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Articles by M Hayakawa
Total Records ( 2 ) for M Hayakawa
  A Sawamura , S Gando , M Hayakawa , H Hoshino , N Kubota and M. Sugano

A study was conducted to test the hypotheses that antithrombin III (antithrombin) improves disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) when applied to DIC patients diagnosed by sensitive criteria and that the administration of high-dose antithrombin is a beneficial treatment for DIC. Twenty-three DIC patients diagnosed based on the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM) DIC diagnostic criteria were treated with either high-dose (60 IU/kg/day) or low-dose (30 IU/kg/day) antithrombin concentrates for 3 days. The clinical conditions that cause DIC were restricted to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis. Data of antithrombin activity, platelet counts, coagulation and fibrinolytic markers, and DIC scores before antithrombin administration (day 0), on days 1 to 3, and on day 7 were retrospectively collected from computer-based records. Patients who met the JAAM DIC criteria were administered either high-dose (12 patients) or low-dose (11 patients) antithrombin. The patients’ backgrounds and antithrombin activity (high dose, 51.5 ± 14.5%; low dose, 62.6 ± 19.3%; P = .153) on day 0 were identical in the 2 groups. The JAAM DIC score and prothrombin time ratio on day 7 significantly improved when compared with those on day 0. However, mortality at 28 days as well as interaction within the antithrombin doses administered showed no difference. There were also no differences in the time course of the platelet counts, coagulation and fibrinolytic markers, and DIC scores in the 2 groups. The authors conclude that the effects of antithrombin on prognosis and coagulation and fibrinolytic parameters are independent of the doses administered in patients with SIRS/sepsis-associated DIC.

  K Ito , H Yoshii , J Asakuma , A Sato , A Horiguchi , M Sumitomo , M Hayakawa and T. Asano

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with a high-nucleolar-grade component is considered to be an aggressive type of tumor. In the present study, we evaluated the impact of the presence of the worst-nucleolar-grade component and also tried to determine predictors for recurrence and prognosis in patients with the worst grade component.


We evaluated 314 patients with RCC. A three-graded system was used for nucleolar grading, the patients were classified into four groups according to the presence of the worst nucleolar grade (Grade 3) and the occupancy of each grade, and clinicopathological factors and clinical outcomes were compared. In patients of Grade 3 components (Groups 1 and 2), factors influencing on prognosis and recurrence were evaluated by multivariate analysis.


There was no significant difference in clinicopathological factors between Group 1 (with Grade 3-dominant tumors) and Group 2 (with tumors in which Grade 1 or 2 was dominant and there were Grade 3 components). Neither did cause-specific survival or recurrence-free survival differ significantly between those two groups. In multivariate analysis, only distant metastasis was an independent predictor for prognosis in all patients with Grade 3 components. Moreover, an elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) level (≥1 mg/dl) was the only independent predictor of recurrence in N0M0 patients.


Regardless of dominancy, the presence of the worst grade component has a significant clinical impact in RCC patients. N0M0 patients whose RCC has worst-grade components but whose CRP levels are <1 are expected to have longer recurrence-free intervals and to survive longer than those whose CRP levels are higher.

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