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Articles by M. H Hong
Total Records ( 3 ) for M. H Hong
  W. H Jia , Q. H Pan , H. D Qin , Y. F Xu , G. P Shen , L Chen , L. Z Chen , Q. S Feng , M. H Hong , Y. X Zeng and Y. Y. Shugart

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is rare in most parts of the world but is more prevalent in Southern China, especially in Guangdong. The cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) has been recognized as one of the critically important enzymes involved in oxidizing carcinogens and is probably to be associated with NPC carcinogenesis. To systematically investigate the association between genetic variants in CYP2E1 and NPC risk in Cantonese, two independent studies, a family-based association study and a case–control study, were conducted using the haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphism approach. A total of 2499 individuals from 546 nuclear families were initially genotyped for the family-based association study. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs9418990, rs915908, rs8192780, rs1536826, rs3827688 and one haplotype h2 (CGTGTTAA) were revealed to be significantly associated with the NPC phenotype (P = 0.045–0.003 and P = 0.003, respectively). To follow up the initial study, a case–control study including 755 cases and 755 controls was conducted. Similar results were observed in the case–control study in individuals <46 years of age and had a history of cigarette smoking, with odds ratios (ORs) of specific genotypes ranging from 1.88 to 2.99 corresponding to SNP rs9418990, rs3813865, rs915906, rs2249695, rs8192780, rs1536826, rs3827688 and of haplotypes h2 with OR = 1.65 (P = 0.026), h5 (CCCGTTAA) with OR = 2.58 (P = 0.007). The values of false-positive report probability were <0.015 for six SNPs, suggesting that the reported associations are less probably to be false. This study provides robust evidence for associations between genetic variants of CYP2E1 and NPC risk.

  L Niel , A. H Shah , G. A Lewis , K Mo , D Chatterjee , S. M Fernando , M. H Hong , W. Y Chang , P Vollmayr , J Rosen , J. N Miner and D. A. Monks

The spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) neuromuscular system is a highly conserved and well-studied model of sexual differentiation of the vertebrate nervous system. Sexual differentiation of the SNB is currently thought to be mediated by the direct action of perinatal testosterone on androgen receptors (ARs) in the bulbocavernosus/levator ani muscles, with concomitant motoneuron rescue. This model has been proposed based on surgical and pharmacological manipulations of developing rats as well as from evidence that male rats with the testicular feminization mutation (Tfm), which is a loss of function AR mutation, have a feminine SNB phenotype. We examined whether genetically replacing AR in muscle fibers is sufficient to rescue the SNB phenotype of Tfm rats. Transgenic rats in which wild-type (WT) human AR is driven by a human skeletal actin promoter (HSA-AR) were crossed with Tfm rats. Resulting male HSA-AR/Tfm rats express WT AR exclusively in muscle and nonfunctional Tfm AR in other tissues. We then examined motoneuron and muscle morphology of the SNB neuromuscular system of WT and Tfm rats with and without the HSA-AR transgene. We observed feminine levator ani muscle size and SNB motoneuron number and size in Tfm males with or without the HSA-AR transgene. These results indicate that AR expression in skeletal muscle fibers is not sufficient to rescue the male phenotype of the SNB neuromuscular system and further suggest that AR in other cell types plays a critical role in sexual differentiation of this system.

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