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Articles by M Mukai
Total Records ( 3 ) for M Mukai
  M Koga , J Murai , H Saito , M Mukai , S Matsumoto and S. Kasayama
  Background

In gastrectomized subjects, oral glucose tolerance test often shows marked hyperglycaemia (oxyhyperglycaemia) after glucose loading. Because serum glycated albumin (GA) has been shown to better reflect postprandial and maximum plasma glucose levels, we investigated whether or not the clinical significance of serum GA and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1C) in non-diabetic gastrectomized subjects differs.

Methods

During health examinations, 62 non-diabetic subjects with a history of gastrectomy and 87 non-diabetic control subjects were selected in the present study. Body mass index (BMI) in the gastrectomy group was significantly lower than in the control group.

Results

Fasting plasma glucose levels were significantly lower in the gastrectomized subjects than in the control subjects. Although both HbA1C and serum GA were significantly higher in the gastrectomized subjects, there was a significant difference in GA/HbA1C ratio between the gastrectomized subjects and the control subjects. BMI-adjusted serum GA, based on our previous finding of inverse influence of BMI on serum GA, was also significantly higher in the gastrectomized subjects than in the controls.

Conclusions

Serum GA is higher relative to HbA1C in gastrectomized subjects. This suggests that serum GA may be a better marker than HbA1C for glycaemic excursion in these subjects.

  M Ishida , S Mikami , E Kikuchi , T Kosaka , A Miyajima , K Nakagawa , M Mukai , Y Okada and M. Oya
 

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and the activation of the AhR pathway are involved in xenobiotic-induced toxicity and carcinogenesis. Although xenobiotics, such as cigarette smoke, contribute to the development of urothelial carcinoma (UC), the relationship between AhR and UC is unclear. In the present study, we investigated AhR expression in 209 patients with upper urinary tract UC. The nuclear expression of AhR was significantly associated with histological grade, pathological T stage, lymphovascular invasion and lymph node involvement. A multivariate Cox analysis revealed that nuclear AhR expression was a significant and independent predictor for disease-specific survival (hazard ratio = 2.469, P = 0.013). To determine whether the AhR pathway can be activated in the T24 UC cell line, we examined the expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 and CYP1B1, which are target genes of the AhR pathway, following exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), a ligand of AhR. TCDD treatment upregulated the expression levels of AhR, CYP1A1 and CYP1B1. TCDD enhanced T24 cell invasion associated with the upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-9. Furthermore, targeting AhR messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in T24 cells with small interfering RNA (siRNA) downregulated the mRNA expression of AhR, CYP1A1, CYP1B1, MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9; furthermore, the cells transfected with siRNA for AhR showed decreased invasion activity in comparison with the cells transfected with a non-targeting siRNA. Our results therefore suggest that AhR plays a role in the invasiveness of UC cells and can serve as a marker for the prognosis of upper urinary tract UC.

  Y Nakai , N Nonomura , A Kawashima , M Mukai , A Nagahara , M Nakayama , H Takayama , K Nishimura and A. Okuyama
  Objective

Non-muscle-invasive high-grade (T1G3) bladder cancers have high potential for progression. The objective of this study is to clarify the clinicopathological factors affecting the outcome of T1G3 bladder cancer.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 60 cases of T1G3 bladder cancer between 1994 and 2006. The correlations of both intravesical recurrence and progression with prognostic factors, such as T stage, history of bladder cancer, multiplicity, concomitant carcinoma in situ, tumor size, intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette–Guérin and intravesical chemotherapy, were evaluated by multivariate analysis with the Cox proportional hazards model.

Results

Median follow-up period was 52 months (4–105 months). Thirty-seven cases of intravesical recurrence (61.7%) were observed during follow-up. Two- and 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were 44.1% and 36.1%, respectively. Tumor multiplicity and instillation of bacillus Calmette–Guérin were significantly correlated with intravesical recurrence on multivariate analysis. Ten cases of progression (16.7%) were observed during the follow-up period. Two- and 5-year progression-free survival rates were 87.7% and 83.4%, respectively. Only tumor multiplicity was significantly correlated with progression on multivariate analysis.

Conclusions

T1G3 cancers with multiple lesions showed high risks of intravesical recurrence and progression. Although bacillus Calmette–Guérin instillation reduced the risk of intravesical recurrence, no effect was observed on disease progression.

 
 
 
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