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Articles by M Sasaki
Total Records ( 8 ) for M Sasaki
  H Uto Kondo , M Ayaori , M Ogura , K Nakaya , M Ito , A Suzuki , S. i Takiguchi , E Yakushiji , Y Terao , H Ozasa , T Hisada , M Sasaki , F Ohsuzu and K. Ikewaki

Rationale: Association of habitual coffee consumption with coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality has not been established. We hypothesized that coffee may enhance reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) as the antiatherogenic properties of high-density lipoprotein (HDL).

Objective: This study was to investigate whether the phenolic acids of coffee and coffee regulates RCT from macrophages in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo.

Methods and Results: Caffeic acid and ferulic acid, the major phenolic acids of coffee, enhanced cholesterol efflux from THP-1 macrophages mediated by HDL, but not apoA-I. Furthermore, these phenolic acids increased both the mRNA and protein levels of ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC)G1 and scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), but not ABCA1. Eight healthy volunteers were recruited for the ex vivo study, and blood samples were taken before and 30 minutes after consumption of coffee or water in a crossover study. The mRNA as well as protein levels of ABCG1, SR-BI, and cholesterol efflux by HDL were increased in the macrophages differentiated under autologous sera obtained after coffee consumption compared to baseline sera. Finally, effects of coffee and phenolic acid on in vivo RCT were assessed by intraperitoneally injecting [3H]cholesterol-labeled acetyl low-density lipoprotein-loaded RAW264.7 cells into mice, then monitoring appearance of 3H tracer in plasma, liver, and feces. Supporting in vitro and ex vivo data, ferulic acid was found to significantly increase the levels of 3H tracer in feces.

Conclusions: Coffee intake might have an antiatherogenic property by increasing ABCG1 and SR-BI expression and enhancing HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux from the macrophages via its plasma phenolic acids.

  M Shimbo , S Tomioka , M Sasaki , T Shima , N Suzuki , S Murakami , H Nakatsu and J. Shimazaki

Detection of prostate cancer needs a biopsy of the prostate. Suspecting cancer from an increase in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has a high negative rate at an initial prostate biopsy. Cases with negative initial biopsy may be the candidates of subsequent biopsy. For lowering unnecessary repeat biopsy, the use of predictive factors before a repeat biopsy is applied for indication.


Seventy-seven cases with negative initial prostate biopsy received a repeat biopsy and factors for the detection of cancer were examined.


PSA doubling time distinguished a part of cancer cases. Its sensitivity of 30, 50 and 70 months was 36.6%, 30.4% and 10%, respectively. Cancer case did not show PSA doubling time of >100 months in general. Values of PSA transition zone density, %Free/total PSA and PSA velocity were similar between cancer and no cancer cases.


PSA doubling time was one of the predictive factors for the detection of prostate cancer and was valuable for avoiding unnecessary repeat biopsy in some cases.

  O Fujii , T Soejima , Y Kuwatsuka , A Harada , Y Ota , K Tsujino , M Sasaki , H Kudo , M Nishihara and K. Taomoto

This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of recursive partitioning analysis model established by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group for predicting the survival of patients with supratentorial glioblastoma treated with radiotherapy and to determine prognostic factors for the subgroups of this prognostic model.


A total of 108 glioblastoma patients treated with radiotherapy between January 1987 and December 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. Recursive partitioning analysis classes III, IV, V and VI included 8, 29, 32 and 39 patients, respectively. These classes were divided into two subgroups: a good prognostic group containing classes III–IV and a poor prognostic group containing classes V–VI. The median radiation dose was 60 Gy. Seventy-five patients received chemotherapy and/or immunotherapy.


The overall survival differed significantly among classes III, IV, V and VI, with median survival times of 34, 15, 11 and 7 months, respectively. Among the good prognostic group, patients with basal ganglia invasion showed poorer survival outcomes than patients without basal ganglia invasion. Among the poor prognostic group, patients with tumor sizes of <5 cm and patients treated with nimustine hydrochloride showed better survival outcomes than those with tumor sizes of ≥5 cm and those without treatment with nimustine hydrochloride, respectively.


This study confirms the prognostic value of the recursive partitioning analysis grouping. Basal ganglia invasion could be a useful predictive factor for survival in the good prognostic group, whereas tumor size and treatment with nimustine hydrochloride could be useful predictive factors in the poor prognostic group.

