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Articles by M Guo
Total Records ( 2 ) for M Guo
  X. Y Zhao , T. T Chen , L Xia , M Guo , Y Xu , F Yue , Y Jiang , G. Q Chen and K. W. Zhao
 

The expression of galectin-1, one of the most important lectins participating in the malignant tumor development, has been shown to be regulated by hypoxia, but its exact mechanism remains elusive. Here, we find that ectopically expressed hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1 protein, an oxygen-sensitive subunit of HIF-1 that is a master factor for cellular response to hypoxia, significantly increases galectin-1 expression in both messenger RNA and protein levels in all four colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines tested. However, hypoxia-induced galectin-1 expression cannot be seen in sentrin/SUMO-specific protease 1 homozygous-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts that fail to accumulate HIF-1 protein. Furthermore, silence of HIF-1 or HIF-1β expression by specific short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) antagonizes hypoxia-induced galectin-1 expression. All these results propose that galectin-1 is a direct target of transcriptional factor HIF-1. Applying luciferase reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation, we identify that two hypoxia-responsive elements located at –441 to –423 bp upstream to transcriptional start site of galectin-1 gene are essential for HIF-1-mediated galectin-1 expression. Finally, the knockdown of galectin-1 by its specific shRNA can significantly reduce hypoxia-induced invasion and migration of CRC cell line, and the ectopic expression of galectin-1 can remarkably restore invasion and migration abilities of HIF-1-knocked SW620 cells, proposing that galectin-1 mediates the HIF-1-induced migration and invasion of CRC cells during hypoxia. Taken together, our results shed new light for understanding mechanism for hypoxia/HIF-1-mediated migration/invasion of CRC cells.

  M Guo , H Feng , J Zhang , W Wang , Y Wang , Y Li , C Gao , H Chen , Y Feng and Z. G. He
 

Sequence-specific DNA-binding transcription factors have widespread biological significance in the regulation of gene expression. However, in lower prokaryotes and eukaryotic metazoans, it is usually difficult to find transcription regulatory factors that recognize specific target promoters. To address this, we have developed in this study a new bacterial one-hybrid reporter vector system that provides a convenient and rapid strategy to determine the specific interaction between target DNA sequences and their transcription factors. Using this system, we have successfully determined the DNA-binding specificity of the transcription regulator Rv3133c to a previously reported promoter region of the gene Rv2031 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In addition, we have tested more than 20 promoter regions of M. tuberculosis genes using this approach to determine if they interact with ~150 putative regulatory proteins. A variety of transcription factors are found to participate in the regulation of stress response and fatty acid metabolism, both of which comprise the core of in vivo-induced genes when M. tuberculosis invades macrophages. Interestingly, among the many new discovered potential transcription factors, the WhiB-like transcriptional factor WhiB3 was identified for the first time to bind with the promoter sequences of most in vivo-induced genes. Therefore, this study offers important data in the dissection of the transcription regulations in M. tuberculosis, and the strategy should be applicable in the study of DNA-binding factors in a wide range of biological organisms.

 
 
 
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