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Articles by M. S Aboodi
Total Records ( 1 ) for M. S Aboodi
  J. F Granada , S Inami , M. S Aboodi , A Tellez , K Milewski , D Wallace Bradley , S Parker , S Rowland , G Nakazawa , M Vorpahl , F. D Kolodgie , G. L Kaluza , M. B Leon and R. Virmani
  Background—

We aimed to demonstrate that, by separating endothelial progenitor cell capture from sirolimus delivery through the application of drug to the abluminal surface of the stent, the degree of endothelialization can be enhanced.

Methods and Results—

Stainless steel R Stents, with biodegradable SynBiosys polymer coating with sirolimus abluminally applied and surface modified with anti-CD34 antibody were prepared at 2 dosages (low-dose sirolimus [LD-Combo, 2.5 µg sirolimus/mm] and full-dose sirolimus [Combo, 5 µg sirolimus/mm). These Combo stents and the Cypher stent (10 µg sirolimus/mm) were deployed in 98 normal porcine arteries and harvested for pharmacokinetic analysis at 0.25, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, and 35 days. The LD-Combo stents showed faster early release (50%total dose in 72 hours) than the Combo and Cypher. At 30 days, drug release was near complete with both Combo stents, whereas 20% of drug remained on the Cypher stents. To assess efficacy, a total of 50 stents (Xience V=8, Cypher=8, Genous bioengineered R stent=6, LD-Combo=14, and Combo=14) were implanted in 18 pigs for 14 and 28 days. Optical coherence tomography was performed, and stents were harvested for histology. At 28 days, there was less neointimal thickness with Combo (0.173±0.088 mm) compared with Cypher (0.358±0.225 mm), LD-Combo (0.316±0.228 mm), and Xience V (0.305±0.252 mm; P<0.00001). Immunohistochemical analysis of endothelialization showed that Genous bioengineered R stent had the highest degree of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression (87%) followed by the Combo (75%), LD-Combo (65%), and Cypher (58%).

Conclusions—

Both optical coherence tomography and histology demonstrate that anti-CD34 sirolimus-eluting stents promote endothelialization while reducing neointimal formation and inflammation.

 
 
 
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