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Articles by M. B Wax
Total Records ( 5 ) for M. B Wax
  A. N Van Hoek , R Bouley , Y Lu , C Silberstein , D Brown , M. B Wax and R. V. Patil

Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a basolateral water channel in collecting duct principal cells and assembles into orthogonal array particles (OAPs), the size of which appears to depend on relative expression levels of AQP4 splice variants. Because the higher-order organization of AQP4 was perturbed by vasopressin in Brattleboro rats and phosphorylation sites have been identified on AQP4, we investigated whether vasopressin and forskolin (Fk) affect AQP4 assembly and/or expression in LLC-PK1 cells stably transfected with the AQP4 splice variant M23, which is responsible for formation of OAPs, and/or the splice variant M1, which does not form OAPs. Our data show that [lys8]-vasopressin (LVP) and Fk treatment led to differential increases in expression levels of M23-AQP4 and M1-AQP4 that varied as a function of incubation time. At early time points (day 1) expression of M1 was significantly stimulated (4.5-fold), over that of M23 (1.6-fold), but after 3 days the expression of M23 became predominant (4.1-fold) over that of M1 (1.9-fold). This pattern of stimulation was dependent on an intact AQP4 residue serine 111 and required protein synthesis. In cells expressing both M1 and M23 (M1/M23 ~ 1), with small sized OAPs at the membrane, the LVP/Fk-induced stimulation of M23 was modified and mimicked that of M1 when expressed alone, suggesting a dominant role for M1. In Brattleboro kidney inner medulla, an 8-day chronic exposure to the vasopressin agonist (dDAVP) led to reduction in M1 and a significant increase in M23 immunoblot staining (M1/M23 = 2/3 -> 1/4). These results indicate that AQP4 organization and expression are regulated by vasopressin in vivo and in vitro and demonstrate that the dominant role for M1 is restricted to a one-to-one interaction between AQP4 splice variants that regulates the membrane expression of OAPs.

  Z Wang , C. W Do , V Valiunas , C. T Leung , A. K. W Cheng , A. F Clark , M. B Wax , J. E Chatterton and M. M. Civan

Aqueous humor is formed by fluid transfer from the ciliary stroma sequentially across the pigmented ciliary epithelial (PE) cells, gap junctions, and nonpigmented ciliary epithelial (NPE) cells. Which connexins (Cx) contribute to PE-NPE gap junctional formation appears species specific. We tested whether small interfering RNA (siRNA) against Cx43 (siCx43) affects bovine PE-NPE communication and whether cAMP affects communication. Native bovine ciliary epithelial cells were studied by dual-cell patch clamping, Lucifer Yellow (LY) transfer, quantitative polymerase chain reaction with reverse transcription (qRT-PCR), and Western immunoblot. qRT-PCR revealed at least 100-fold greater expression for Cx43 than Cx40. siCx43 knocked down target mRNA expression by 55 ± 7% after 24 h, compared with nontargeting control siRNA (NTC1) transfection. After 48 h, siCx43 reduced Cx43 protein expression and LY transfer. The ratio of fluorescence intensity (Rf) in recipient to donor cell was 0.47 ± 0.09 (n = 11) 10 min after whole cell patch formation in couplets transfected with NTC1. siCx43 decreased Rf by ~60% to 0.20 ± 0.07 (n = 13, P < 0.02). Dibutyryl-cAMP (500 µM) also reduced LY dye transfer by ~60%, reducing Rf from 0.41 ± 0.05 (n = 15) to 0.17 ± 0.05 (n = 20) after 10 min. Junctional currents were lowered by ~50% (n = 6) after 10-min perfusion with 500 µM dibutyryl-cAMP (n = 6); thereafter, heptanol abolished the currents (n = 5). Preincubation with the PKA inhibitor H-89 (2 µM) prevented cAMP-triggered current reduction (n = 6). We conclude that 1) Cx43, but not Cx40, is a major functional component of bovine PE-NPE gap junctions; and 2) under certain conditions, cAMP may act through PKA to inhibit bovine PE-NPE gap junctional communication.

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