  S Kouda , M Ohara , M Onodera , Y Fujiue , M Sasaki , T Kohara , S Kashiyama , S Hayashida , T Harino , T Tsuji , H Itaha , N Gotoh , A Matsubara , T Usui and M. Sugai

The aim of this study was to evaluate the dissemination of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-encoding genes among multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates recovered from major hospitals in the Hiroshima region.


During July to December from 2004 to 2006, a surveillance of eight major hospitals in the Hiroshima region identified 387 non-duplicate isolates resistant to imipenem (MIC ≥ 16 mg/L). They were screened for resistance to amikacin (MIC ≥ 64 mg/L) and ciprofloxacin (MIC ≥ 4 mg/L) and MBL-encoding genes. The structure of the variable regions of the integrons was determined using PCR mapping. Clonality was assessed using PFGE and multilocus sequence typing (MLST).


The frequency of MBL-positive isolates in MDR P. aeruginosa isolates significantly increased from 42.3% in 2004 to 81.4% in 2006. Most of the MBL-positive isolates produced IMP-1 followed by VIM-2. The blaIMP-1 and blaVIM-2 genes were present in class 1 integrons. Characterization of the variable regions of the integron showed the presence of six different gene cassette arrays in blaIMP-1 cassettes and a single array in blaVIM-2 cassettes. The IMP-1 producers belonged to two clonal lineages using PFGE and MLST analyses and the integron variations correlated well with the clonal complexes. Among them, strains positive for a newly identified In113-derived blaIMP-1 gene cassette array were most widely distributed in Hiroshima.


This study shows a dramatic increase in MBL genes, primarily blaIMP-1, in MDR P. aeruginosa isolates in Hiroshima during these 3 years. In addition, MDR P. aeruginosa with the newly discovered In113-derived blaIMP-1 gene cassette array appears to be clonally expanding.

  E Kawasaki , F Hokari , M Sasaki , A Sakai , K Koshinaka and K. Kawanaka

Exercise upregulates the expression of NR4A receptors, which are involved in regulation of glucose and fatty acid utilization genes in skeletal muscle. The aims of our study were 1) to determine the role of local contractile activity on NR4A mRNA expression in skeletal muscle during exercise; and 2) to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the induction of NR4A mRNA expression in response to muscle contractile activity. Rats were subjected to an acute 3-h low-intensity swimming or a 3-h low-intensity treadmill running as a model of endurance exercise. Low-intensity swimming increased NR4A1 and NR4A3 mRNA in triceps but not in soleus muscle. Conversely, low-intensity treadmill running increased NR4A1 and NR4A3 mRNA in soleus but not in triceps muscle. NR4A mRNA increased concomitantly with reduced postexercise muscle glycogen, suggesting that gene expression of NR4A receptors occurs in muscles recruited during exercise. Furthermore, in resting rats, an acute 1-h local electrical stimulation of a motor nerve to the tibialis anterior muscle caused increases in NR4A1 and NR4A3 mRNA relative to the contralateral control muscle of the same animals. On the other hand, after 6 h of hindlimb immobilization, NR4A1 and NR4A3 mRNA were reduced in immobilized soleus muscle relative to contralateral control muscle. In addition, both NR4A1 and NR4A3 mRNA in epitrochlearis muscle were increased after 6-h incubation with 0.5 mM 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-d-ribofuranoside, which activates AMP-activated protein kinase. These results suggest that 1) local muscle contractile activity is required for increased expressions of NR4A1 and NR4A3 mRNA during exercise; and 2) muscle contractile activity-induced increases in NR4A1 and NR4A3 mRNA may be mediated by AMPK activation, at least in part.

