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Articles by Lubna Mahmood
Total Records ( 2 ) for Lubna Mahmood
  Ghazi Daradkeh , Musthafa Mohamed Essa , S. Samir Al-Adawi , Selvaraju Subash , Lubna Mahmood and Parvathy R. Kumar
  Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has been considered as a serious public health problem. Each year, traumatic brain injuries are contributing to a substantial number of cases of permanent disability and deaths and it can be classified according to the severity into penetrating and closed head injury. Symptoms, beside to be unconscious can be defined as vomiting, nausea, headache, dizziness, lack of motor coordination, difficulty in balancing, blurred vision and lightheadedness, bad taste in the mouth, ringing in the ears, fatigue and lethargy as well as changes in sleep patterns. The brain is known to be the functional regulator for all the metabolic activities inside the body and TBI patients mostly have a complex metabolic alterations including aberrant cellular metabolism, abnormal metabolic processes, changes in hormones functions and inflammatory cascade. The TBI patient’s status needed to be assessed medically and nutritionally since the medical status of the patients can affect the nutrition part. Data from the four assessment tools are needed to be correctly used and interpreted in order to make a proper nutritional diagnosis, clinical assessment, biochemistry as well as anthropometric measurements. Regardless the methods used for assessing TBI patients, having adequate intake and medical care can lead to a reduction in hospital costs, numbers of day hospitalized, numbers of hours of mechanical ventilation and in the overall infection rates.
  Lubna Mahmood
  Eating disorders are conditions characterized by abnormal eating habits and behaviors which may involve excessive or insufficient intake along with the individual’s mental and physical health. Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa as well as binge eating are the major type of eating disorders. Parental influence has been shown to be a fundamental component in the development process of eating behaviors of children and adolescents, this effect is shaped by a variety of diverse factors including familial genetic predisposition, dietary choices which is dictated by ethnic preferences or cultural, the parents’ eating habits and their body shape. Social isolation has been noted to have a deleterious effect on individuals’ emotional and physical well-being. Eating disorders have been shown a higher rate of mortality among socially isolated individuals compared to those with well-established social relationships. Social isolation can be stressful, anxiety-provoking and depressing. These disorders must be treated as soon as possible to prevent more deteriorations, the treatment plan usually include the medial part along with dietary and psychiatry care. Diet is the most essential factor to work on in patients diagnosed with eating disorder, Initial meal plans may be low in calories, in order to build comfort in eating and then food amount can gradually be increased, food variety is important as well when establishing meal plans and foods that are higher in energy density, all these dietary management are needed with supplying different supplements to fulfill the requirements and replenish the decreased stores.
 
 
 
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