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Articles by L. J Mullins
Total Records ( 2 ) for L. J Mullins
  D. R Dunbar , H Khaled , L. C Evans , E. A. S Al Dujaili , L. J Mullins , J. J Mullins , C. J Kenyon and M. A. Bailey
 

We investigated the effects on urinary steroid and electrolyte excretion and renal gene expression of chronic infusions of ACTH in the mouse. ACTH caused a sustained increase in corticosteroid excretion; aldosterone excretion was only transiently elevated. There was an increase in the excretion of deoxycorticosterone, a weak mineralocorticoid, to levels of physiological significance. Nevertheless, we observed neither antinatriuresis nor kaliuresis in ACTH-treated mice, and plasma renin activity was not suppressed. We identified no changes in expression of mineralocorticoid target genes. Water turnover was increased in chronic ACTH-treated mice, as were hematocrit and hypertonicity: volume contraction is consistent with high levels of glucocorticoid. ACTH-treated mice exhibited other signs of glucocorticoid excess, such as enhanced weight gain and involution of the thymus. We identified novel ACTH-induced changes in 1) genes involved in vitamin D (Cyp27b1, Cyp24a1, Gc) and calcium (Sgk, Calb1, Trpv5) metabolism associated with calciuria and phosphaturia; 2) genes that would be predicted to desensitize the kidney to glucocorticoid action (Nr3c1, Hsd11b1, Fkbp5); and 3) genes encoding transporters of enzyme systems associated with xenobiotic metabolism and oxidative stress. Although there is evidence that ACTH-induced hypertension is a function of physiological cross talk between glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids, the present study suggests that the major changes in electrolyte and fluid homeostasis and renal function are attributable to glucocorticoids. The calcium and organic anion metabolism pathways that are affected by ACTH may explain some of the known adverse effects associated with glucocorticoid excess.

  X Liu , C. O. C Bellamy , M. A Bailey , L. J Mullins , D. R Dunbar , C. J Kenyon , G Brooker , S Kantachuvesiri , K Maratou , A Ashek , A. F Clark , S Fleming and J. J. Mullins
 

Severe forms of hypertension are characterized by high blood pressure combined with end organ damage. Through the development and refinement of a transgenic rat model of malignant hypertension incorporating the mouse renin gene, we previously identified a quantitative trait locus on chromosome 10, which affects malignant hypertension severity and morbidity. We next generated an inducible malignant hypertensive model where the timing, severity, and duration of hypertension was placed under the control of the researcher, allowing development of and recovery from end organ damage to be investigated. We have now generated novel consomic Lewis and Fischer rat strains with inducible hypertension and additional strains that are reciprocally congenic for the refined chromosome 10 quantitative trait locus. We have captured a modifier of end organ damage within the congenic region and, using a range of bioinformatic, biochemical and molecular biological techniques, have identified angiotensin-converting enzyme as the modifier of hypertension-induced tissue microvascular injury. Reciprocal differences between angiotensin-converting enzyme and the anti-inflammatory tetrapeptide, N-acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro in the kidney, a tissue susceptible to end organ damage, suggest a mechanism for the amelioration of hypertension-dependent damage.

 
 
 
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