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Articles by M. C Kim
Total Records ( 4 ) for M. C Kim
  A Licurse , M. C Kim , J Dziura , H. P Forman , R. N Formica , D. V Makarov , C. R Parikh and C. P. Gross

Background  In adult inpatients with acute kidney injury (AKI), clinicians routinely order a renal ultrasonography (RUS) study. It is unclear how often this test provides clinically useful information.

Methods  Cross-sectional study, including derivation and validation samples, of 997 US adults admitted to Yale–New Haven Hospital from January 2005 to May 2009, who were diagnosed as having AKI and who underwent RUS to evaluate elevated creatinine level. Pregnant women, renal transplant recipients, and patients with recently diagnosed hydronephrosis (HN) were excluded. Demographic and clinical characteristics were abstracted from the medical records. A multivariable logistic regression model was developed to create risk strata for HN and HN requiring an intervention (HNRI); a separate sample was used for validation. The frequency of incidental findings on RUS was assessed for each stratum.

Results  In a derivation sample of 200 patients, 7 factors were found to be associated with HN: history of HN; recurrent urinary tract infections; diagnosis consistent with obstruction; nonblack race; and absence of the following: exposure to nephrotoxic medications, congestive heart failure, or prerenal AKI. Among 797 patients in the validation sample (mean age, 65.6 years), 10.6% had HN and 3.3% had HNRI. Of 223 patients in the low-risk group, 7 (3.1%) had HN and 1 (0.4%) had HNRI (223 patients needed to be screened to find 1 case of HNRI). In this group, there were 0 incidental findings on RUS unknown to the clinical team. In the higher-risk group, 15.7% had HN and 4.7% had HNRI.

Conclusion  In adult inpatients with AKI, specific factors can identify patients unlikely to have HN or HNRI on RUS.

  S. H Hwang , D. J Park , Y. S Jee , M. C Kim , H. H Kim , H. J Lee , H. K Yang and K. U. Lee

Objective  To analyze 3-year actual disease-free survival after laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy for gastric cancer on the assumption that 3-year disease-free survival may represent 5-year overall survival.

Design  Retrospective analysis.

Setting  Department of surgery of a university hospital.

Patients  A total of 197 patients who underwent laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy for gastric cancer from May 1998 to September 2007 and who were followed up for more than 3 years.

Main Outcome Measures  Feasibility and long-term survival rate with survival analysis by the Kaplan-Meier method.

Results  Subtotal and total gastrectomies were performed in 178 and 19 patients, respectively. The scope of the lymph node dissections were D1 + β (n = 152) and D2 (n = 45). There were 153, 28, 8, 6, 1, and 1 patients in stages Ia, Ib, II, IIIa, IIIb, and IV, respectively. The median follow-up was 45 months (range, 1-113 months), and there were 7 recurrences. Multivariate analysis of disease-specific survival showed that depth of invasion and lymph node metastasis influenced the prognosis independently. The actual 3-year disease-free survival rate for all patients was 96.9%. The 173 patients with early gastric cancer and 24 with advanced gastric cancer showed 98.8% and 79.1% actual 3-year disease-free survival rates, respectively.

Conclusions  Laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy is acceptable oncologically in early gastric cancer if 3-year disease-free survival represents 5-year overall survival. Laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy may also play an important role in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer.

  J. S Nho , S. Y Lee , J. M Kang , M. C Kim , Y. K Choi , O. Y Shin , D. S Kim and M. I. Kwon

Emergence from anaesthesia and tracheal extubation can be associated with hyperdynamic circulatory responses. We examined the effects of maintaining a remifentanil infusion on recovery profiles such as coughing and cardiovascular responses after general anaesthesia.


Forty patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery under general anaesthesia using total i.v. anaesthesia (propofol and remifentanil) were randomly allocated to a control group (n=20) or remifentanil group (n=20) during emergence from anaesthesia. At the end of surgery, propofol was ceased and the infusion of remifentanil was stopped in the control group and maintained in the remifentanil group at a target organ concentration of 1.5 ng ml–1 until extubation. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and recovery profiles were measured and evaluated.


There was no significant difference in sex ratio, age, weight, height, time to eye opening, time to extubation, nausea, visual analogue scale, and time to discharge. Increases in HR and MAP occurred during emergence in the control group compared with baseline values. Increases in HR were attenuated in the remifentanil group and MAP decreased during recovery compared with baseline values. HR and MAP values were significantly higher in the control group [103 (23) beats min–1, 129 (17) mm Hg] compared with the remifentanil group [79 (17) beats min–1, 112 (15) mm Hg] during emergence and tracheal extubation. Moderate or severe coughing was observed only in the control group (8/20 vs 0/20, P<0.001).


Maintaining a remifentanil infusion reduced haemodynamic changes and coughing associated with tracheal extubation almost without significantly delaying recovery from anaesthesia.

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