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Articles by M Takeda
Total Records ( 5 ) for M Takeda
  I Nozaki , T Hamaguchi , N Sanjo , M Noguchi Shinohara , K Sakai , Y Nakamura , T Sato , T Kitamoto , H Mizusawa , F Moriwaka , Y Shiga , Y Kuroiwa , M Nishizawa , S Kuzuhara , T Inuzuka , M Takeda , S Kuroda , K Abe , H Murai , S Murayama , J Tateishi , I Takumi , S Shirabe , M Harada , A Sadakane and M. Yamada
 

We analysed the epidemiological data and clinical features of patients with prion diseases that had been registered by the Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Surveillance Committee, Japan, over the past 10 years, since 1999. We obtained information on 1685 Japanese patients suspected as having prion diseases and judged that 1222 patients had prion diseases, consisting of definite (n = 180, 14.7%) and probable (n = 1029, 84.2%) cases, except for dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease which also included possible cases (n = 13, 1.1%). They were classified into 922 (75.5%) with sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, 216 (17.7%) with genetic prion diseases, 81 (6.6%) with acquired prion diseases, including 80 cases of dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease and one case of variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, and three cases of unclassified Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (0.2%). The annual incidence rate of prion disease ranged from 0.65 in 1999 to 1.10 in 2006, with an average of 0.85, similar to European countries. Although methionine homozygosity at codon 129 polymorphism of the prion protein gene was reported to be very common (93%) in the general Japanese population, sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease in Japan was significantly associated with codon 129 homozygosity (97.5%), as reported in western countries. In sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, MM1 type (Parchi’s classification) is the most common, as in western countries. Among atypical sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease cases, the MM2 type appeared most common, probably related to the very high proportion of methionine allele in the Japanese population. As for iatrogenic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, only dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease cases were reported in Japan and, combined with the data from previous surveillance systems, the total number of dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease was 138, comprising the majority of worldwide dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease patients. Regarding genetic prion diseases, the most common mutation of prion protein gene was V180I (41.2%), followed by P102L (18.1%), E200K (17.1%) and M232R (15.3%), and this distribution was quite different from that in Europe. In particular, V180I and M232R were quite rare mutations worldwide. Patients with V180I or M232R mutations rarely had a family history of prion diseases, indicating that a genetic test for sporadic cases is necessary to distinguish these from sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease. In conclusion, our prospective 10-year surveillance revealed a frequent occurrence of dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, and unique phenotypes of sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease and genetic prion diseases related to the characteristic distribution of prion protein gene mutations and polymorphisms in Japan, compared with those in western countries.

  N Sasaki , T Yamashita , M Takeda , M Shinohara , K Nakajima , H Tawa , T Usui and K. i. Hirata
 

Background— Accumulating evidence suggests that several subsets of regulatory T cells that actively mediate immunologic tolerance play crucial roles in atherogenesis. Recently, orally administered anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody has been shown as an inducer of novel regulatory T cells expressing latency-associated peptide (LAP) on their surface, which potently prevents systemic autoimmunity. In the present study, we hypothesized that oral anti-CD3 antibody treatment may inhibit atherosclerosis in mice.

Methods and Results— Six-week-old apolipoprotein E–deficient mice on a standard diet were orally given anti-CD3 antibody or control immunoglobulin G on 5 consecutive days, and atherosclerosis was assessed at age 16 weeks. Oral administration of anti-CD3 antibody significantly reduced atherosclerotic lesion formation and accumulations of macrophages and CD4+ T cells in the plaques compared with controls. We observed a significant increase in LAP+ cells and CD25+Foxp3+ cells in the CD4+ T-cell population in anti-CD3–treated mice, in association with increased production of the antiinflammatory cytokine transforming growth factor-β and suppressed T-helper type 1 and type 2 immune responses. Neutralization of transforming growth factor-β in vivo abrogated the preventive effect of oral anti-CD3 antibody.

Conclusions— Our findings indicate the atheroprotective role of oral anti-CD3 antibody treatment in mice via induction of a regulatory T-cell response. These findings suggest that oral immune modulation may represent an attractive therapeutic approach to atherosclerosis.

