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Articles by M. Bisalla
Total Records ( 3 ) for M. Bisalla
  M. Bisalla , K.A.N. Esievo , N.D.G. Ibrahim and I.A. Lawal
  Serum proteins, thyroid hormones and alkaline phosphatase concentrations were measured in Yankasa sheep experimentally infected with T. congolense. Parasitemia occurred in the T. congolense infected sheep immunomodulated with levamisole two days earlier than the infected group without immunodulation.Packed cell volume decreased significantly(p< 0.05) in the infected groups with and without immunomodulation when compared to the controls from the first week of infection up to the end of the experiment. Serum total protein, albumin, Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3) decreased significantly (p< 0.05) in the infected sheep with and without immunodulation when compared to the controls. Serum Thyrotopin (TSH) and Alkaline Phosphate (AP) did not alter significantly (p>0.05) in the infected sheep with and without immunomodulation when compared to the controls throughout the period of the experiment. In general, levamisole administration did not appear to alter the infection when compared to the infected group without immunomodulation.
  L. Sa`idu , M. Bisalla and B. Moumini
  Three breeds of local chickens, Dwarf (DW), Frizzled Chicken (FZ) and Long Legged (LL) were purchased from the chicken market at Sabon Gari, Zaria and environs. Ten birds of each breed were bought making a total of 30 chickens. The birds were housed in the same pen to simulate local husbandry method. At three days after purchase the birds were bled to determine their Newcastle disease antibodies and then subsequently the birds were challenged with a local strain of Newcastle virus (Kudu 113). The birds were monitored for clinical signs and mortality. The mortality rates were: 60, 80 and 90% for DW, FZ and LL, respectively. The morbidity rate was 100% in all the breeds. The mean HI antibody titres before challenge were : 0.2, 1.4 and 2.0 for LL, DW and FZ, respectively. At 5 weeks post challenge the mean HI antibody titres were : 1024 for both DW and FZ and it was 32 for LL. The clinical signs seen in all the breeds were similar to those seen in the velogenic viscerotropic form of Newcastle Disease ( ND ). The post mortem lesions seen in all the breeds were similar to those seen in the velogenic viscerotropic form of ND. The study showed that all the breeds were equally susceptible to ND. Unlike the belief of the Hausas that the FZ is resistant to ND. It was concluded that there is no breed difference among the local chicken in susceptibility to ND and that there is the need for further studies on the claim that the local chicken is resistant to ND viral infection.
  S. Adamu , I.T. Adebayo , N.M. Useh , M. Bisalla , S.J. Sambo and K.A.N. Esievo
  In a study to determine the occurrence evidences of impairment of kidney function in cattle, urine specimens were collected from 135 emaciated cattle, made up of 70 bulls and 65 cows and analyzed chemically for urinary constituents using reagents strip. Results obtained indicated that abnormal values of pH, glucose, bilirubin, specific gravity, erythrocyte, protein, Urobilinogen, nitrite, leukocyte and ketones occurred at prevalence rates of 10.4, 3.7, 15.6, 27.4, 11.1, 30.4, 1.5, 14.1, 13.3 and 20%, respectively. Abnormal values of these parameters were found to occur more in the males than in females except for values of glucose, specific gravity and ketones in which the reverse was the case. It was recommended from this study, that since the abnormal values of most of the constituents evaluated in the urine of these animals were suggestive of the existence of disorders that could impair with renal function, an in-depth study to identify the specific disorders and their aetiologic factors be conducted so that effective control and preventive measures could be designed and effected to curtail the menace of the diseases in cattle livestock.
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