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Articles by M. Nabalegwa
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. Nabalegwa
  M. Buyinza and M. Nabalegwa
  Despite agriculture being the major sources of highland people’s livelihood in Mbale region, little attention has been paid to their conservation and development. This study explores the socioeconomic impacts of land degradation in the mid-hills of Mt. Elgon catchment, eastern Uganda. The study results show that of about 59, 21, 11, 7, 3 and 2% of the average income contribution to the household economy come from off-farm, livestock, fruits, vegetables, cash and cereal crops respectively. Population densities are, in general, high in these areas and most land, including marginal lands, are under cultivation. Terracing farmland and planting fodder trees on terrace edge and on terrace risers are the traditional farming practices in order to minimize soil erosion and to maintain crop production. Slash and burn activities are continuously being practiced in the on-site for many years. Few farmers adopted soil conservation techniques such as use of mulching, hedgerows, mixed cropping of cereals with legumes and minimum tillage and establishing fruits orchards and vegetables farming. To improve the economic condition of people in the hilly area, there is a need to promote commercialization and diversification of agricultural practices with minimum degradation of natural resources.
  M. Buyinza1 , J.R.S. Kaboggoza , G. Nabanoga , A. Nagula and M. Nabalegwa
  This study investigates the site specific soil conservation strategies adopted by farmers to control land degradation around Mt. Elgon National Park, Uganda. Primary data were obtained through household survey conducted in Mutushet and Kortek parishes, Kapchorwa district between June to December, 2003. The differences between adopters and non-adopters of soil conservation practices in terms of contact with extension workers, tribe, size of productive family labour, membership to farmer organization, education level and participation in communal soil management activities and frequency of natural hazards on private agricultural lands were examined. Farmers have increasingly adopted different structural measures like terraced farming, construction of waterways, check dams, retention walls and gull control. Similarly, they have also adopted different biological measures including alley cropping, bamboo plantation in gullies, mulching and applied organic and inorganic fertilizers to control soil degradation. However, farmers have not been able to control soil degradation to a great extent due to relatively weak technological backup by concerned agencies. It was concluded that severity of soil degradation is higher in the parishes with traditional farming methods because farmers are not provided with the necessary technical advisory services.
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