  M Amari , T Ishida , M Takeda and N. Ohuchi
  Objective

Capecitabine is effective and well tolerated in patients with anthracycline- and/or taxane-pre-treated metastatic breast cancer. We compared the efficacy and safety of capecitabine monotherapy between 1st, 2nd, 3rd and ≥4th line settings for advanced and metastatic breast cancer pre-treated with/without anthracycline and taxanes.

Methods

Subjects comprised 84 patients with histologically confirmed advanced or metastatic breast cancer and at least one measurable metastatic lesion. We evaluated time to disease progression (TTP), response rate (RR) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) for 1st (n = 17), 2nd (n = 28), 3rd (n = 23) and ≥4th (n = 16) line setting treatments of capecitabine monotherapy.

Results

Median number of cycles of capecitabine monotherapy was 12 cycles in 1st line, 11 cycles in 2nd line, 9 cycles in 3rd line and 11 cycles in ≥4th line. RR and CBR were 23.5% and 58.8% in 1st line, 21.4% and 53.6% in 2nd line, 21.7% and 52.2% in 3rd line, and 18.8% and 50.0% in ≥4th line, respectively. No significant differences in TTP were seen between each line setting (P = 0.843).

Conclusions

Capecitabine monotherapy is effective and well tolerated in all line settings of chemotherapy in patients with metastatic or advanced breast cancer, and is suitable for outpatient therapy.

  K Tamaki , H Sasano , T Ishida , K Ishida , M Miyashita , M Takeda , M Amari , N Harada Shoji , M Kawai , T Hayase , N Tamaki and N. Ohuchi
  Objective

Breast ultrasonography has gained widespread acceptance as a diagnostic tool for the evaluation of human breast disorders. It is important to evaluate the correlation of ultrasonography findings with the corresponding histopathological features.

Method

We retrospectively reviewed the 154 cases of breast disorders. We evaluated the correlation the ultrasonography findings and carcinoma cells extension with their corresponding histopathological findings. In addition, we also studied the information on estimation of histological types and cancer extension used by the other modalities such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Results

The concordance rate for margins between ultrasonography findings and histopathological features was 91.6% (P < 0.001) and that for boundary zone was 87.0% (P < 0.001). Histopathological correlation of internal and posterior echoes demonstrated that internal low echo masses were composed of fibroblastic cells with marked collagenization in the stroma, or the cases in which carcinoma cells proliferated in a monotonous, solid and/or expanding manners. Attenuation of posterior echo was detected in the cases associated with hyperplasia of collagenized fibroblastic stroma. An increased cellularity in the mass with prominent large tumor nests and little fibrous stroma demonstrated the accentuation or no alterations of the posterior echo. The concordance rate of borders was 84.4% (P < 0.001). The correlation between estimated histological type by ultrasonography diagnosis and actual histological types was 87.0%. An overall detection rate of carcinoma extension by ultrasonography was 86.4%. In addition, an overall detection rate of carcinoma extension by ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography was 93.8%.

Conclusion

These results demonstrated correlation between histopathological and ultrasonographic findings of the breast lesions is cardinal for quality control or improving the quality of ultrasonography.

  Y Kikuchi , M Nakaya , M Ikeda , K Narita , M Takeda and M. Nishi
 

Background The mental health of nurses is an important issue.

Aims To examine relationships between effort–reward imbalance (ERI) and depression and anxiety in nurses of a Japanese general hospital.

Methods A self-report survey was conducted among 406 nurses. Work stress was measured using a Japanese version of the ERI scale. Depression and anxiety were assessed by an item of the QOL-26. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent contribution of the effort–reward ratios or overcommitment to the depressive state.

Results Both higher effort–money ratio and higher overcommitment significantly correlated with the depressive state (OR: 2.75; 95% CI: 1.34–5.66 and OR: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.15–1.41, respectively).

Conclusions These findings suggest that in addition to effort–money ratio, overcommitment at work is an especially important issue that may be able to be managed in health promotion services for nurses in general hospitals.

 
 
 
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