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Articles by L Solis
Total Records ( 2 ) for L Solis
  H Kadara , L Lacroix , C Behrens , L Solis , X Gu , J. J Lee , E Tahara , D Lotan , W. K Hong , I. I Wistuba and R. Lotan
 

Lung cancer continues to be a major deadly malignancy. The mortality of this disease could be reduced by improving the ability to predict cancer patients' survival. We hypothesized that genes differentially expressed among cells constituting an in vitro human lung carcinogenesis model consisting of normal, immortalized, transformed, and tumorigenic bronchial epithelial cells are relevant to the clinical outcome of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Multidimensional scaling, microarray, and functional pathways analyses of the transcriptomes of the above cells were done and combined with integrative genomics to incorporate the microarray data with published NSCLC data sets. Up-regulated (n = 301) and down-regulated genes (n = 358) displayed expression level variation across the in vitro model with progressive changes in cancer-related molecular functions. A subset of these genes (n = 584) separated lung adenocarcinoma clinical samples (n = 361) into two clusters with significant survival differences. Six genes, UBE2C, TPX2, MCM2, MCM6, FEN1, and SFN, selected by functional array analysis, were also effective in prognosis. The mRNA and protein levels of one these genes—UBE2C—were significantly up-regulated in NSCLC tissue relative to normal lung and increased progressively in lung lesions. Moreover, stage I NSCLC patients with positive UBE2C expression exhibited significantly poorer overall and progression-free survival than patients with negative expression. Our studies with this in vitro model have lead to the identification of a robust six-gene signature, which may be valuable for predicting the survival of lung adenocarcinoma patients. Moreover, one of those genes, UBE2C, seems to be a powerful biomarker for NSCLC survival prediction.

  J. M Brannan , B Sen , B Saigal , L Prudkin , C Behrens , L Solis , W Dong , B. N Bekele , I Wistuba and F. M. Johnson
 

Overexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinase EphA2 occurs in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and a number of other human cancers. This overexpression correlates with a poor prognosis, smoking, and the presence of Kirsten rat sarcoma (K-Ras) mutations in NSCLC. In other cancers, EphA2 has been implicated in migration and metastasis. To determine if EphA2 can promote NSCLC progression, we examined the relationship of EphA2 with proliferation and migration in cell lines and with metastases in patient tumors. We also examined potential mechanisms involving AKT, Src, focal adhesion kinase, Rho guanosine triphosphatases (GTPase), and extracellular signal–regulated kinase (ERK)-1/2. Knockdown of EphA2 in NSCLC cell lines decreased proliferation (colony size) by 20% to 70% in four of five cell lines (P < 0. 04) and cell migration by 7% to 75% in five of six cell lines (P < 0. 03). ERK1/2 activation correlated with effects on proliferation, and inhibition of ERK1/2 activation also suppressed proliferation. In accordance with the in vitro data, high tumor expression of EphA2 was an independent prognostic factor in time to recurrence (P = 0.057) and time to metastases (P = 0.046) of NSCLC patients. We also examined EphA2 expression in the putative premalignant lung lesion, atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, and the noninvasive bronchioloalveolar component of adenocarcinoma because K-Ras mutations occur in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and are common in lung adenocarcinomas. Both preinvasive lesion types expressed EphA2, showing its expression in the early pathogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma. Our data suggest that EphA2 may be a promising target for treating and preventing NSCLC.

 
 
 
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