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Articles by Lucie Durand-Gasselin
Total Records ( 2 ) for Lucie Durand-Gasselin
  Lucie Durand-Gasselin , Alain Pruvost , Axelle Dehee , Genevieve Vaudre , Marie -Dominique Tabone , Jacques Grassi , Guy Leverger , Antoine Garbarg-Chenon , Henri Benech and Catherine Dollfus
  Newborns from human immunodeficiency virus-infected mothers are given antiretroviral prophylaxis against mother-to-child transmission, including predominantly nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Pharmacological monitoring of these drugs in newborns has so far been limited to plasma and cord blood. In this study, samples from newborns (up to 45 days old) treated with zidovudine (AZT) alone (n = 29) or in combination with lamivudine (3TC) (n = 20) were analyzed for both intracellular concentrations of phosphate metabolites in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and levels of parent drugs in plasma. Plasma AZT and intracellular AZT-monophosphate and AZT-triphosphate (TP) concentrations were significantly higher during the first 15 days of life (199 versus 52.7 ng/ml [P < 0.0001], 732 versus 282 fmol/106 cells [P < 0.0001], and 170 versus 65.1 fmol/106 cells [P < 0.0001], respectively) and then became comparable to those of adults. No difference in intracellular AZT metabolite concentrations was found when AZT- and AZT-3TC-treated groups were compared. Plasma 3TC levels (lower limit of quantification [LLOQ], 1,157 ng/ml; median, 412.5 ng/ml) were not associated with the newborn’s age, gender, or weight. Intracellular 3TC-TP concentrations (LLOQ, 40.4 pmol/106 cells; median, 18.9 pmol/106 cells) determined for newborns receiving the AZT-3TC combination were associated with neither the age nor weight of the newborns. Concentrations in females were significantly higher (1.8-fold [P = 0.0415]) than those in males. Unexpectedly, newborns on AZT monotherapy whose mothers’ treatment included 3TC displayed residual plasma 3TC and intracellular 3TC-TP levels up to 1 week after birth.
  Koen K. A. Van Rompay , Lucie Durand-Gasselin , Laurie L. Brignolo , Adrian S. Ray , Kristina Abelc , Tomas Cihlar , Abigail Spinner , Christopher Jerome , Joseph Moore , Brian P. Kearney , Marta L. Marthas , Hans Reiser and Norbert Bischofberger
  The reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitor tenofovir (TFV) is highly effective in the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) macaque model of human immunodeficiency virus infection. The current report describes extended safety and efficacy data on 32 animals that received prolonged (≥1- to 13-year) daily subcutaneous TFV regimens. The likelihood of renal toxicity (proximal renal tubular dysfunction [PRTD]) correlated with plasma drug concentrations, which depended on the dosage regimen and age-related changes in drug clearance. Below a threshold area under the concentration-time curve for TFV in plasma of ~10 µg·h/ml, an exposure severalfold higher than that observed in humans treated orally with 300 mg TFV disoproxil fumarate (TDF), prolonged TFV administration was not associated with PRTD based on urinalysis, serum chemistry analyses, bone mineral density, and clinical observations. At low-dose maintenance regimens, plasma TFV concentrations and intracellular TFV diphosphate concentrations were similar to or slightly higher than those observed in TDF-treated humans. No new toxicities were identified. The available evidence does not suggest teratogenic effects of prolonged low-dose TFV treatment; by the age of 10 years, one macaque, on TFV treatment since birth, had produced three offspring that were healthy by all criteria up to the age of 5 years. Despite the presence of viral variants with a lysine-to-arginine substitution at codon 65 (K65R) of RT in all 28 SIV-infected animals, 6 animals suppressed viremia to undetectable levels for as long as 12 years of TFV monotherapy. In conclusion, these findings illustrate the safety and sustained benefits of prolonged TFV-containing regimens throughout development from infancy to adulthood, including pregnancy.
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