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Articles by M Gillen
Total Records ( 2 ) for M Gillen
  M Gillen and H. Kim
 

Older single women are disproportionately vulnerable to poverty. Using data from the 2002 and 2004 waves of the Health and Retirement Study of 5,799 women age 65 or older, this study investigated the effect of change in income sources by recent spousal loss on poverty transition. The focus is on (a) the effect of widowhood on income source change and (b) how such change affects poverty transition of recently widowed older women. Findings indicate that widowhood greatly decreases income from every source. Specifically, a $10 increase in social security benefits decreased the probability of poverty transition for recently widowed older women by 67.2%. These findings call for reconsidering social security survivor benefit rules and women's education with regard to financial security in retirement.

  M Gillen , M. G Cisternas , I. H Yen , L Swig , R Rugulies , J Frank and P. D. Blanc
 

Background Hospital workers are at high risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs), but outcomes following such injuries have not been well studied longitudinally.

Aims To ascertain functional recovery in hospital workers following incident WRMSDs and identify predictors of functional status.

Methods Cases (incident WRMSD) and matched referents from two hospitals were studied at baseline and at 2 year follow-up for health status [SF-12 physical component summary (PCS)], lost workdays, self-rated work effectiveness and work status change (job change or work cessation). Predictors included WRMSD and baseline demographics, socio-economic status (SES), job-related strain and effort–reward imbalance. Logistic regression analysis tested longitudinal predictors of adverse functional status.

Results The WRMSD-associated risk of poor (lowest quartile) PCS was attenuated from a baseline odds ratio (OR) of 5.2 [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.5–7.5] to a follow-up OR of 1.5 (95% CI 1.0–2.3) and was reduced further in multivariate modelling (OR = 1.4; 95% CI 0.9–2.2). At follow-up, WRMSD status did not predict significantly increased likelihood of lost workdays, decreased effectiveness or work status change. In multivariate modelling, lowest quintile SES predicted poor PCS (OR = 2.0; 95% CI 1.0–4.0) and work status change (OR = 2.5; 95% CI 1.1–5.8). High combined baseline job strain/effort–reward imbalance predicted poor PCS (OR = 1.7; 95% CI 1.1–2.7) and reduced work effectiveness (OR = 2.6; 95% CI 1.6–4.2) at follow-up.

Conclusions Baseline functional deficits associated with incident WRMSDs were largely resolved by 2 year follow-up. Nonetheless, lower SES and higher combined job strain/effort–reward imbalance predicted adverse outcomes, controlling for WRMSDs.

 
 
 
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