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Articles by L. Ma
Total Records ( 2 ) for L. Ma
  X Yu , Y Huang , Q Hu and L. Ma
 

Homocysteine is an intermediate in the sulfur amino acid metabolism. Recent studies suggested that there might be links between hyperhomocysteinemia and insulin resistance. In the present study, we investigated the effect of homocysteine on glucose metabolism. We demonstrated that the levels of insulin were significantly higher in mice with hyperhomocysteinemia than those in the normal mice after administration of glucose. The effect of insulin on glucose output was significantly blocked in the homocysteine-treated hepatocytes. In addition, the expression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene was elevated in the liver of mice with hyperhomocysteinemia and primary mouse hepatocytes treated with homocysteine. The action of homocysteine was suppressed by H89, a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor. Thus, hyperhomocysteinemia may be considered as a risk factor that contributes to the development of insulin resistance with respect to elevated glucose output and upregulation of PEPCK, probably via the PKA pathway. Our study provides a novel mechanistic explanation for the development of insulin resistance in hyperhomocysteinemia.

  M Murea , B. I Freedman , J. S Parks , P. A Antinozzi , S. C Elbein and L. Ma
 

Cellular toxicity mediated by lipids (lipotoxicity) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. Genetic analyses now implicate lipotoxicity in susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus-associated nephropathy (T2DN), a pathway that had previously been unexplored. A genome-wide association study in Japanese patients identified a single nucleotide polymorphism in the acetyl-CoA carboxylase β (ACACB) gene associated with T2DN. Replication analyses suggest that this same polymorphism may be a diabetic nephropathy risk allele in other ethnic groups. The ACACB gene (also called ACC2 or acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2) plays a critical role in intracellular fatty acid (FA) oxidation. This manuscript reviews the physiology of FA metabolism and adverse cellular effects that can result from dysregulation of this process. It is hypothesized that glomerular and tubular dysfunction can be induced by increases in intracellular FA concentrations, a process that may be enabled by genetic risk variants. This novel glucolipotoxicity hypothesis in T2DN warrants further investigation.

 
 
 
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