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Articles by M. A. K. Azad
Total Records ( 4 ) for M. A. K. Azad
  M. A. K. Azad and M. M. Haque
  A study was conducted to deal with different issues related to livelihood and socioeconomic condition of the fishers living in the coastal zone of Bangladesh. Data was collected from different secondary sources and simple survey to serve the objectives of the study. The coastal fishers folk population of Bangladesh is approximately 550,000. Coastal zone of Bangladesh is basically blessed with fertile soil, mangrove forest and fisheries resources. In recent past years, the coastal fisheries resources have declined drastically due to overexploitation, destruction of near-shore habitats and inappropriate development policy and planning. The poor fishers are left behind and failed to reap the benefit of development policy and planning, as they have no power to participate in development processes. Natural calamities mostly cyclone and tidal surges affect the coastal fishers very frequently due to geographic position. Approximately 45 damaging cyclones have been reported in the coastal area of Bangladesh from 1793 to 1997. It is necessary to develop sound management practices of capture fisheries, developing alternative employment opportunities and social infrastructure for coastal fishers through integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) system for sustaining their better livelihood and socioeconomic condition. The basic social infrastructures including better communication network, educational institutes, cyclone shelter and safe water, sanitation & marketing facilities should be developed through the technical and financial support from government and non-government organizations.
  M. N. Amin , Shahrear Ahmad , S. Sultana , M. R. Alam and M. A. K. Azad
  The cultures of proliferating axillary shoots were established on MS medium with different concentrations of either BA alone or in combinations of BA with NAA or IBA and with shoot explants from field grown mature plant of Ixora fulgens. Nodal segments were found to be the best explants for axillary shoot formation on agar gelled MS medium with 0.5 mg l -1 BA+0.1 mg l -1 NAA. On this medium axillary buds showed sprouting within two weeks of incubation. By sequential reculturing and subculturing 15-20 usable shoots (>1 cm length) could be produced from the 2-node shoot segments after 12-15 weeks of culture. Microcuttings taken from In vitro proliferated shoots were rooted on ½ strength MS medium having 0.1-0.5 mg l -1 of either NAA, IBA and/or IAA. It was found that 90% of the plantlets could be established under Ex vitro conditions when they were transferred on specially made plastic tray containing coco-peet as potting mix.
  K. M. S. Islam , M. A. K. Azad and S. M. J. Hossain
  Milk production profile in Baghabarighat Milk Shed Area (BMSA) of Bangladesh was studied from July 1991 to June 1996 to identify the development and production pattern of milk throughout the year. Data collected based on active primary society, number of members and milch cows, milk collection, feed intake and live weight gain of ruminants, feed availability of that area throughout the year etc. Results indicated that the collection of milk, number of active society and members, number and productivity of milch cows improve year to year due to increase in extension activities and breeding policy of Bangladesh Milk Producers Co-operative Union Limited (BMPCUL) in the area. But, milch cows per member`s (2.06) yet not increased indicating that the economic status of farmers was unchanged. Moreover, it was found that feed adequacy, climatic condition etc govern the flushing and calving season and ultimately trend of milk production throughout the year which may be compared with a production trend of a lactating cow over the lactation period.
  M. Hasanuzzaman , M. A. K. Azad , M. A. Barik and M. Z. Rahman
  This study was undertaken to find out the milk fat production trend both in qualitative and quantitative aspect and seasonal effect on it at Sree-Nagor Milk Shed Area (MSA) under Milk Vita in Munshigonj, Bangladesh. The experiment was conducted during the period of 1995 to 1999. Season had the tremendous effect on milk yield (l/d). The milk production showed highest in the month of June, lowest in January, August, September and December; but in other months of the year it seemed almost similar. However, the average fat value of milk at Sree-Nagor MSA followed almost a specific trend throughout the year. Furthermore, the average fat value of Sree-nagor MSA was in-significant (P>0.05) between different months of the experimental period, but that of each year (1995-1999) between different months were highly significant (P<0.01), which means that season has large effect on fat value.
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