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Articles by Lee Wen-Hui
Total Records ( 6 ) for Lee Wen-Hui
  HE Ying-ying , LIU Shu-bai , QIAN Jin-qiao , LEE Wen-hui and ZHANG Yun
  βγ-CAT is a naturally existing protein complex of non-lens βγ-crystallin and trefoil factor, purified from Bombina maxima skin secretions. In HUVECs, βγ-CAT can be rapidly endocytosed via intracellular vacuole formation and translocated to the nucleus to regulate cell fuction. In this paper, we found that it contains conserved Walker B motifs (IILYDEPS, residues 6-13) and Walker A motifs (GQSLSGKS, residues 96-103) in the βγ-CAT α-subunit sequence. βγ-CAT showed potential NTP-binding and weak GTPase/ATPase activities in vitro. Through Western blotting analysis, we found that the α- and β-subunits of βγ-CAT participated in a 150 kDa SDS-stable protein complex formation, which also contained positive ubiquitination signals in the βγ-CAT treated HUVEC. Furthermore,under confocal microscopy, the immunofluorescence signals of ubiquitin and βγ-CAT subunits were co-localized in the vacuoles that were distributed in the cytoplasm and nucleus. In addition, βγ-CAT could induce several tumor cell`s detachment and apoptosis, and selectively kill tumor cells. These findings provide a clue to understand the mechanism of βγ-CAT endocysis and nuclear transport, and give an insight to investigate the possible occurrence of similar molecule’s cellular functions and action mechanisms of non-lens βγ-crystallins and trefoil factors in mammals.
  Chen Xin-xin , Yu guo-yu , ZHAN Yan , Zhang Yun , Shen Ji-hong and Lee Wen-hui
 

OH-CATH is a novel cathelicidin identified from king cobra. It showed strong antibacterial activity against various bacteria in the presence of 1% NaCl and no haemolytic activity toward human red blood cells even at a high concentration. OH-CATH might serve as model molecules for the development of antimicrobial drugs. Understanding the action mechanism of OH-CATH and the reason for its selectivity against microbes is very important for this purpose. The bactericidal effect of the king cobra antimicrobial peptide OH-CATH on Gram-negative Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) is observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmitted electron microscopy (TEM). The SEM and TEM results suggested that the bactericidal mechanism of OH-CATH against Escherichia coli happened in three steps. Firstly, OH-CATH attached to the negatively charged bacterial wall by positively charged amino acid residues. In the second step, the accumulated OH-CATH aggregated and damaged the bacteria membrane in a pore-forming manner. In the last step, with the damage of cell permeability, the contents of the cells were released and eventually cells died.

  GAO Zhen-hua , ZHAO Hui , YU Guo-yu , ZHANG Yun , SHEN Ji-hong and LEE Wen-hui
 

SgI-29 is a newly characterized antibacterial peptide derived from human semenogelin I. Using SgI-29 as model, 4 peptides with different length were synthesized. Physico-chemical characteristics and structure prediction of SgI-29 and its derived peptides were analyzed by software packages and helix-wheel plot. The antibacterial activities of SgI-29 and its derived peptides against Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 were determined. The structure-function relationship of SgI-29 and its derivatives was analyzed. Our results indicated that SgI-22 has the strongest antibacterial activities against the tested bacteria among the synthetic peptides and might be used as a good model for the structure optimization.

  Yu guo-yu , ZHANG Yong , JIANG Ping , Lee Wen-Hui and Zhang Yun
  Bm-TFF2, an amphibian trefoil factor, which is isolated from skin secretions of frog Bombina maxima, has much stronger biological activities than human TFFs. In the present study, Bm-TFF2 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from its cDNA and cloned into Pichia pastoris expression vector pPIC9K containing AOX1 promoter and α-factor leader sequence. Multi-copies insertion transformants were screened on G418 plates. After the induction by 1% methanol for 72 hours, the expression of Bm-TFF2 came up to the best quantity which was about 50 mg in 1L medium, and 80% saturation ammonium sulfate was suitable to collect the Bm-TFF2 protein, as identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting assay. The results showed that the plasmid of Bm-TFF2-pPIC9K was constructed successfully and expressed abundantly in eukaryotic expression system, which lies basis for researching further the biological activities and the relationship of structure and functions of Bm-TFF2.
  Yu Guo-Yu , XIANG Yang , ZHANG Hong-Yun , JIANG Ping , Lee Wen-Hui , ZHANG Yun and ZHANG Yong
  Bm-TFF2, a trefoil factor from the large-webbed bell toad (Bombina maxima), can stimulate cell migration and inhibit cell apoptosis. To study the structure-function relationship of Bm-TFF2, we constructed wild-type and mutated Bm-TFF2 plasmids and expressed recombinant proteins in E. coli. The wild-type Bm-TFF2 gene encoding mature peptide was obtained by RT-PCR, while the N-terminal, C-terminal and two arginine mutated Bm-TFF2 clones were constructed, and ligated into pET-32a(+) expression vectors. The fusion proteins were induced by IPTG at 37°C. The mutant Bm-TFF2 fusion proteins expressed mainly in the inclusion bodies. The mutant (TRX)/Bm-TFF2 could be purified by using Ni2+-chelating chromatography and reverse-phase HPLC from the inclusion body supernatant. The fusion proteins were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. The yield of mutant Bm-TFF2 fusion proteins of above 95% purity was about 20 mg/L. All three recombinant mutant proteins can promote the migration of AGS cells in a dose-dependent manner with no obvious activity difference.
  LI Sheng-An , LEE Wen-Hui and ZHANG Yun
  Animal models are essential for the development of new anti-infectious drugs. Although some bacterial infection models have been established in rodents, small primate models are rare. Here, we report on two bacterial infection models established in tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis). A burnt skin infection model was induced by dropping 5x106 CFU of Staphylococcus aureus on the surface of a wound after a third degree burn. This dose of S. aureus caused persistent infection for 7 days and obvious inflammatory response was observed 4 days after inoculation. A Dacron graft infection model, 2x106 CFU of Pseudomonas aeruginosa also caused persistent infection for 6 days, with large amounts of pus observed 3 days after inoculation. These models were used to evaluate the efficacy of levofloxacin (LEV) and cefoperazone (CPZ), which reduced the viable bacteria in skin to 4log10 and 5log10 CFU/100 mg tissue, respectively. The number of bacteria in graft was significantly reduced by 4log10 CFU/mL treatment compared to the untreated group (P<0.05). These results suggest that two bacterial infection models were successfully established in tree shrew using P. aeruginosa and S. aureus. In addition, tree shrew was susceptible to P. aeruginosa and S. aureus, thus making it an ideal bacterial infection animal model for the evaluation of new antimicrobials.
 
 
 
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