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Articles by Li Cao
Total Records ( 2 ) for Li Cao
  Ruihua Zhao , Richou Han , Xuehong Qiu , Xun Yan , Li Cao and Xiuling Liu
  Enterobacter cloacae, one of the indigenous gut bacteria of the Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus), was genetically modified with a transposon Tn5 vector containing genes (tcdA1 and tcdB1) encoding orally insecticidal proteins from the entomopathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. laumondii TT01, a symbiont of the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, for termite control. In the laboratory, termites were fed filter paper inoculated with the recombinant bacteria. The chromosomal expression of the introduced genes showed that there were insecticidal activities against termite workers and soldiers challenged with the transformed bacteria. After termites were fed recombinant bacteria, the termite mortality was 3.3% at day 5, and it increased from 8.7% at day 9 to 93.3% at day 29. All the dead termites contained the recombinant bacteria in their guts. Transfer of the recombinant bacteria occurred between donor workers (initially fed recombinant bacteria) and recipient workers (not fed). More than 20% of the recipient termites ingested recombinant bacteria within 2 h, and 73.3% of them had ingested recombinant bacteria after 12 h. The method described here provides a useful alternative for sustainable control of the Formosan subterranean termite (C. formosanus) and other social insects, such as the imported red fire ant (Solenopsis invicta).
  Xiao-Hong Wu , Ye Liu , Lin Zhang , Fei Li , Fei Wang , Li Cao , Xiao-Jun Yang and Jun-Hu Yao
  This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of natural Vitamin E (Nat E Ac) level and duration of supplementation on growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality and α-tocopherol content as well as oxidation stability of plasma and breast meat (refrigerated at 4°C) of broilers. Cobb broilers (n = 315, 21 days old, female) were randomly assigned to 7 treatments (1 control and 6 experiment groups) with 5 replicates and 9 broilers per replicate. Control group was fed with basal diet (Nat E Ac:30 IU kg-1). For the experimental groups, a 2x3 factorial design was used with 2 Nat E Ac levels (Nat E Ac:60 and 120 mg kg-1) and 3 durations (7, 14 and 21 days prior to slaughter at 42 day). The broilers were in the finisher phase (22-42 days) during the treatment. Results showed that broilers fed with higher Nat E Ac levels or fed for a longer duration had significantly (p<0.05) increased percentage of breast and thigh meat, pH24h in breast, glutathione peroxidase in liver and α-tocopherol in plasma, liver and breast meat. Moreover, the broilers also exhibited notably (p<0.05) decreased drip loss and pH in breast meat as well as decreasing content of Malondialdehyde (MDA) in the plasma and breast meat refrigerated at 4°C for 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 days. There was a significant (p<0.05) interaction between Nat E Ac level and feeding duration that affected the level of MDA in breast meat refrigerated at 4°C for 0, 2, 6 and 8 days. Nat E Ac level, feeding duration and the interaction of these two factors did not markedly (p>0.05) influence growth performance, breast meat color, percentage of eviscerated carcass and abdominal fat, total superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities and antioxidation capacity in plasma. Higher Nat E Ac level or prolonged duration of feeding increased the percentages of breast and thigh meat, enhanced the water-holding capacity, the pH24h as well as α-tocopherol retention of breast meat and oxidative stability during refrigerated storage of breast meat thus enhancing the oxidative stability during refrigerated storage and improving breast meat quality.
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