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Articles by Lopa Ghosh
Total Records ( 5 ) for Lopa Ghosh
  Lopa Ghosh and S. Adhikari
  The present investigation deals with the interaction between accumulation of waterborne lead, cadmium and chromium with different calcium concentration (1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 mM L-1) in Cirrhina mrigala fingerlings in the laboratory. There was no mortality occurred in metal alone and metal treated with calcium. At the beginning there was no significant differences observed between Pb, Cd and Cr alone and combination with calcium in muscle as well as whole body at lower calcium concentration, but with increasing exposure period marked differences were observed. In muscle tissue accumulations was very much lower compared to whole body and significantly lower below human consumption level. In binary mixtures of Pb, Cd and Cr with calcium, the calcium compound was found to consistently reduce the toxic effect as well as accumulation of Pb, Cd and Cr compounds. Increased Ca levels showed lower transfer of Pb, Cd and Cr from water to the gills which resulted slower transfer of metal from the gills to the blood indicated lower accumulation rates in muscle tissue compared to metal without Ca. An increase in calcium concentration of approximately 3 and 4 mM L-1 resulted in a 46 and 54% decrease of Pb uptake, 55 and 58% of Cd and 41 and 53% of Cr uptake in whole fish at 28 days exposure period. There is an inverse relationship between calcium concentration in the water and metal uptake in whole body, muscle as well as gills of the Cirrhina mrigala. Calcium has strong antagonistic effect on Pb, Cd and Cr accumulation and toxicity. Predicted and experimental values of Pb, Cd and Cr concentration in fish body treated with calcium verified in terms of root mean square percent deviation and correlation coefficient which exhibit fair agreement.
  Lopa Ghosh , G.N. Tiwari , Tribeni Das and Bikash Sarkar
  An analytical model is presented to study the effectiveness of a low cost arch shape greenhouse used for heating the fishpond during extreme winter. The model was solved for the climatic conditions of New Delhi (Latitude-28° 35/ N, Longitude-77° 12/ E and an altitude of 216 m above mean sea level). Parametric studies involved the effects of different greenhouse fishpond related parameters including depth of pond water, transmissivity of greenhouse cover and number of air changes in the greenhouse on water heating in the fishpond. The thermal performance of fishpond was assessed in terms of thermal load leveling. A 4.76-5.83°C rise in water temperature could be achieved as compared to open pond of the day. The maximum heat gain and loss are around 14:00 to 17:00 and 1:00 to 7:00 h of the day, respectively. From production point of view greenhouse fish pond showed better performance compared to open pond.
  Lopa Ghosh and G.N. Tiwari
  This study presents modeling of dissolved oxygen performance in a greenhouse fishpond. A short-term Disolved Oxygen (DO) fluctuation of a fishpond was developed by using various simple equations and continuous measurement of DO, temperature and solar intensity. Numerical computation has been performed for a typical winter day at the month of January, 2007. Components considered in the DO model include the production of DO by phytoplankton and consumption of oxygen by phytoplankton, fish, water column and sediment. Numerical equations were solved with Excel soft ware to predict DO in the pond. Initial slope (α) and Pmax were calculated from DO production Vs. solar radiation curve. The amount and distribution of oxygen production in the water column depend on solar intensity and penetration as well as phytoplankton concentration. A parametric study has been performed to represent the effects of pond depth, SDD, extinction coefficient, water temperature and fish yield changes on DO regimes in fish pond. Dissolved oxygen concentrations in the pond varied with both pond depth and SDD. By increasing the depth of the pond and of the SDD and maintaining phytoplankton chlorophyll-a concentration at 232 μg L-1, the overall oxygen production was increased. The low DO values in the shallow pond (0.5 m) with a high SDD (0.5 m) when compared to other ponds with SDD equal to their pond depths, was the result of low overall oxygen production relative to the demand by sediment and fish which were same for all depths of pond. Predicted and experimental DO concentrations exhibited fair agreement with correlation coefficient of R = 0.99 and root mean square percent deviation e = 3.73%. Such correlation between predicted and experimental data indicates that the assumption inherent in the computer model of the processes is valid for the DO production and consumption in the pond.
  Lopa Ghosh , S. Adhikari and S. Ayyappan
  The present investigation deals with the distributions of three heavy metals, lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and chromium (Cr) in sediment and their availability in tissues of Labeo rohita (Hamilton) fingerlings. This study showed that Cd was available in exchangeable and carbonate fractions of the sediment, where as Pb and Cr was mainly existed in organic and residual organic fractions. This study revealed that Pb and Cr were more in gill tissues, while Cd was mainly concentrated in viscera. Significant relationships (p<0.05) between metals in different chemical fractions (exchangeable, carbonate, Fe-Mn oxide, organic and residual) of sediment and metals in fish organs (Pb in all organs, Cd in muscle, skin and viscera and Cr in muscle and gill) were found.
  Lopa Ghosh , S. Adhikari and S. Ayyappan
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