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Articles by M Ishii
Total Records ( 3 ) for M Ishii
  K Kondo , R Shibata , K Unno , M Shimano , M Ishii , T Kito , S Shintani , K Walsh , N Ouchi and T. Murohara
 

Background— Adiponectin plays a protective role in the development of obesity-linked disorders. We demonstrated that adiponectin exerts beneficial actions on acute ischemic injury in mice hearts. However, the effects of adiponectin treatment in large animals and its feasibility in clinical practice have not been investigated. This study investigated the effects of intracoronary administration of adiponectin on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in pigs.

Methods and Results— The left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in pigs for 45 minutes and then reperfused for 24 hours. Recombinant adiponectin protein was given as a bolus intracoronary injection during ischemia. Cardiac functional parameters were measured by a manometer-tipped catheter. Apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling staining. Tumor necrosis factor- and interleukin-10 transcripts were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Serum levels of derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites and biological antioxidant potential were measured. Adiponectin protein was determined by immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses. Intracoronary administration of adiponectin protein led to a reduction in myocardial infarct size and improvement of left ventricular function in pigs after I/R. Injected adiponectin protein accumulated in the I/R-injured heart. Adiponectin treatment resulted in decreased tumor necrosis factor- and increased interleukin-10 mRNA levels in the myocardium after I/R. Adiponectin-treated pigs had reduced apoptotic activity in the I/R-injured heart and showed increased biological antioxidant potential levels and decreased derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolite levels in the blood stream after I/R.

Conclusions— These data suggest that adiponectin protects against I/R injury in a preclinical pig model through its ability to suppress inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress. Administration of intracoronary adiponectin could be a useful adjunctive therapy for acute myocardial infarction.

  T Isada , A Kuwata , H Saito , T Ono , M Ishii , H Yoshikawa Inoue and K. Suzuki
 

Diel and seasonal changes in the photosynthetic physiology of phytoplankton and primary productivity were investigated during 2005, together with community composition in the Oyashio (OY) and Kuroshio–Oyashio transition (TR) regions of the northwest Pacific. In both regions, diel changes in the maximum photosynthetic rate (P*max) and the light saturation index (Ek) in the photosynthesis–irradiance (P–E) curve were observed, due to diel differences in photo-physiology. In the OY region, the highest values of chlorophyll a concentration, depth-integrated primary production and the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation in photosynthesis (c max) were observed in May when diatom blooms occurred. Furthermore, a higher water-column light utilization efficiency () of photosynthesis for phytoplankton was found in the OY region in both May and September. In contrast, in the TR and warm-core ring regions, c max was nearly constant, while depth-integrated primary production in May was significantly lower than in the OY region. These results show that the spring phytoplankton assemblages in OY waters had a higher light utilization ability during photosynthesis. Such a high photosynthetic property would contribute to the highest seasonal biological drawdown of surface pCO2 among the world's oceans (Takahashi, T., Sutherland, S. C., Sweeney, C. et al. (2002) Global sea–air CO2 flux based on climatological surface ocean pCO2, and seasonal biological and temperature effects. Deep-Sea Res. II, 49, 1601–1622).

  M Ishii , H Inoshita , G Kusaba , S Hagiwara , H Suzuki , M Aizawa , I Ohsawa , H Ohi , Y Eishi , S Horikoshi and Y. Tomino
 

A 49-year-old man with pulmonary sarcoidosis was admitted to our hospital because of nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsy revealed membranous nephropathy and granulomatous interstitial nephritis. DNA and cell membrane constituents of Propionibacterium acnes were detected in the patient’s glomeruli and tubular epithelial cells. Treatment with corticosteroids and an antimicrobial agent resulted in remission of the nephrotic syndrome. This is the second case in which components of P. acnes were found in renal tissue, suggesting latent pathogenesis of P. acnes infection in renal sarcoidosis.

 
 
 
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