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Articles by Li Xie
Total Records ( 2 ) for Li Xie
  Gang Luo , Li Xie , Zhonghai Zou , Qi Zhou and Jing-Yuan Wang
  Fermentative hydrogen production from cassava stillage was conducted to investigate the influences of temperature (37 °C, 60 °C, 70 °C) and initial pH (4-10) in batch experiments. Although the seed sludge was mesophilic anaerobic sludge, maximum hydrogen yield (53.8 ml H2/gVS) was obtained under thermophilic condition (60 °C), 53.5% and 198% higher than the values under mesophilic (37 °C) and extreme-thermophilic (70 °C) conditions respectively. The difference was mainly due to the different VFA and ethanol distributions. Higher hydrogen production corresponded with higher ratios of butyrate/acetate and butyrate/propionate. Similar hydrogen yields of 66.3 and 67.8 ml H2/gVS were obtained at initial pH 5 and 6 respectively under thermophilic condition. The total amount of VFA and ethanol increased from 3536 to 7899 mg/l with the increase of initial pH from 4 to 10. Initial pH 6 was considered as the optimal pH due to its 19% higher total VFA and ethanol concentration than that of pH 5. Homoacetogenesis and methonogenesis were very dependent on the initial pH and temperature even when the inoculum was heat-pretreated. Moreover, a difference between measured and theoretical hydrogen was observed in this study, which could be attributed to homoacetogenesis, methanogenesis and the degradation of protein.
  Jamie A. Lopez , Edwin P. Kwan , Li Xie , Yu He , David E. James and Herbert Y. Gaisano
  RalA is a small GTPase that is thought to facilitate exocytosis through its direct interaction with the mammalian exocyst complex. In this study, we report an essential role for RalA in regulated insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells. We employed lentiviral-mediated delivery of RalA short hairpin RNAs to deplete endogenous RalA protein in mouse pancreatic islets and INS-1 beta cells. Perifusion of mouse islets depleted of RalA protein exhibited inhibition of both first and second phases of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Consistently, INS-1 cells depleted of RalA caused a severe inhibition of depolarization-induced insulin exocytosis determined by membrane capacitance, including a reduction in the size of the ready-releasable pool of insulin granules and a reduction in the subsequent mobilization and exocytosis of the reserve pool of granules. Collectively, these data suggest that RalA is a critical component in biphasic insulin release from pancreatic beta cells.
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