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Articles by M. Hussain
Total Records ( 10 ) for M. Hussain
  H.I. Javed , M.A. Masood , S.R. Chughtai , H.N. Malik , M. Hussain and A. Saleem
  Six maize genotypes were evaluated in National Uniform Maize Yield Trials across six contrasting locations having different agro-climatic conditions. Pooled analysis of variance for grain yield indicated significant differences for genotypes across the environments, environment across genotypes and their interactions. These significant interactions indicated uneven performance of the genotypes across the environments and years. In stability analysis, all the parameters applied proved two genotypes as the most stable across the environments. These genotypes gave the highest grain yield and were also earlier in maturity. One genotype showed fitness for favourable environments and two for poor yielding environments.
  M. Hussain , S.R. Chughtai , H.I. Javed , H.N. Malik and A. Saleem
  Maize, the leading world cereal, offers the greatest potential for increasing food productivity in countries like Pakistan. The average yield in Pakistan is low compared to the world average. An effective short term strategy to improve maize productivity is to replace the local low yielding varieties and landraces with high yielding hybrids. However, mainly due to very high cost of the imported hybrid seed in Pakistan, the hybrid technology has not been adopted on larger scales. Currently, 25% of the maize area is under hybrids in Pakistan. Therefore, there is a great need to develop, popularize and adopt maize hybrids with indigenous blood. Indigenous hybrids for agro-ecological zones not attended by the private multinational have been developed at National Agricultural Research Centre and tested in the respective ecologies. Six selected indigenous hybrids (NARC-2701, NARC-2702, NARC-2703, NARC-2704, NARC-2705, NARC-2707) were evaluated at two location during spring season. Four leading commercial hybrids (Bemisal-202, 3335, 2303 and 6525 from Engro, Pioneer, Rafhan and Monsanto) were used as checks for comparison. Some of the indigenously developed hybrids (NARC-2702, NARC-2703, NARC-2704, NARC- 2705) performed better than, or as good as their exotic counterparts. These hybrids exhibited desired idiotypes as indicated by plant and ear heights. The indigenous hybrids were earlier in maturity than the commercial checks. These results clearly indicate the superiority and suitability of locally developed (indigenous) maize hybrids for spring planting in Pakistan.
  A.T.M. Morshed Alam , Md. Abdur Rahman Sarker , Md. Abul Hossain , Md. Mahbubul Islam , Md. Samiul Haque and M. Hussain
  An experiment was conducted to find the effect of hill density and number of plants hill-1 on the pod yield and seed quality of groundnut. A density of 200000 hills ha-1 gave the highest yield compared with 100000 and 400000 hills ha-1. Seed quality expressed through protein and oil contents remained unaffected due to plant density. Two plants hill-1 gave significantly higher yield than that of one plant and three plants hill-1. Protein contents were significantly affected due to the number of plants hill-1 where two plants hill-1 gave the maximum result which was insignificantly followed by that of three plants hill-1 while oil content remained unaffected. The crops of 200000 hills ha-1 with two plants hill-1 showed maximum pod yield (2.65t ha-1). Both protein and oil contents were found higher with the crops of 100000 hills ha-1 with two plants hill-1. Therefore, a density of 200000 hills ha-1 with two plants hill-1 emerged out as the promising practice for the improvement of yield in roundnut.
  M. M. Rahman , M. Hussain , M. M. Hussain , Masroor Anwer , A. B. Siddique and M. Nuruzzaman
  An investigation was made at farmers level of Kishoregonj and Manikganj, the two important jute growing areas of Bangladesh in order to enumerate the water management status in jute production in terms of farmers actual practices and their feeling of need about the same. Results revealed that average 64% farmers at Kishoregonj and 69% at Manikganj felt the necessity of irrigation, whereas 13 and 40% farmers at Kishoregonj and Manikganj actually practiced the same respectively. Similarly, 79 and 70% of farmers at Kishoregonj and Manikganj respectively felt the necessity of draining out the excess water from their jute field but 70 and 52% farmers actually practiced the same respectively. The difference between farmers feeling and actual practice on irrigation was wide while the difference between farmers feeling and actual practice on draining out the excess water was narrow which clearly showed the importance of drainage over irrigation in jute production at farmers level. But the statistical significant difference between feeling need and actual practice for improved water management are yet to prevalent over what farmers got from their forefathers.
  Shamsuddin Ahmad , Ahsanul Haque , A.K.M. Faruquzzaman , M. Hussain and M.A. Hossain
  Out of eight kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) cultivars assessed under field conditions against spiral borer (Agrilus acutus Thumb.), two were rated resistant, one was moderately resistant, three were moderately susceptible and two were susceptible. Among the hybrids progenies one was rated resistant, two were moderately resistant, one was moderately susceptible, two were susceptible and one was highly susceptible. Among resistant cultivars and hybrids, differences in mean gall length were insignificant, however, in percent infestation and mean percent damage (APD), the differences were significant.