  H Tamura , M Shibata , M Koike , M Sasaki and Y. Uchiyama

Old and unneeded intracellular macromolecules are delivered through autophagy to lysosomes that degrade macromolecules into bioactive monomers such as amino acids. Autophagy is conserved in eukaryotes and is essential for the maintenance of cellular metabolism. Currently, more than 30 autophagy-related genes (Atgs) have been identified in yeast. Of these genes, the18 that are essential for autophagosome formation are also conserved in mammalian cells. Atg9 is the only transmembrane Atg protein required for autophagosome formation. Although the subcellular localization of the Atg9A protein (Atg9Ap) has been examined, little is known about its precise cell and tissue distribution. To determine this, we produced an antibody specific to mouse Atg9Ap. The antibody recognized both non-glycosylated and glycosylated Atg9Ap, which have molecular masses of ~94 kDa and 105 kDa, respectively. Although Atg9Ap was ubiquitously detected, it was highly expressed in neurons of the central nervous system. In Purkinje cells, Atg9Ap immunoreactivity was localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), trans-Golgi network (TGN), lysosomes/late endosomes, and in axon terminals. These results suggest that Atg9Ap may be involved in autophagosome formation in the ER and axon terminals of neurons, the TGN, and lysosomes/late endosomes. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:443–453, 2010)

  K Sarai , K Shikata , Y Shikata , K Omori , N Watanabe , M Sasaki , S Nishishita , J Wada , N Goda , N Kataoka and H. Makino

Recently, sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) has been highlighted as an endothelial barrier-stabilizing mediator. FTY720 is a S1P analog originally developed as a novel immunosuppressant. The phosphorylated form of FTY720 binds to S1P receptors to exert S1P-like biological effects, suggesting endothelial barrier promotion by FTY720. To elucidate whether FTY720 induces signaling events related to endothelial barrier enhancement under hyperglycemic conditions, human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs) preincubated with hyperglycemic (30 mM) medium were treated with 100 nM FTY720 for 3 h. Immunofluorescent microscopy and coprecipitation study revealed FTY720-induced focal adhesion kinase (FAK)-associated adherens junction (AJ) assembly at cell-cell contacts coincident with formation of a prominent cortical actin ring. FTY720 also induced transmonolayer electrical resistance (TER) augmentation in HMVEC monolayers in both normoglycemic and hyperglycemic conditions, implying endothelial barrier enhancement. Similar to S1P, site-specific FAK tyrosine phosphorylation analysis revealed FTY720-induced FAK [Y576] phosphorylation without phosphorylation of FAK [Y397/Y925]. Furthermore, FTY720 conditioned the phosphorylation profile of FAK [Y397/Y576/Y925] in hyperglycemic medium to the same pattern observed in normoglycemic medium. FTY720 challenge resulted in small GTPase Rac activation under hyperglycemic conditions, whereas increased Rho activity in hyperglycemic medium was restored to the basal level. Rac protein depletion by small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique completely abolished FTY720-induced FAK [Y576] phosphorylation. These findings strongly suggest the barrier protective effect of FTY720 on HMVEC monolayers in hyperglycemic medium via S1P signaling, further implying the possibility of FTY720 as a therapeutic agent of diabetic vascular disorder.

  S Gross , R. A Cairns , M. D Minden , E. M Driggers , M. A Bittinger , H. G Jang , M Sasaki , S Jin , D. P Schenkein , S. M Su , L Dang , V. R Fantin and T. W. Mak

Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1/2), are present in most gliomas and secondary glioblastomas, but are rare in other neoplasms. IDH1/2 mutations are heterozygous, and affect a single arginine residue. Recently, IDH1 mutations were identified in 8% of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients. A glioma study revealed that IDH1 mutations cause a gain-of-function, resulting in the production and accumulation of 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG). Genotyping of 145 AML biopsies identified 11 IDH1 R132 mutant samples. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry metabolite screening revealed increased 2-HG levels in IDH1 R132 mutant cells and sera, and uncovered two IDH2 R172K mutations. IDH1/2 mutations were associated with normal karyotypes. Recombinant IDH1 R132C and IDH2 R172K proteins catalyze the novel nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)–dependent reduction of -ketoglutarate (-KG) to 2-HG. The IDH1 R132C mutation commonly found in AML reduces the affinity for isocitrate, and increases the affinity for NADPH and -KG. This prevents the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to -KG, and facilitates the conversion of -KG to 2-HG. IDH1/2 mutations confer an enzymatic gain of function that dramatically increases 2-HG in AML. This provides an explanation for the heterozygous acquisition of these mutations during tumorigenesis. 2-HG is a tractable metabolic biomarker of mutant IDH1/2 enzyme activity.

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