Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by M Matsuda
Total Records ( 5 ) for M Matsuda
  H Kobayashi , M Matsuda , A Fukuhara , R Komuro and I. Shimomura
 

Oxidative stress plays an important role in obesity-related metabolic diseases. Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) is an antioxidant enzyme downregulated in adipose tissue of obese mice. However, the role of GPX in adipocytes remains elusive. The objective of this study was to clarify the pathophysiological changes in GPX activity and glutathione metabolism and their roles in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in adipocytes. To achieve this goal, we measured cellular GPX activity, glutathione (GSH) contents, GSH/GSSG ratio, and mRNA expression of -glutamylcysteine synthetase (-GCS), a rate-limiting enzyme for de novo GSH synthesis, in adipose tissue of control and ob/ob mice and in 3T3-L1 adipocytes treated with insulin, H2O2, free fatty acid (FFA), or TNF. Furthermore, we investigated the effects of GPX inhibition with a specific GPX inhibitor or RNA interference against GPX, H2O2, and reduced GSH on insulin signaling in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. ob/ob Mice showed not only a decrease in cellular activity of GPXs (GPX1, -4, and -7) but also an increase in -GCS expression, resulting in increased GSH contents in adipose tissue. These alterations in glutathione metabolism were also observed during differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells and their exposure to insulin, FFA, or H2O2. Inhibition of GPX activity, addition of GSH, and H2O2 resulted in impaired insulin signaling in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. These results suggest that decreased GPX activity and increased -GCS expression lead to overaccumulation of GSH, which might be involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in obesity.

  A Elfenbein , J. M Rhodes , J Meller , M. A Schwartz , M Matsuda and M. Simons
 

Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) is a major regulator of developmental, pathological, and therapeutic angiogenesis. Its activity is partially mediated by binding to syndecan 4 (S4), a proteoglycan receptor. Angiogenesis requires polarized activation of the small guanosine triphosphatase Rac1, which involves localized dissociation from RhoGDI1 and association with the plasma membrane. Previous work has shown that genetic deletion of S4 or its adapter, synectin, leads to depolarized Rac activation, decreased endothelial migration, and other physiological defects. In this study, we show that Rac1 activation downstream of S4 is mediated by the RhoG activation pathway. RhoG is maintained in an inactive state by RhoGDI1, which is found in a ternary complex with synectin and S4. Binding of S4 to synectin increases the latter's binding to RhoGDI1, which in turn enhances RhoGDI1's affinity for RhoG. S4 clustering activates PKC, which phosphorylates RhoGDI1 at Ser96. This phosphorylation triggers release of RhoG, leading to polarized activation of Rac1. Thus, FGF2-induced Rac1 activation depends on the suppression of RhoG by a previously uncharacterized ternary S4–synectin–RhoGDI1 protein complex and activation via PKC.

 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility