<0.05) and similar in BPR (38.95 g) and WLH (38.96 g), intermediate in RIR (38.50 g) and lowest in WR (38.13 g). Batch had little effect on chick weight. Percent chick weight was found highest (P<0.01) in BPR (67.21%), intermediate in RIR (65.96%) and lowest and similar in WLH (65.17%) and WR (65.46%) without significant (P>0.05) difference in batches. There were some correlations among different hatchability traits depending on genotype within breed. The correlations were more profound among WLH. It was clear that chick weight as percent of egg weight was not just a function of egg weight, but also genotype played an important role favouring the heavier breeds.
  M. A. Rahman , F. Begum and M. S. Islam
  A total of 330 water samples obtained from different sources in three different seasons were examined for the evidence of bacterial pollution and physico-chemical properties of water. The densities of total coliforms ranged from 0-6 to $ 2400, fecal coliforms 0-2 to $ 2400 and total bacterial count (log10) 0.07-0.42 to 3.95-8.91 per 100 ml. of water samples of different seasons. The degree of pollution was the highest in pond for public use in all seasons and the lowest in deep tubewell in winter and aqua mineral. E.coli, Fe.Streptococci, Salmonella and Shigella were found highest 80, 58, 46 and 58% respectively in water of ponds for public use irrespective of season. No Salmonella and Shigella were detected in deep tubewell and aqua mineral. The physico-chemical parameters of water were determined.
  M. S. Islam , F. Begum and M. S. Alam
  Comparative efficacy of Aldazole, Fenvet and Ivomec Injection were investigated against natural infection with gastrointestinal nematodes of goats in Bangladesh. Ivomec injection showed maximum efficacy of 100% followed by Fenvet (95.35%) and Aldazole (90.11%) on the basis of reduction of faecal EPG recorded. The haematological studies at post treatment day A28@ shown that TEC (million/cu mm), Hb (gm%) and PCV (%) were significantly increased (P<0.01) than that of pretreatment day A0@ but ESR (mm 1hr-1) was decreased upto 100% in goats.
  F. Begum , M. S. Islam , M. A. Rahman and H. Rahman
  A total of 90 water samples obtained from various sources (tubewell, reservoir tank, tap supply, pond, river and aqua mineral) collected in three seasons were examined for their water quality based on total bacterial count and physico-chemical properties. The combined effect of physico-chemical properties of water on the growth and propagation of bacteria was highly significant (P<0.01) in pond and river water and very poor and insignificant (P<0.05) in tubewell, reservoir tank, tap and aqua mineral water. One hundred sixty four isolates of enteric bacteria including Escheria coIi, fecal Streptococci, Salmonella and Shigella were examined for their sensitivity to antibiotics. The study revealed that 7.0 to 32% of isolates were resistant to tetracycline followed by ampicillin and streptomycin. Resistance to Chloramphenicol was of moderate degree (3 to 14%) and that to Ampicillin, Kenamycin and Gentamycin was relatively low (0.82 to 7.02%). E. coli possessed the highest antibiotic resistance and was most widespread among the bacterial isolates obtained from pond water.
  M.A. Islam , M. A. Mazed , M. S. Islam and M.K. Uddin
  This experiment was conducted at Buffalo Breeding and Development Farm, `Bagerhat` a southern district of Bangladesh to investigate the milk (lactation) yield, lactation length and calf mortality rate of Nili-Ravi and crossbred buffaloes. From this study it was revealed that the average milk yield per lactation of Nili-Ravi and crossbred buffalo cows were 1161.805?684.07 and 696.636?258.68 liters respectively, while their average milk production per day were 3.5 and 2.24 liters. On the other hand average lactation length for same genotypes were 330.426?70.08 and 311.556?74.14 days respectively. The overall calf mortality rate was 24.28% and the average calf mortality rate for Nili-Ravi and crossbred buffalo were 37.1 and 14.1 percent respectively. Statistical analysis showed that there were significant variation (p<0.01) existed between Nili-Ravi and crossbred buffalo calves in respect of calf mortality. From the study it may be concluded that Nili-Ravi buffaloes are better than crossbred buffaloes considering specially on milk production mentioned in the Buffalo Breeding and Development Farm, Bagerhat, Bangladesh.
  Amina Khatun , M. H. Rashid , M. I. U. Mollah , A. H. Khan , M. S. Islam and N. E. Elahi
  An experiment on intercropping of potato, bushbean and edible poded pea with wheat at different row ratios was conducted in the irrigated upland ecosystem to study the agronomic and economic productivity and advantages of intercropping as compared to sole cropping. Intercropping of potato with wheat at 2:5 row ratio gave significantly higher wheat equivalent yield (WEY), higher land equivalent ratio (LER), higher gross return and benefit cost ratio followed by the same intercropping at 3:8 row ratio. On the other hand, competitive ratio was lower when potato was intercropped with wheat at the 3:8 row ratio followed by the same intercropping at 2:5 ratio. On an average intercropping of potato with wheat at 2:5 row ratio indicated the advantage of intercropping than those of other tested crops at different row ratios and sole cropping.
