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Articles by M. Ismail
Total Records ( 4 ) for M. Ismail
  M. Ismail , A.Memon , A.A.Solangi , N. N.Ansari and M. I. Rind
  Studied the effect of different levels of maize gluten meal (60%) on the growth performance of broiler at Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam during October-November, 1999. 300 chicks were divided in six groups, Group A (control), while Groups B, C, D, E and F were given 3%, 6%, 9%, 12% and 15% maize gluten meal respectively. It was observed that highest maize gluten meal MGM levels of 12% (E) and 15% (F) did not show positive effect on any of the quantitative and qualitative characters and group D (9% MGM) was considered as an optimum MGM level for obtaining economical and profitable results. Group D (9% MGM) consumed relatively less quantity of feed (4246.51 g) per bird and produced significantly higher weight gain (2063.50) g, feed conversion ratio (2.05), dressing percentage (68.95), liver weight (51.39) g, gizzard weight (31.27) g and heart weight (10.81) g. No mortality was recorded in group ‘D` and hence was most economical by offering Rs. 26.34/bird net profit as compared to Rs. 23.33, 22.99, 22.36, 12.49 and 11.03/bird net profit in groups F, E, C, B and A, respectively. It was concluded that maize gluten meal (MGM) is a valuable ingredient for broiler ration including 9% MGM proved to be an efficient feed ingredient for optimum broiler growth. Further increase in MGM ingredient did not show any positive effect on production and profitable broiler farming.
  R.K.Z. Sahbudin , M.K. Abdullah , M.D.A. Samad , M.A. Mahdi and M. Ismail
  In this research, a hybrid subcarrier multiplexed spectral-amplitude-coding optical code-division-multiple-access (SCM SAC-OCDMA) system is proposed for the purpose of combining the advantages of both techniques. SAC-OCDMA is employed because of its ability to eliminate the Multiple Access Interference (MAI) when code sequences with fixed in-phase cross correlation are used. In order to enhance the channel data rate of the OCDMA systems, the SCM technique is used. As a result, the hybrid system is robust against interference and is much more spectrally efficient. The system utilizes double weight (DW) code that has a weight W equal to two, code length N equal to six and cross correlation λ equal to 1. A simple and new detection technique called optical spectral amplitude direct decoding is proposed. Based on the theory and experimental simulation results obtained, the new proposed detection technique provides a better performance than the conventional balanced detection technique.
  Shahida Zakir , Bashir Ahmad , Tanveer Hussain , Shumaila Bashir , M. Ismail and A. Badshah
  The study was aimed to analyze the concentration of lead in blood samples of 60 randomly selected children aged between 7-14 years from different auto-workshops of Peshawar. The results revealed that a large proportion of the children had high level of lead ranging from 8.2 to 68.5 μg dL‾1 with mean 38.203. This attempt disclosed the health risks including loss in memory, anemia and body pain, rising of threshold of hearing and general weakness related to child labour.
  Asad Sultan , F.R. Durrani , S.M. Suhail , M. Ismail , Z. Durrani and Naila Chand
  This study was conducted to investigate the comparative effect of yogurt as probiotic with the commercially available probiotic protexin on the overall performance of broiler chicks, measured in terms of gain in body weight, feed intake, feed efficiency and economics. One hundred and twenty day old broiler chicks were randomly distributed into 3 main groups A, B and C, that were further divided into 4 sub groups comprising of 10 birds each. Commercial ration was fed ad libitum to all the three groups. The probiotics, yogurt and protexin were given at the rate of 5 mL-1 of water and 1 g L-1 of water to group B and A, respectively while group C was kept as control. The data were statistically analyzed, using Completely Randomized Design. The yogurt resulted in significantly (p<0.05) higher weight gain, feed efficiency, dressing percentage and gross return both in starter as well as finisher phases and Protexin did not affect (p>0.05). Mean FCR value in starter phase was 1.86, 1.69 and 1.84 for groups A, B and C, respectively. Group B showed significantly (p<0.05) improved feed efficiency than other two groups. Mean weight gain in starter phase for group A, B and C was 592.5, 633.8 and 610.0 g, respectively. Group B had significantly higher body weight gain (p<0.05). Feed intake in starter phase was 1104.5, 1076.2 and 1115.7 grams for group A, B and C, respectively, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in all the three groups. Mean FCR in finisher phase were 2.55, 1.98 and 2.51 for group A, B and C, respectively. Group B showed significantly improved feed efficiency (p<0.05) as compared to other groups. No significant (p>0.05) difference was found in feed intake in finisher phase for groups A, B and C. Feed intake was 3281.075, 3136.37 and 3227.25 g, respectively. Mean weight gain in finisher phase for group A, B and C was 1282.3, 1579.5 and 1280.6 g, respectively. Group B had significantly (p<0.05) higher weight gain than group A and C. The dressing percentage of group B was found highly significant (p<0.05), that was 62.95, 67.82 and 62.89% for group A, B and C, respectively. Mortality was recorded during experimental period. Percent Mortality was 5, 0 and 5% for group A, B and C, respectively. Economics was calculated for feed cost and gross return. Mean feed cost per bird was 70.08, 55.76 and 56.45 rupees for group A, B and C, respectively. Group A, showed significantly higher (p<0.05) feed cost as compared with other groups. Gross return calculated were 93.74, 110.7 and 94.53 rupees for group A, B and C, respectively. Group B had significantly higher gross return (p<0.05) as compared with other groups A and C. It was found that yogurt successfully improved the over all performance and gross return of the experimental birds. Further research is needed to investigate the effect of different levels of yogurt in broilers, layers and breeders.
 
 
 
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