Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by L. Y. Y Chan
Total Records ( 1 ) for L. Y. Y Chan
  J Xiao , J. C. K Leung , L. Y. Y Chan , H Guo and K. N. Lai
 

Background. We have previously demonstrated a glomerulo-tubular ‘crosstalk’ operating in the pathogenesis of tubulointerstitial injury in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The present study aims to explore any possible beneficial effect of a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor- (PPAR-) agonist in alleviating the tubulointerstitial inflammation in IgAN.

Methods. Human proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC) were pre-treated with increasing concentration of a PPAR- agonist rosiglitazone or troglitazone (0–5 µM) followed by further incubation with the conditioned medium (IgA-HMC) collected from human mesangial cells (HMC) incubated with polymeric IgA isolated from IgAN patients. Gene expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (ATR1) was detected by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR); protein expression of IL-6 and ATR1 was determined by ELISA and western blot, respectively. The mitogen-activated protein kinase extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activation was examined by western blot.

Results. An IgA-HMC conditioned medium prepared from IgAN patients increased gene expression and protein synthesis of IL-6 and ATR1 in PTEC when compared with a conditioned medium prepared from healthy controls. The upregulated gene expression and protein synthesis of IL-6 and ATR1 in PTEC induced by the IgA-HMC conditioned medium were readily attenuated following pre-treatment with a PPAR- agonist, thiazolidinedione (TZD). The ATR1-downregulating effect exerted by the PPAR- agonist occurred through the inhibition of ERK1/2 activation. The PPAR- antagonist, GW9662, significantly attenuated the inhibitory action of rosiglitazone on the increased synthesis of IL-6 and ATR1 protein.

Conclusion. Our current findings suggest that the PPAR- agonist attenuates excessive inflammatory response in activated PTEC in IgAN through suppressing ATR1 expression. This ATR1-downregulating effect is likely through the inhibition of ERK1/2 activation and is found to be PPAR- dependent. TZDs may possibly be new therapeutic additives to established treatment regime for renin–angiotensin system (RAS) blockade in IgAN.

 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility