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Articles by M Liu
Total Records ( 7 ) for M Liu
  Q Wang , M Liu , X Li , L Chen and H. Tang
 

Kazrin has recently been identified as a functional protein that is involved in cell–cell junctions and in signal transduction. Here, we identified a new isoform, Kazrin F, which is 518 aa in length and has 97 aa unique at the N-terminus. Knockdown of Kazrin F using siRNA caused cell apoptosis and a marked decrease in cell viability measured by MTT and TUNEL assays. Co-immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that Kazrin F interacts with ARC (apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain) and Bax (Bcl-2-associated X protein). Co-localization of Kazrin F with ARC and Bax in the cytoplasm was determined by immunofluorescence analysis. These results suggested that Kazrin F might play an important role in regulating cellular apoptosis by interacting with ARC and Bax.

  Z Liu , M Liu , G Niu , Y Cheng and J. Fei
 

Transcriptional repression is as important as transcriptional activation in establishing cell-type specific patterns of gene expression. RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST), also known as neuronal restrictive silencing factor (NRSF), is a transcriptional regulator that represses a battery of neuronal differentiation genes in non-neuronal cells or in neural progenitor cells by binding to a specific DNA sequence (repressor element-1/neuron-restrictive silencer element, RE1/NRSE). REST/NRSF functions in the neuronal development are widely studied, however, little is known about target genes in various non-neuronal lineages that may result in cell differentiation. Here, we use RNA interference (RNAi) technology combined with the microarray strategy to identify potential REST/NRSF targets and RE1/NRSEs in human non-neuronal cell line HEK 293. Expression of 54 genes was up-regulated by inhibition of REST/NRSF in the HEK 293 cells according to the microarray experiment and 13 of those were further confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR. Our results confirmed the good confidence and reliability of current research data based on in silico, chromatin immunoprecipitation in combination with microarrays (ChIP-chip), and high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq). However, in view of the fact that thousands of genes have been testified or predicted to be recognized by REST/NRSF, our data show that only a few genes among those are directly up-regulated by the interaction of REST/NRSF with RE1/NRSEs sites in gene sequences.

  X Fan , Y Liu , J Jiang , Z Ma , H Wu , T Liu , M Liu , X Li and H. Tang
 

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as a class of small regulated RNAs, and the alterations of miRNAs are implicated in the initiation and progression of human cancers. Our study shows that inhibition of miR-20a in OVCAR3 ovarian cancer cell line could suppress, whereas overexpression of miR-20a could enhance cell long-term proliferation and invasion. We also confirmed amyloid precursor protein (APP) as a direct target gene of miR-20a. Furthermore, suppression of APP expression could also promote ovarian cancer cell proliferation and invasion, which is consistent with the results of miR-20a overexpression. Therefore, we concluded that the regulation of APP is an important mechanism for miR-20a to promote proliferation and invasion in ovarian cancer cells.

  J. E Stevens Lapsley , F Ye , M Liu , S. E Borst , C Conover , K. E Yarasheski , G. A Walter , H. L Sweeney and K. Vandenborne
 

Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is a potent myogenic factor that plays a critical role in muscle regeneration and muscle hypertrophy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of IGF-I overexpression on the recovery of muscle size and function during reloading/reambulation after a period of cast immobilization in predominantly fast twitch muscles. In addition, we investigated concomitant molecular responses in IGF-I receptor and binding proteins (BPs). Recombinant adeno-associated virus vector for IGF-I (rAAV-IGF-IA) was injected into the anterior compartment of one of the hindlimbs of young (3 wk) C57BL6 female mice. At 20 wk of age, both hindlimbs were cast immobilized in a shortened position for 2 wk to unload the tibialis anterior (TA) and extensor longus digitorum (EDL) muscles. The TA and EDL muscles were removed bilaterally after 2 wk of cast immobilization and after 1 and 3 wk of free cage reambulation. Increases in IGF-I mRNA and protein levels with IGF-I overexpression were associated with significant increases in muscle wet weight, fiber size, and tetanic force, although overexpression did not protect against cast immobilization-induced muscle atrophy. After 1 wk of reambulation, evidence of enhanced muscle regeneration was noted in IGF-I-overexpressing muscles with an increased prevalence of central nuclei, embryonic myosin, and Pax7 positive fibers. We also observed larger relative gains in muscle size (wet weight and fiber area), but not force, during the 3-wk reambulation period in hindlimb muscles overexpressing IGF-I compared with contralateral control legs. Changes in IGFBP-5 mRNA expression during cast immobilization and reambulation paralleled those of IGF-I, whereas IGFBP-3 expression changed inversely to IGFBP-5.

