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Articles by M Misra
Total Records ( 3 ) for M Misra
  Y. W Chiu , I Teitelbaum , M Misra , E. M de Leon , T Adzize and R. Mehrotra
 

Background and objectives: Dialysis patients have a high burden of co-existing diseases, poor health-related quality of life (HR-QOL), and are prescribed many medications. There are no data on daily pill burden and its relationship to HR-QOL and adherence to therapy.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Two hundred and thirty-three prevalent, chronic dialysis patients from three units in different geographic areas in the United States underwent a single, cross-sectional assessment of total daily pill burden and that from phosphate binders. HR-QOL, adherence to phosphate binders, and serum phosphorus levels were the three main outcome measures studied.

Results: The median daily pill burden was 19; in one-quarter of subjects, it exceeded 25 pills/d. Higher pill burden was independently associated with lower physical component summary scale scores on HR-QOL on both univariate and multivariate analyses. Phosphate binders accounted for about one-half of the daily pill burden; 62% of the participants were nonadherent. There was a modest relationship between pill burden from phosphate binders and adherence and serum phosphorus levels; these associations persisted on multivariate analyses. There was no relationship between adherence and serum phosphorus levels.

Conclusions: The daily pill burden in dialysis patients is one of the highest reported to date in any chronic disease state. Higher pill burden is associated with lower HR-QOL. There are many reasons for uncontrolled serum phosphorus levels; increasing the number of prescribed pills does not seem to improve control and may come at the cost of poorer HR-QOL.

  M. A Bredella , P. K Fazeli , K. K Miller , M Misra , M Torriani , B. J Thomas , R. H Ghomi , C. J Rosen and A. Klibanski
 

Context: Although women with anorexia nervosa (AN) have severe depletion of body fat, a paradoxical increase in bone marrow fat has been described. Recent data suggest that marrow fat measured by 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in combination with bone mineral density (BMD) may be more valuable than either parameter alone in detecting bone weakness.

Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of AN on accumulation of marrow fat in spine and femur using 1H-MRS and the relationship between marrow fat, BMD, and body composition in subjects with AN and normal-weight controls.

Design: This was a cross-sectional study.

Setting: The study was conducted at a referral center.

Patients: Patients included 10 women with AN (29.8 ± 7.6 yr) and 10 normal-weight age-matched women (29.2 ± 5.2 yr).

Interventions: There were no interventions.

Main Outcomes Measure: Marrow fat content of the fourth lumbar vertebra and femur measured by 1H-MRS. BMD of spine and hip measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.

Results: Subjects with AN had higher marrow fat at the fourth lumbar vertebra and femur compared with controls (P = 0.004–0.01). There was an inverse correlation between marrow fat of L4 and femur and BMD of the spine and hip (r = –0.56 to –0.71, P = 0.01–0.0002) and body mass index and sc adipose tissue of the thigh (r = –0.49 to –0.71, P = 0.03–0.0007). There was an inverse correlation between femur marrow fat and sc and total abdominal adipose tissue (r = –0.53 to –0.67, P = 0.003–0.03).

Conclusion: Women with AN have greater lumbar and femoral marrow fat than controls, and marrow fat correlates inversely with BMD. This paradoxical increase in marrow fat at a time when sc and visceral fat are markedly reduced raises important questions about functional consequences of this process.

  M Misra , N Greenberg , C Hutchinson , A Brain and N. Glozier
 

Background This study was conducted following the London bombings of 7 July 2005.

Aims To assess the psychological impact of the 2005 London bombings on London Ambulance Service (LAS) personnel, risk factors for the development of psychological ill-health and employee awareness of post incident support.

Methods A total of 525 LAS personnel involved in the bombings, and a control group of uninvolved staff, were sent a questionnaire 2 months after the bombings. Main outcome measures were the presence of probable post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) measured using the Trauma Screening Questionnaire and substantial psychological distress using a tool identical to that used to assess the impact of these bombings on the population of London.

Results Fifty-six per cent of those who responded were involved in the bombings. Overall, including controls, the response rate was 32% (341). Four per cent of respondents reported probable PTSD and 13% reported substantial distress. Probable PTSD was more common in those involved in the bombings (6% overall), those working at the disaster scene and, in particular, at one of the incident locations (where 50% of all probable PTSD cases worked). The majority of staff were aware of the post incident support available and how to access this, particularly if personnel were involved in the bombings.

Conclusions The LAS did not report higher levels of probable PTSD and psychological distress than the rest of the London population; however, those more proximal to the incident were more likely to have been affected in spite of being aware of various staff support measures put in place.

 
 
 
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