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Articles by M Chonchol
Total Records ( 2 ) for M Chonchol
  R Deo , N Sotoodehnia , R Katz , M. J Sarnak , L. F Fried , M Chonchol , B Kestenbaum , B. M Psaty , D. S Siscovick and M. G. Shlipak
 

Background— Recent studies have demonstrated an association between moderate kidney dysfunction and sudden cardiac death in people with cardiovascular disease.

Methods and Results— The study was a longitudinal analysis among 4465 participants from the Cardiovascular Health Study without prevalent cardiovascular disease at baseline. Cystatin C and creatinine were measured from baseline sera. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) was defined as a sudden pulseless condition from a cardiac origin in a previously stable individual that occurred out of the hospital or in the emergency room. The association between cystatin C tertiles and SCD was determined with multivariate Cox proportional hazards. A similar analysis compared SCD incidence across creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) tertiles. Over a median follow-up of 11.2 years, 91 adjudicated SCD events occurred. The annual incidence of SCD events increased across cystatin C tertiles: 10 events per 10 000 person years in tertile 1, 25 events per 10 000 person years in tertile 2, and 32 events per 10 000 person-years in the highest cystatin C tertile. These associations persisted after multivariate adjustment: hazards ratio=2.72; 95% confidence interval, 1.44 to 5.16 in tertile 2 and hazards ratio=2.67; 95% confidence interval, 1.33 to 5.35 in tertile 3. After multivariate adjustment, the rate of SCD also increased in a linear distribution across creatinine-based eGFR tertiles: 15 events per 10 000 person-years in tertile 1, 22 events per 10 000 person-years in tertile 2, and 27 events per 10 000 person-years in tertile 3. No significant associations, however, remained between creatinine-based eGFR and SCD after multivariable adjustment.

Conclusions— Impaired kidney function, as measured by cystatin C, has an independent association with SCD risk among elderly persons without clinical cardiovascular disease.

  J. P van Kuijk , W. J Flu , M Chonchol , S. E Hoeks , T. A Winkel , H. J. M Verhagen , J. J Bax and D. Poldermans
 

Background and objectives: Acute kidney injury is an independent predictor of short- and long-term survival; however, data on the relationship between reversible transitory decline of kidney function and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are lacking. We assessed the prognostic value of temporary renal function decline on the development of long-term CKD.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: The study included 1308 patients who were undergoing major vascular surgery (aortic aneurysm repair, lower extremity revascularization, or carotid surgery), divided into three groups on the basis of changes in Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) estimated GFR (eGFR) on days 1, 2, and 3 after surgery, compared with baseline: Group 1, improved or unchanged (change in CKD-EPI eGFR ±10%); group 2, temporary decline (decline >10% at day 1 or 2, followed by complete recovery within 10% to baseline at day 3); and group 3, persistent decline (>10% decrease). Primary end point was the development of incident CKD during a median follow-up of 5 years.

Results: Perioperative renal function was classified as unchanged, temporary decline, and persistent decline in 739 (57%), 294 (22%), and 275 (21%) patients, respectively. During follow-up, 272 (21%) patients developed CKD. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, temporary and persistent declines in renal function both were independent predictors of long-term CKD, compared with unchanged renal function.

Conclusion: Vascular surgery patients have a high incidence of temporary and persistent perioperative renal function declines, both of which were independent predictors for development of long-term incident CKD.

 
 
 
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