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Articles by M Imamura
Total Records ( 3 ) for M Imamura
  M Kuroda Morimoto , H Tanaka , N Hayashi , M Nakahira , Y Imai , M Imamura , K Yasuda , S Yumikura Futatsugi , K Matsui , T Nakashima , K Sugimura , H Tsutsui , H Sano and K. Nakanishi
 

We previously reported that intranasal challenge with ovalbumin (OVA) plus IL-18 induces airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and eosinophilic airway inflammation in mice with OVA-specific Th1 cells. These two conditions can be prevented by neutralizing anti-IFN- and anti-IL-13 antibodies, respectively. The mice develop AHR and eosinophilic airway inflammation after challenge with OVA plus LPS instead of IL-18 and endogenous IL-18 is known to be involved. In contrast, IL-18 does not facilitate these changes in mice possessing OVA-specific Th2 cells. Here, we investigated whether IL-18 is involved in the development of asthma in mice immunized and challenged with bacterial proteins. Upon intranasal exposure to protein A (SpA) derived from Staphylococcus aureus, mice immunized with SpA exhibited AHR and peribronchial eosinophilic inflammation if IFN- or IL-13 were present, respectively. The CD4+ T cells from draining lymph nodes (DLNs) of the SpA-immunized and -challenged mice produced a robust IFN- and IL-13 in response to immobilized anti-CD3 antibodies. Treatment with neutralizing anti-IL-18 antibodies prevented asthmatic inflammation concomitant with their impaired potential to express IFN- and IL-13. Furthermore, naive mice that received the CD4+ T cells from DLNs of SpA-immunized mice developed airway inflammation depending upon the presence of IL-18. Immunodeficient mice that received human PBMCs, which had been stimulated with SpA in vitro, developed dense peribronchial accumulation of human CD4+ T cells upon SpA challenge. Neutralizing anti-human IL-18 antibodies protected against this airway inflammation. These results suggest the importance of IL-18 for the development of asthmatic inflammation associated with airway exposure to bacterial proteins.

  E Ito , S Obayashi , A Nagai , M Imamura and H. Azuma
 

There has been little information demonstrating the roles of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH), which is the hydrolyzing enzyme of endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors and, in turn, modulates the intracellular concentrations of NOS inhibitors, in the myometrium during the course of pregnancy. Therefore, the present experiments were designed to investigate whether or not DDAH activity, protein and mRNA expression levels are altered during gestation of the rat and, if altered, those changes reflect on the levels of endogenous inhibitors and endothelin-1 (ET-1), and NO-dependent cyclic GMP generation in the myometrium. The up-regulated changes in DDAH activity, DDAH-2 protein and DDAH-2 mRNA expression at mid-gestation were accompanied by the reduced monomethylarginine and asymmetric dimethylarginine as NOS inhibitors, and ET-1 levels, and by the enhanced NO-dependent cyclic GMP production. At term gestation, on the other hand, down-regulated changes in DDAH activity, DDAH-2 protein and DDAH-2 mRNA expression were accompanied by the increased NOS inhibitors and ET-1 levels, and decreased NO-dependent cyclic GMP generation. These results suggest that alterations in DDAH/NOS inhibitors/NO-dependent cyclic GMP/ET-1 pathway are possibly involved in maintaining myometrial quiescence during gestation and controlling delivery at term.

  M Imamura , A. M Dossey , P Prodhan , M Schmitz , E Frazier , U Dyamenahalli , A Bhutta , W. R Morrow and R. D.B. Jaquiss
  Background

For small children requiring mechanical circulatory support as a bridge to transplantation (BTT), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been the only option until the recent introduction of the Berlin Heart EXCOR ventricular assist device (Berlin Heart AG, Berlin, Germany). We reviewed our recent experience with these two technologies with particular focus on early outcomes.

Methods

Data for 55 consecutive children undergoing BTT between 2001 and 2008 were abstracted from an institutional database. The analysis excluded 13 patients because EXCOR was not used for acute postcardiotomy BTT. Patients were divided into ECMO (n = 21) and EXCOR groups (n = 21). Specific end points included survival to transplant, overall survival, and bridge to recovery. Incidences of adverse events and the duration of support were determined.

Results

Groups were similar in weight, age, and etiologies of heart failure. Likewise, the incidences of stroke and multisystem organ failure were similar. Survival to transplant, recovery, or continued support was 57% in ECMO and 86% in EXCOR (p = 0.040). EXCOR patients had overall significantly better survival (p = 0.049). Two ECMO patients and 1 EXOR patient were bridged to recovery. The mean duration of support was 15 ± 12 days in the ECMO group and 42 ± 43 days in the EXCOR group (p < 0.001).

Conclusions

In children requiring BTT, EXCOR provided substantially longer support times than ECMO, without significant increase in the rates of stroke or multisystem organ failure. Survival to transplant and long-term survival was higher with EXCOR.

 
 
 
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