  M. A. Baset , M. M. Rahman , M. S. Islam , G. B. Das and A. Ara
  Cattle fattening for beef production have become an important business of the small former in Bangladesh. In few areas of Bangladesh a small scale commercial beef fattening program has already been started. Straw is the important crop residue; contribute the major portion of the fibrous part of the diet of the beef cattle. Rice straw is the basal feed for ruminants with low nutritive value and low digestibility. Farmers use rice straw of traditional verities, green grass, sugarcane tops, wheat and rice bran, molasses, pulses bran and locally available resources such as pumpkin, carrot, bananas, vegetables by products, rice gruel, boiled rice bran, oil cakes etc., for beef fattening. The chemical treatment of straw is the most effective and economic method to improving the quality. Straw is mainly treated with urea and molasses and in some cases chemical treatment also done by the former. Urea molasses straw treatment in beef cattle resulted higher body weight, dressing percentage and also in better carcass quality than untreated straw. The acute shortage of feeds and fodder has long been identified as a serious constraint to optimum livestock production in Bangladesh. The nutritional factor is considered a major constraint to livestock productivity. Traditional grazing field is a scarce except in some pockets in Pabna and Sylph districts. Farmers used three years old cattle for beef fattening and maximum growth rate between 1.1 year to 1.4 years of age. Cattle fattening period is 4.5 months in rural areas of Bangladesh.
  Md. Ziaul Ahsan Chowdhury , M. N. Uddin , M. N. Islam and M. S. Islam
  The study was undertaken to determine the economic performance of tossa (Corchorus olitorius ) jute at growers level. The results revealed that per hectare average cost of production of Tossa Jute were Tk.16538.91 and Tk.8106.09 on variable cost and cash cost basis, respectively while per hectare gross return was estimated to Tk.28375.85. The average yield of Tossa jute was 1720.16 kg ha -1. The yield was higher in Faridpur (1826.40 kg ha -1) compared to Rangpur (1669.07 kg ha -1 ) and Dhaka (1665 kg ha -1 ). The gross margins were Tk.11836.94 ha -1 and Tk.20269.75 ha -1 on total variable cost and cash cost basis respectively. The average benefit-cost ratios were 1.72 and 3.50 respectively on total variable cost and cash cost basis. Lower price of fibre, non-availability of HYV seeds at proper time, shortage of buyers, high input cost, absence of fair price in terms of fibre quality etc. were addressed as problems by the farmers.
  M. A. Uddin , M. S. Islam , M. A. Rahman , M. M. Begum and A. T. M. Hasanuzzaman
  The experiments were conducted on 12 mango graft varieties/cultivars viz. BARI mango-1, BARI mango-2, BARI mango-3 (Amrapali), Fazli, Gopalbhog, Khirsapat, Kazla sinduri, Kazla-01(Subarna), Langra, Mallika, Rad and seedling (stock plant) on the incidence of mango leaf cutting weevil (Deporaus marginatus P.), its extent of damage to mango leaves and the effectiveness of non-chemical and chemical (insecticide) for control. The highest infestation of 52.55% leaves recorded in BARI mango-3 (Amrapali) followed by Rad, Mallika, BARI mango-1 and BARI mango-2 and the lowest infestation of 13.78 and 18.55% found in Langra and Gopalbhog followed by Kazla-01 and Khirsapath. The other three varieties sustained 27.49-30.64 % leaf damage. To control the mango leaf cutting weevil bagging with mosquito net and bagging with polythin bag had the best performance with 100% reduction of leaf infestation followed by spraying of Ripcord. Spraying of Decis caused 82.23 % reduction of leaf damage followed by Sevin, Azodrin and Diazinon with the least control efficiency of Sumithion.
  S. U. Ahmed , M. Kamal , M. S. Islam and A. Haq
  Eighteen under-utilized marine fish and shell fish species were studied for their gel forming ability and surimi was prepared from all of the fish species. Difference in proximate composition and muscle pH of raw fish and the surimi products were also studied. Four species, namely, T. thalassinus. S. sihama, L. savala and C. macrolepidotus were found with extremely elastic gel forming ability (AA) and among others eight species were with moderately elastic gel (A). Two species, C. guttatum and M. cordyla were found with very poor gelling quality. Relation between muscle pH and water retention with the gelling quality of the fish has also studied.
  M. S. Islam , M.M. Zaman , M.M. Quadir , M.N. Hasan and M.I. Hossain
  Investigation was carried out to determine specific gravity and chemical quality of milk produced by different primary societies of Bangladesh Milk Producers`Cooperative Union Ltd. (Milk Vita). The chemical qualities of milk produced by primary cooperative societies were quite good i.e., fat, SNF and TS content of milk ranged between 4.327 and 4.853, 7.707 and 7.788, 12.03 and 12.62% respectively. Specific gravity and fat content of milk of these societies were within the normal range but the range of SNF content of milk was slightly lower than the normal range. Out of twenty five primary cooperative societies engaged in the supply of milk of different dairy plants of Milk Vita, Bangalpara primary cooperative society was superior (fat 4.853%, SNF 7.766%, TS 12.62% and specific gravity 1.027) than those of other societies.
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