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Articles by L. Zouloumis
Total Records ( 5 ) for L. Zouloumis
  C. Stavrianos , L. Zouloumis , E. Samara , D. Tatsis and A. Eliades
  When a child presents for examination particularly if there is any evidence of severe or repeated trauma involved, the history may alert the dentist to the possibility of a child abuse. Abuse may cause serious injury to the child and may even result in death. These behaviors are serious crimes, both as misdemeanors and felonies, punishable by arrest and imprisonment. Dentists should be aware that physical or sexual abuse may result in oral or dental injuries or conditions that sometimes can be confirmed by laboratory findings. When questions arise or when consultation is needed, a pediatric dentist or a dentist with formal training in forensic odontology can ensure appropriate testing, diagnosis and treatment. This case report aims to present a case of a physically abused child 12 years old. The examination revealed fracture of the left ocular area and as a result the adipose tissue all around the eyeball fall like a drop into the sinus. The CT scan of the facial skull was done so as to detect the consequences of the fracture. In conclusion, the ability to properly identify suspicious injuries to the head, face, mouth and neck of a child is imperative for dentists. Dentists are encouraged to be knowledgeable about such findings and their significance and to meticulously observe and document them.
  C. Stavrianos , E.M. Dietrich , L. Zouloumis and A. Kokkas
  The prevalence of elder abuse and neglect increases in the modern societies as a result of global and population aging. It may take different forms such as physical, verbal, emotional, sexual abuse, exploitation, neglect and abandonment. We present two cases of elder abuse. The first case is a male patient with dementia presenting periorbital and facial ecchymoses resulting from interfamilial violence. The second case is a female with facial injuries, bone fractures and severe brain injuries. Elder mistreatment remains even in the 21st century a well hidden issue. There are many factors that are featured as risk factors for elder abuse. Poverty and ageism are the two main risk factors according to the United Nations Report in 2002. In addition, risk factors are interdependent, rendering the problem of elder abuse complex. Its management requires its handling as a social problem. In this manner, dental and medical education should provide skills for the diagnosis of elder abuse as well as for the understanding of the complex interaction between injuries and illness in the elderly. These approaches need a cooperation of many professionals from different faculties that will be alert in order to detect cases of mistreatment that usually remain undetected. Conclusively, regardless of the strategies being chosen for the management of elder abuse and neglect, the aim should be the protection of the dignity and the rights of the elderly in order to provide healthy and active aging.
  C. Stavrianos , E.M. Dietrich , L. Zouloumis , C. Papadopoulos , P. Diamantopoulou and S. Moumtsakis
  Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a type of abuse that occurs between two people who are involved in a close relationship. Many times emotional abuse is the first sign followed by the others. This is a well-known phenomenon reported in psychology for abusive behaviour often leads to physical or sexual assaults.
  C. Stavrianos , L. Zouloumis , E.M. Dietrich , C. Papadopoulos , P. Diamantopoulou and S. Moumtsakis
  In this part (II) we present the variety of reasons concerning the appearance of IPV which in no case do they justify this brutal action. There are also several factors of IPV behind this brutal behavior. It is really important to stress that there is no excuse relating to the violent behavior of the abuser. Moreover, since the victims feel ready to share these abusive experiences with the authorities, the clinical doctors and dentists, it is a necessity for the doctor/dentist to be aware of all the indications leading to the conclusion that we have a case of IPV. Having a physical examination combined with the strange behavior of the suspected victim, one can find the truth behind the story of a potential accident and prevent any further brutal behavior connecting with the victim. In concluding it is important to examine cases of domestic violence, the victim’s profile, all the dangerous consequences relating to IPV as well as approaches to help dealing with this phenomenon.
  C. Stavrianos , L. Zouloumis , C. Papadopoulos , J. Emmanouil , N. Petalotis and P. Tsakmalis
  Forensic Odontology uses a variety of methods in identification of human remains. One of them is done by the use of facial mapping which involves the use of antemortem photographs and comparison with the postmortem skull. The current techniques are: morphological comparison, photoanthropometry or photogrammetry and photographic superimposition. Despite the fact that these techniques are complex and substain a variety of technical restrictions, they are widely approved and applied.
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