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Articles by M Matsuo
Total Records ( 3 ) for M Matsuo
  M Matsuo , H Ebinuma , I Fukamachi , M Jiang , H Bujo and Y. Saito
 

Background: Vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) migrate from the arterial media to the intima in the progression of atherosclerosis, and dysfunction of SMCs leads to enhanced atherogenesis. A soluble form of the LDL receptor relative with 11 ligand-binding repeats (sLR11) is produced by the intimal SMCs, and the circulating concentrations of sLR11 likely reflect the pathophysiological condition of intimal SMCs. Furthermore, polymorphism of the LR11 gene has been found to be related to the onset of Alzheimer disease. This study describes the development of a sandwich immunoassay for quantifying sLR11 in human serum and cerebrospinal fluid.

Methods: We used synthetic peptides or DNA immunization to produce monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) A2-2–3, M3, and R14 against different epitopes of LR11.

Results: sLR11 was immunologically identified as a 250-kDa protein in human serum and cerebrospinal fluid by SDS-PAGE separation, and was purified from serum by use of a receptor-associated protein and MAb M3. An immunoassay for quantification of sLR11 with a working range of 0.25–4.0 µg/L was developed using the combination of MAbs M3 and R14. Treatment of serum with 5.25% n-nonanoyl-N-methyl-d-glucamine reduced the matrix effects of serum on the absorbance detection in the ELISA system. The linear dynamic range of the ELISA spanned the variation of circulating sLR11 concentrations in individuals with atherosclerosis.

Conclusions: A sandwich ELISA was established for quantifying sLR11 in serum and cerebrospinal fluid. This technique provides a novel means for assessing the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, and possibly neurodegenerative diseases.

  Y Fukatsu , T Noguchi , T Hosooka , T Ogura , K Kotani , T Abe , T Shibakusa , K Inoue , M Sakai , K Tobimatsu , K Inagaki , T Yoshioka , M Matsuo , J Nakae , Y Matsuki , R Hiramatsu , K Kaku , H Okamura , T Fushiki and M. Kasuga
 

Physical exercise ameliorates metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity, but the molecular basis of these effects remains elusive. In the present study, we found that exercise up-regulates heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) in skeletal muscle. To address the metabolic consequences of such gain of HB-EGF function, we generated mice that overexpress this protein specifically in muscle. The transgenic animals exhibited a higher respiratory quotient than did wild-type mice during indirect calorimetry, indicative of their selective use of carbohydrate rather than fat as an energy substrate. They also showed substantial increases in glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and glucose uptake by skeletal muscle. These changes were accompanied by increased kinase activity of Akt in skeletal muscle and consequent inhibition of Forkhead box O1-dependent expression of the pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 gene. Furthermore, mice with a high level of transgene expression were largely protected from obesity, hepatic steatosis, and insulin resistance, even when maintained on a high-fat diet. Our results suggest that HB-EGF produced by contracting muscle acts as an insulin sensitizer that facilitates peripheral glucose disposal.

  Y Takaoka , M Ohta , A Takeuchi , K Miura , M Matsuo , T Sakaeda , A Sugano and H. Nishio
 

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) is an endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein that catalyses glucuronidation. Mutant UGT1A1 possesses a different conjugation capacity, and the molecular mechanisms regulating these conjugation reactions are as yet unclear. To elucidate these molecular mechanisms, we simulated and analysed the glucuronidation of wild-type UGT1A1 and six UGT1A1 mutants, with bilirubin as the substrate. We found that only the orientation of the substrates correlated with the conjugation capacity in in vitro experiments. Inasmuch as glucuronidation is an intermolecular rearrangement reaction, we find that the conjugation reaction proceeds only when the hydroxyl group of the substrate is oriented towards the coenzyme, which allows the proton transfer to occur.

 
 
 
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