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Articles by M Noguchi
Total Records ( 2 ) for M Noguchi
  T Ishii Yonemoto , H Masuzaki , S Yasue , S Okada , C Kozuka , T Tanaka , M Noguchi , T Tomita , J Fujikura , Y Yamamoto , K Ebihara , K Hosoda and K. Nakao

Increased expression and activity of the intracellular glucocorticoid-reactivating enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) contribute to dysfunction of adipose tissue. Although the pathophysiological role of 11β-HSD1 in mature adipocytes has long been investigated, its potential role in preadipocytes still remains obscure. The present study demonstrates that the expression of 11β-HSD1 in preadipocyte-rich stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells in fat depots from ob/ob and diet-induced obese mice was markedly elevated compared with lean control. In 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, the level of mRNA and reductase activity of 11β-HSD1 was augmented by TNF-, IL-1β, and LPS, with a concomitant increase in inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), or IL-6 secretion. Pharmacological inhibition of 11β-HSD1 and RNA interference against 11β-HSD1 reduced the mRNA and protein levels of iNOS, MCP-1, and IL-6. In contrast, overexpression of 11β-HSD1 further augmented TNF--induced iNOS, IL-6, and MCP-1 expression. Moreover, 11β-HSD1 inhibitors attenuated TNF--induced phosphorylation of NF-B p65 and p38-, JNK-, and ERK1/2-MAPK. Collectively, the present study provides novel evidence that inflammatory stimuli-induced 11β-HSD1 in activated preadipocytes intensifies NF-B and MAPK signaling pathways and results in further induction of proinflammatory molecules. Not limited to 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, we also demonstrated that the notion was reproducible in the primary SVF cells from obese mice. These findings highlight an unexpected, proinflammatory role of reamplified glucocorticoids within preadipocytes in obese adipose tissue.

  Y Takahashi , S Tsuji , Y Kazuki , M Noguchi , I Arifuku , Y Umebayashi , T Nakanishi , M Oshimura and K. Sato

Bioactive substances in daily food and supplements are expected to prevent various lifestyle-related diseases. Recently, many evaluation systems for bioactive substances were developed with cell lines integrated with green fluorescence protein (GFP) reporter gene. To evaluate osteogensis activity in functional food, we developed a novel cell line that reports osteocalcin gene expression using the human artificial chromosome (HAC) vector. HAC vectors are able to avoid various problems in usual plasmid vector such as difficulty in control of transgene copy number. HAC is transmitted to cells as an independent chromosome from host chromosomes, and expresses transgenes depending on host cell circumstances. We established Chinese hamster ovary cell lines that carried GFP gene regulated by osteocalcin gene promoter on the HAC. Expression of GFP was responded to vitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]. Furthermore, we constructed HAC vector bearing tandem repeats of reporter gene unit, to enhance intensity of gene expression. GFP expression in these reporter cells is related to the copy number of reporter gene units. Using the evaluation system for bioactive substances, we could show osteogenic activity in some fish oils.

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