  M Liu , H Liu and S. C. Dudley
  Rationale:

Pyridine nucleotides regulate the cardiac Na+ current (INa) through generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS).

Objective:

We investigated the source of ROS induced by elevated NADH.

Methods and Results:

In human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells stably expressing the cardiac Na+ channel, the decrease of INa (52±9%; P<0.01) induced by cytosolic NADH application (100 µmol/L) was reversed by mitoTEMPO, rotenone, malonate, DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid), PK11195, and 4'-chlorodiazepam, a specific scavenger of mitochondrial superoxide and inhibitors of the mitochondrial complex I, complex II, voltage-dependent anion channels, and benzodiazepine receptor, respectively. Anti–mycin A (20 µmol/L), a complex III inhibitor known to generate ROS, decreased INa (51±4%, P<0.01). This effect was blocked by NAD+, forskolin, or rotenone. Inhibitors of complex IV, nitric oxide synthase, the NAD(P)H oxidases, xanthine oxidases, the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, and the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channel did not change the NADH effect on INa. Analogous results were observed in cardiomyocytes. Rotenone, mitoTEMPO, and 4'-chlorodiazepam also blocked the mutant A280V GPD1-L (glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1-like) effect on reducing INa, indicating a role for mitochondria in the Brugada syndrome caused by this mutation. Fluorescent microscopy confirmed mitochondrial ROS generation with elevated NADH and ROS inhibition by NAD+.

Conclusions:

Altering the oxidized to reduced NAD(H) balance can activate mitochondrial ROS production, leading to reduced INa. This signaling cascade may help explain the link between altered metabolism, conduction block, and arrhythmic risk.

  Y Gu , X Liang , W Wu , M Liu , S Song , L Cheng , L Bo , C Xiong , X Wang , X Liu , L Peng and K. Yao
 

Context: Hormonal male contraceptive regimens effectively and reversibly suppress sperm production, but there are few large-scale efficacy studies.

Objective: The safety, contraceptive efficacy, reversibility, and feasibility of injectable testosterone undecanoate (TU) in tea seed oil as a hormonal male contraceptive was assessed.

Design: This was a multicenter, phase III, contraceptive efficacy clinical trial.

Participants: A total of 1045 healthy fertile Chinese men were recruited throughout China into the study.

Intervention(s): Injections of 500 mg TU were administered monthly for 30 months. A definition of severe oligozoospermia (≤1 x 106/ml) was used as a criterion of spermatogenic suppression and as the threshold for entering the contraceptive efficacy phase.

Main Outcome Measure(s): The primary outcome was pregnancy rate in the partner. Other outcomes include: semen parameters, testis volumes, reproductive hormone levels, and safety laboratory tests.

Results: Forty-three participants (4.8%) did not achieve azoospermia or severe oligozoospermia within the 6-month suppression phase. A total of 855 participants entered into the efficacy phase, and 733 participants completed monthly TU treatment and follow-up. There were nine pregnancies in 1554.1 person-years of exposure in the 24-month efficacy phase for a cumulative contraceptive failure rate of 1.1 per 100 men. The combined method failure rate was 6.1%, comprising 4.8% with inadequate suppression and 1.3% with postsuppression sperm rebound. No serious adverse events were reported. Spermatogenesis returned to the normal fertile reference range in all but two participants.

Conclusions: Monthly injection of 500 mg TU provides safe, effective, reversible, and reliable contraception in a high proportion of healthy fertile Chinese men.

  Y. C Han , C. Y Park , G Bhagat , J Zhang , Y Wang , J. B Fan , M Liu , Y Zou , I. L Weissman and H. Gu
 

The function of microRNAs (miRNAs) in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), committed progenitors, and leukemia stem cells (LSCs) is poorly understood. We show that miR-29a is highly expressed in HSC and down-regulated in hematopoietic progenitors. Ectopic expression of miR-29a in mouse HSC/progenitors results in acquisition of self-renewal capacity by myeloid progenitors, biased myeloid differentiation, and the development of a myeloproliferative disorder that progresses to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). miR-29a promotes progenitor proliferation by expediting G1 to S/G2 cell cycle transitions. miR-29a is overexpressed in human AML and, like human LSC, miR-29a-expressing myeloid progenitors serially transplant AML. Our data indicate that miR-29a regulates early hematopoiesis and suggest that miR-29a initiates AML by converting myeloid progenitors into self-renewing LSC.

 
 
 
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