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Articles by M Daly
Total Records ( 2 ) for M Daly
  A Bellacosa , A. K Godwin , S Peri , K Devarajan , E Caretti , L Vanderveer , B Bove , C Slater , Y Zhou , M Daly , S Howard , K. S Campbell , E Nicolas , A. T Yeung , M. L Clapper , J. A Crowell , H. T Lynch , E Ross , L Kopelovich and A. G. Knudson
 

We hypothesized that cells bearing a single inherited "hit" in a tumor suppressor gene express an altered mRNA repertoire that may identify targets for measures that could delay or even prevent progression to carcinoma. We report here on the transcriptomes of primary breast and ovarian epithelial cells cultured from BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers and controls. Our comparison analyses identified multiple changes in gene expression, in both tissues for both mutations, which were validated independently by real-time reverse transcription-PCR analysis. Several of the differentially expressed genes had been previously proposed as cancer markers, including mammaglobin in breast cancer and serum amyloid in ovarian cancer. These findings show that heterozygosity for a mutant tumor suppressor gene can alter the expression profiles of phenotypically normal epithelial cells in a gene-specific manner; these detectable effects of "one hit" represent early molecular changes in tumorigenesis that may serve as novel biomarkers of cancer risk and as targets for chemoprevention. Cancer Prev Res; 3(1); 48–61

  I Surakka , K Kristiansson , V Anttila , M Inouye , C Barnes , L Moutsianas , V Salomaa , M Daly , A Palotie , L Peltonen and S. Ripatti
 

The combining of genome-wide association (GWA) data across populations represents a major challenge for massive global meta-analyses. Genotype imputation using densely genotyped reference samples facilitates the combination of data across different genotyping platforms. HapMap data is typically used as a reference for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) imputation and tagging copy number polymorphisms (CNPs). However, the advantage of having population-specific reference panels for founder populations has not been evaluated. We looked at the properties and impact of adding 81 individuals from a founder population to HapMap3 reference data on imputation quality, CNP tagging, and power to detect association in simulations and in an independent cohort of 2138 individuals. The gain in SNP imputation accuracy was highest among low-frequency markers (minor allele frequency [MAF] < 5%), for which adding the population-specific samples to the reference set increased the median R2 between imputed and genotyped SNPs from 0.90 to 0.94. Accuracy also increased in regions with high recombination rates. Similarly, a reference set with population-specific extension facilitated the identification of better tag-SNPs for a subset of CNPs; for 4% of CNPs the R2 between SNP genotypes and CNP intensity in the independent population cohort was at least twice as high as without the extension. We conclude that even a relatively small population-specific reference set yields considerable benefits in SNP imputation, CNP tagging accuracy, and the power to detect associations in founder populations and population isolates in particular.

 
 
 
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