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Articles by M. A. H. Pramanik
Total Records ( 3 ) for M. A. H. Pramanik
  M. J. Alam , M. A. R. Howlider , M. A. H. Pramanik and M. A. Haque
  A total of 144 day-old straight run Arbor Acres broiler chicks were fed on 4 iso-nitrogenous and iso-energetic diets; starter control contained 22.1% CP and 2924 Kcal/kg ME and finisher control had 19.25% CP and 3005 Kcal/kg ME. In three test diets exogenous Alquerzim (1g/kg), Roxazyme-G (0.01g/kg) and Feedzyme (0.05g/kg) were supplemented to control diet to observe whether addition exogenous enzyme improves efficiency of broiler production. The growth rate, feed intake, feed conversion, dressing yield and profitability were increased by addition of exogenous enzymes. The addition of enzyme is effective to overcome antinutritive effect of NSP on broiler performances. Enzyme had no effect on survivability. Roxazyme-G and Feedzyme are more profitable than Alquerzim. Therefore, it may be concluded that exogenous enzyme may be used in broiler diet by proper selection of enzyme to get best result.
  Biswas S. K. , M. A. Wahid , M. J. Karim , M. A. H. Pramanik and M. Rokonuzzaman
  The two commonly used litter materials in Bangladesh, wheat straw and sugarcane bagasse were examined for their suitability in broiler rearing. Chicks reared on wheat straw had a significantly higher (P<0.01) feed conversion ratio compared with others. Coccidial oocysts counts per gram of litter reached a peak at 5th week, and except a significantly higher (P<0.01) count in sawdust litter at 4th week the counts were not different between the groups. The birds were apparently healthy and did not have any physical abnormalities. Nitrogen content of different used litter did not vary significantly (P>0.05) but the potassium and phosphorus contents in wheat straw were significantly higher (P<0.01) as compared with other litters. Considering the broiler performance sawdust was found to be the best litter, although wheat straw had a better manureal value but with poor broiler performance. Therefore it is suggested that during winter sawdust litter may be used for broiler rearing in Bangladesh.
  M. Al- Mamun , M. A. Akbar , M. Shahjalal and M. A. H. Pramanik
  The existing practice of storing rice straw, routes of straw losses and problems related to livestock rearing in rural areas were studied in four selected villages of Mymensingh district of Bangladesh. The base line information on storage system of rice straw and livestock rearing problems were collected through PRA technique using a pre-designed questionnaire. From the survey it was identified that majority of the farmers stored rice straw traditionally making stack on the ground in unroofed condition and that caused considerable damage and losses of straw resulting shortage in the availability of rice straw for animals. Farmers reported that straw is lost in three stages - during harvesting, processing and storage condition. Harvesting loss was accounted for about 8 and 10% for Boro and T. aus straw, respectively. In wet season 25 and 23% of Boro and T. aus straw respectively, was lost during processing. About 18-20% of straw was lost during storage, which was mainly due to earthen evaporated gas, rat, termites, anjona (a reptile pest), poultry birds and excessive rainfall. In case of storage of rice straw the single most common solution for many problems as recommended by the farmers was to improve storage system. It may be concluded from the above results that traditional storage method leads to significant loss of rice straw resulting in feed shortage and impaired livestock productivity.
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