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Articles by M Hosoda
Total Records ( 5 ) for M Hosoda
  Y Yasuoka , A Sorimachi , T Ishikawa , M Hosoda , S Tokonami , N Fukuhori and M. Janik
 

It was shown that radon and thoron concentrations exhaled from soil were separately measured using the AlphaGUARD and liquid scintillation counter (LSC) methods. The thoron concentrations from the RAD 7 were used to create the conversion equation to calculate thoron levels with the AlphaGUARD. However, the conversion factor was found to depend on the air flow rate. When air containing thoron of ~60 kBq m–3 was fed to the scintillation cocktail, thoron and thoron progeny could not be measured with the LSC method. The radon concentration of about 10 kBq m–3 was measured with three methods, first with the LSC method and then with two AlphaGUARDs (one in the diffusion mode and the other in the flow mode (0.5 l min–1)). There were no significant differences between these results. Finally, it was shown that the radon and thoron concentrations in air could be measured with the AlphaGUARD and LSC methods.

  S. K Sahoo , T Ishikawa , S Tokonami , A Sorimachi , C Kranrod , M Janik , M Hosoda , N. M Hassan , S Chanyotha , V. K Parami , H Yonehara and R. C. Ramola
 

Several industrial processes are known to enrich naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). To assess such processes with respect to their radiological relevance, characteristic parameters describing this enrichment will lead to interesting information useful to UNSCEAR. In case of mineral treatment plants, the high temperatures used in smelting and refining processes lead to high concentrations of 238U and 232Th. Also due to thermal power combustion, concentration of U and Th in the fly ash increases manifold. NORM samples were collected from a Thailand mineral treatment plant and Philippine coal-fired thermal power plants for investigation. Some studies are initiated from a high background radiation area near Gopalpur of Orissa state in India. These NORM samples were analysed by gamma-ray spectrometry as well as inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The radioactivity in case of Orissa soil samples is found to be mainly contributed from thorium. This study attempts to evaluate levels of thorium activity in NORM samples.

  M Hosoda , S Tokonami , A Sorimachi , T Ishikawa , S. K Sahoo , M Furukawa , Y Shiroma , Y Yasuoka , M Janik , N Kavasi , S Uchida and M. Shimo
 

Field measurements of thoron exhalation rates have been carried out using a ZnS(Ag) scintillation detector with an accumulation chamber. The influence of soil surface temperature and moisture saturation on the thoron exhalation rate was observed. When the variation of moisture saturation was small, the soil surface temperature appeared to induce a strong effect on the thoron exhalation rate. On the other hand, when the variation of moisture saturation was large, the influence of moisture saturation appeared to be larger than the soil surface temperature. The number of data ranged over 405, and the median was estimated to be 0.79 Bq m–2 s–1. Dependence of geology on the thoron exhalation rate from the soil surface was obviously found, and a nationwide distribution map of the thoron exhalation rate from the soil surface was drawn by using these data. It was generally high in the southwest region than in the northeast region.

  Y Shiroma , N Isa , M Hosoda , A Sorimachi , T Ishikawa , S Tokonami and M. Furukawa
 

Thoron exhalation rates from the ground surface were measured at 57 sites on Okinawa Island, Japan, using a ZnS(Ag) scintillation detector equipped with photomultiplier. The arithmetic means ± SD, median ± SD, minimum and maximum of the rates (unit: Bq m–2 s–1) were estimated to be 1.9 ± 1.4, 1.6 ± 0.3, 0.04 and 6.2, respectively. The soils distributed on the island are generally classified into dark red soils, residual regosols, as well as red and yellow soils. While it was assumed that the soils were originated from the bedrock, recent studies suggested that the main material of dark red soils is the East Asian eolian dust. In the dark red soils area, the exhalation rate is relatively higher than that in the other areas. This suggested that the eolian dust was an enhancer for the environmental thoron concentration on Okinawa Island.

  M Shimo , Y Ishimori , M Hosoda and S. Tokonami
 

Thoron exhalation rates were measured with a newly made portable instrument at 33 areas in 7 prefectures of Japan. Thoron exhalation rates ranged from 49 to 4890 mBq m–2 s–1. Radon exhalation rates were also measured in many of the areas at the same time and ranged from 2.1 to 11 mBq m–2 s–1. Thoron exhalation rates showed a rough correlation with radon exhalation rates. Both exhalation rates also showed a rough correlation with geological features.

 
 
 
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