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Articles by M. A. Maleque
Total Records ( 2 ) for M. A. Maleque
  M.M. Rahman , A.K. Ariffin , S. Abdullah , M.M. Noor , Rosli A. Bakar and M. A. Maleque

Objectives: This study was focused on the finite element techniques to investigate the effect of surface treatment on the fatigue life of the vibrating cylinder block for new two-stroke free piston engine using random loading conditions.
An understanding of the effects related to the random loading is necessary to improve the ability of designers to accurately predict the fatigue behavior of the components in service. An internal combustion engine cylinder block is a high volume production component subjected to random loading.
Problem statement:
Proper optimization of this component that is critical to the engine fuel efficiency and more robustly pursued by the automotive industry in recent years. A detailed understanding of the applied loads and resulting stresses under in-service conditions is demanded.
The finite element modeling and analysis were performed utilizing the computer aided design and finite element analysis codes respectively. In addition, the fatigue life prediction was carried out using finite element based fatigue analysis code. Aluminum alloys were considered as typical materials in this study.
Results: The frequency response approach was applied to predict the fatigue life of cylinder block using different load histories. Based on the finite element results, it was observed that the fatigue life was significantly influenced for the nitriding treatment. The obtained results were indicated that the nitrided treatment produces longest life for all loading conditions.
Conclusion: The nitriding process is one of the promising surface treatments to increase the fatigue life for aluminum alloys linear engine cylinder block.

  M. M. Rahman , Khalaf I. Hamada , M. M. Noor , Rosli A. Bakar , K. Kadirgama and M. A. Maleque
  This study presented in-cylinder heat transfer characteristics of a single cylinder port injection Hydrogen fueled Internal Combustion Engine (H2ICE) using a steady state approach. Problem statement: The differences in characteristics between hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuels are led to the difference in the behavior of physical processes during engine cycle. One of these processes is the in-cylinder heat transfer. Approach: One dimensional gas dynamic model was used to describe the heat transfer characteristics of the engine. The engine speed was varied from 2000-5000 rpm, crank angle from -40° to +100°, while Air-Fuel Ratio (AFR) was changed from stoichiometric to lean limit. Results: The simulated results showed higher heat transfer rate but lower heat transfer to total fuel energy ratio with increasing the engine speed. The in-cylinder pressure and temperature were increased with decreasing AFR and increasing engine speed. The in-cylinder air flow rate was increased linearly with increasing engine speed as well as air fuel ratio. Conclusion/Recommendations: The results showed that the AFR has a vital effect on characteristics variation while the engine speed has minor effect. These results can be utilized for the study of combustion process, fuel consumption, emission production and engine performance.
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