  C.K. Saha , M.S. Alam , A. Khatun , Z. Naher , M. Hussain and M. Rahman
  A study was conducted with a view to predict the correlated response in yield taking plant height as the criterion for single trait phenotypic selection in jute. Results indicated that selection on plant height did not reflect a corresponding response in yield. Application of high selection intensity may be risky. So a low intensity selection on plant height should be applied when selection is done based on plant height only. In such situation, yield estimation of the plants above mean height may increase selection efficiency. But for higher yield direct selection appeared to be efficient over indirect selection.
  M. Hussain , R. Muneer , M. Jahangir , A.H. Awan , M.A. Khokhar , A.B. Zahur , M. Zulfiqar and A. Hussain
  Outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in goats, reported in different parts of the country were investigated. The disease was confirmed at six places using immunocapture ELISA and a pen-side test (chromatographic strip), a recently developed technology for the diagnosis of PPR under field conditions. The results indicated that PPR was wide spread in the country causing high mortality in goats. Although sheep and goats were kept under the same roof, yet there was no evidence of PPR infection in sheep. The pen-side test proved to be a useful technology for the rapid diagnosis of PPR. It helped reduce losses by employing early control measures to contain the infection.
  Tabinda , A. B, Moazzam Ali Khan , Omm-e-Hany , M. Ayub , M. Hussain , A. Yasar and M. Altaf Khan
  Phytoplankton being primary producers in an aquatic habitat play a key role in the production of fishes in water body. Besides a number of other important factors their abundance depends upon various water quality parameters. This study was conducted to assess the relationship between water quality parameters of Deg Nullah and phytoplankton. Physical and chemical parameters studied during the present study were pH, Temperature, Turbidity, Total dissolved solids, Alkalinity, Carbon dioxide, Dissolved oxygen and Hardness. Phytoplankton community was also studied and their relative abundance was estimated using standard techniques. Finally multiple regression models of the predominant species were developed in relation with above mentioned water quality parameters to asses the effect of these parameters on phytoplankton and the overall ecology of Deg Nullah upstream.
  A.B Tabinda , Moazzam Ali Khan , Omme Hany , M. Ayub , M. Hussain , A. Yasar and M. Altaf Khan
  Different species of carp fishes have different rates of oxygen consumption which varies with the change in temperature. Oxygen consumption studies were carried out on fingerlings (seed) of Labeo rohita, Cirrhina mrigala, Catla catla, Hypophthalmicthys molitrix and Ctenopharyngiodon idella at four different temperatures i.e., 15, 20, 25, 30°C in laboratory conditions. Labeo rohita seems to be the most tolerant species having highest oxygen consumption rates and better survival at low available oxygen concentration in water. Catla catla (at 15 and 30°C) and Hypophthalmicthys molitrix (at 20°C and 25°C) are least tolerant species with highest oxygen consumption rates. Rate of oxygen consumption is greater in Labeo rohita at 15, 20 and 25°C but highest in Cirrhina mrigala at 30°C. Labeo rohita seems to be the most tolerant species having highest oxygen consumption rates and better survival at low available oxygen concentration in water. Ctenopharyngiodon idella and Cirrhina mrigala are moderately tolerant species among the fish species under study.
  S. Mansoor , M. Hussain , S. H. Khan , A. Bashir , A. B. Leghari , G. A. Panwar , W.A. Siddiqui , Y. Zafar and K. A. Malik
  Samples of cotton plants showing symptoms of cotton leaf curl disease were collected from cotton fields in Sindh. Samples of some other plants including tomato, chillies, okra and Hibiscus suspected for whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses were also collected from these areas and total DNA was extracted. Degenerate primers designed to amplify DNA-A of whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses were used in PCR for the amplification of viral DNA. A product of expected (1.4 kb) was obtained from all these samples which confirmed the infection of whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses. PCR primers specific for the two whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses species namely CLCuV-Pk1 and CLCuV-Pk2 found associated with cotton leaf curl disease in Punjab were also used to confirm identity of cotton leaf curl virus in Sindh. A product specific for CLCuV-Pk1 was obtained from all four symptomatic cotton samples. The results showed that cotton samples were infected with CLCuV-Pk1 while CLCuV-Pk2 was not detected in these samples. This is the first report of detection of whitefly-transmitted geminiviruses on these crops from Sindh. Our data not only confirm the presence of a whitefly-transmitted geminivirus on cotton but also showed that the disease is caused by one of the virus species found in Punjab.
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