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Articles by Lilis Khotijah
Total Records ( 3 ) for Lilis Khotijah
  Lilis Khotijah , Komang Gede Wiryawan , M. Agus Setiadi and Dewi Apri Astuti
  This research was conducted to evaluate reproductive performance, cholesterol, glucose and progesterone of Garut ewes fed rations containing different levels of sun flower oil. Using completely randomized design, four ration treatments were given to thirty two ewes (BW 22.12±1.69 kg) with eight animals for each treatment. Four iso-protein rations were used i.e., control (SFO0) without sun flower oil; SFO2, SFO4 and SFO6 were the same as SFO0 but containing 2, 4 and 6% of sun flower oil, respectively. Estrous synchronization was conducted by double injection of Prostaglandin (PGF2α) 11 days apart before mating. Reproductive performance (litter size, ratio of male to female, mortality), cholesterol and glucose plasma were measured two weeks before mating and at the first month of pregnancy. Progesterone serum concentration were measured on day 25th, 28th and 31st of pregnancy, using radioimmunoassay. Number of embryo was detected using Ultrasonograph detector at the day 18-20th after mating. Result showed that plasma cholesterol concentration of ewes fed control ration was lower than ewes fed rations containing sun flower oil, while glucose concentration two weeks before mating was lower than those at the first month of pregnancy. Progesterone concentration was the same in all treatments on day 25th, 28th and 31st of pregnancy. Pregnancy rate and number of embryo in SFO2 and SFO6 was 75% and lower than in SFO4 (100%). The highest litter size was in SFO4 (225%) similar to the number of embryo detected by USG, with the male to female ratio of 3:1. However, the percentage of embryo mortality was still high (>20%). It is concluded that inclusion of 4% sun flower oil in the ration could improve reproductive performance (litter size and male sex ratio) and cholesterol concentration.
  Sri Suharti , Lilis Khotijah , Afdola Riski Nasution , Dewi Ayu Warmadewi , I. Gusti Lanang Oka Cakra , Chairussyuhur Arman and Komang G Wiryawan
  Objective: This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of calcium soap-soybean oil on productive and reproductive performances as well as blood profile of Bali cattle. Materials and Methods: This study used 12 heads of Bali cattle with the average body weight of 230 kg at Sobangan Breeding Centre, Bali Province, Indonesia. There were 2 dietary treatments i.e., control (no supplementation of calcium soap-soybean oil) and control+calcium soap-soybean oil 5%. Control diet which consist of Napier grass and concentrate with ratio approximately 80:20 and all treatment diets were offered for 60 days. All cows were oestrous synchronised using PGF2α injections and continued with artificial insemination. Variable measured were feed intake, body weight gain, average daily gain, feed efficiency, service per conception, blood nutrient and haematology. Results: The results showed that the addition of calcium soap-soybean oil significantly increased (p<0.05) feed consumption of forage and concentrate, but slightly decreased body weight gain and feed efficiency compared to the control treatment. Moreover, the addition of calcium soap-soybean oil significantly (p<0.05) enhanced reproductive performance of Bali cows such as pregnancy rate and proportion of cattle with service per conception (S/C) = 1. However, the use of calcium soap-soybean oil did not affect blood metabolites and blood haematology except white blood cells and leucocyte differentiation such as neutrophil, lymphocytes and monocyte. Conclusion: The use of calcium soap-soybean oil has positive effect on reproductive performance without altering the health status of Bali cows.
  Yuli Retnani , Komang G. Wiryawan , Lilis Khotijah , Nisa Nurmilati Barkah , Ryza Agung Gustian and Idham Rachmat Dermawan
  Background and Objectives: Nigella sativa is the scientific name for black cumin or habbatussauda. Nigella sativa seeds contain oil commonly used for medicinal purposes to treat various diseases. Nigella sativa meal (NSM) is a by-product from the industry that extracts the oil. NSM contains a high protein content and can be used as a source of protein in the diet. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of using NSM as a feed on the growth performance, metabolite and blood profile and nutrient digestibility of lambs. Materials and Methods: This study used a randomized block design with 5 replicates of 3 treatments using 15 local Indonesian male lambs. The concentrations of NSM in the rations were 0, 10 and 20%, with a maintenance period of 56 days. The forage to concentrate ratio was 30:70. Results: The average daily weight gain and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) concentration of the experimental animals were significantly (p<0.05) higher for the diets that contained 10 and 20% NSM (T1 and T2) compared to those for all other treatment groups. Additionally, the use of NSM in the diet improved the digestibility of crude protein, nitrogen retention and nitrogen use efficiency, with the mean biological value of protein being higher for the diet that contained NSM T1 (99.51) and T2 (99.44) compared to that for the control treatment group T0 (98.09). Conclusion: When the concentration of NSM reaches 20% in lamb rations, it has the most effect on growth performance and nutrient efficiency without affecting the metabolite and blood profiles, which remain in the normal range.
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