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Articles by M. P Robich
Total Records ( 1 ) for M. P Robich
  R. M Osipov , M. P Robich , J Feng , R. T Clements , Y Liu , H. P Glazer , J Wagstaff , C Bianchi and F. W. Sellke
 

Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury occurs frequently in the setting of hypercholesterolemia. We investigated the potential efficacy of a novel thrombin fragment (TP508) on IR injury in a hypercholesterolemic porcine model. Twenty-one hypercholesterolemic male Yucatan pigs underwent 60 min of mid-left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion. Pigs received either placebo (control, n = 7) or TP508 in two doses (TP508 low dose, n = 7, as bolus of 0.5 mg/kg 50 min into ischemia and an infusion of 1.25 mg·kg–1·h–1 during reperfusion period or TP508 high dose, n = 7, a double dose of TP508 low-dose group). Myocardial function was monitored throughout the experiment. The area at risk and myocardial necrosis were determined by Monastryl blue/triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining. Apoptosis in the ischemic territory was assessed. Coronary microvascular reactivity to endothelium-dependent and -independent factors was measured. Myocardial necrosis was lower in both TP508-treated groups vs. control (P < 0.05). Regional left ventricular function was improved only in the TP508 high-dose group (P < 0.05). Endothelium-dependent coronary microvascular reactivity was greater in both TP508-treated groups (P < 0.05) vs. control. The expression of proteins favoring cell survival, 90-kDa heat shock protein and phospho-Bad (Ser112) was higher in the TP508 high-dose group (P < 0.05). The expression of the cell death signaling proteins, cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.05), apoptosis-inducing factor (P < 0.05), and poly-ADP ribose polymerase (P = 0.07) was lower in the TP508 low-dose group vs. TP508 high-dose and control. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP-mediated nick-end labeling positive cell count was lower in both TP508 groups compared with the control (P < 0.05). This study demonstrates that, in hypercholesterolemic pigs, TP508 decreases myocardial necrosis and apoptosis after IR. Thus TP508 may offer a novel approach in protecting the myocardium from IR injury.

 
 
 
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