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Articles by L Salciccioli
Total Records ( 4 ) for L Salciccioli
  R Castillo , A Fields , G Qureshi , L Salciccioli , J Kassotis and J. M. Lazar
 

Prior studies have suggested an association between atherosclerosis and periodontal disease, both of which are more prevalent in certain minority and economically disadvantaged groups. Few studies have addressed the relationship between cardiovascular disease and dentition among ethnically diverse populations. We studied 131 subjects (60% females, age 59 ± 15 years) who were referred for clinically indicated transesophageal echocardiography. Dental loss was more severe in patients with hypertension (P < .001), diabetes (P = .05), coronary artery disease (P = .04), and calcium channel blocker use (P = .04). On univariate analysis, maximal aortic intima—media thickness (MAIMT) was significantly correlated with dental loss (r = .40; P < .001). Age was correlated with MAIMT (R = .41; P < .001) and with dental loss (r = .57; P < .001). On multivariate analysis, dental loss (P = .03) and history of coronary artery disease (P = .04) were independent predictors of MAIMT ( R2 = .44). In this inner-city predominantly African American population, atherosclerosis and dental loss are age dependent and are interrelated independent of age.

  H Kamran , L Salciccioli , Eun Hee Ko , H Kazmi , J Kassotis and J. Lazar
 

This pilot study assessed the effects of hyperemia on carotid-radial pulse wave velocity (PWV) in 39 normotensive (NT) and 23 hypertensive (HT) participants using applanation tonometry. Pulse wave velocity was measured at 1- and at 2-minute intervals. Baseline PWV was similar between the groups (P = .59). At 1 minute, PWV decreased (8.5 ± 1.2 to 7.1 ± 1.4 m/s, P < .001) in NT but not in HT (P = .83). Hyperemic PWV (PWV) response differed between the groups (-16% vs + 1.0%, P < .001). On multivariate analysis, HT, not age or blood pressure was independently related to PWV (R2 = .43, P < .01). Among patients with cardiovascular risk factors/disease, PWV was inversely related to flow-mediated dilation (FMD; R 2 = .43, P < .003). Conclusion: hyperemia decreases PWV1min in NT but not in HT. PWV is inversely related to FMD. Blunted hyperemic PWV response may represent impaired vasodilatory reserve.

  H Kamran , L Salciccioli , B Venkatesan , V Namana , P Kumar , S Pushilin , M Umer and J. Lazar
 

Carotid—radial pulse wave velocity (PWV) decreases in normal healthy individuals following hyperemia provoked by release of arterial cuff occlusion. To determine the effects of specific cardiovascular (CV) risk factors on the hyperemic PWV response, we measured PWV before and after brachial artery (BA) occlusion in 218 participants (66% males, age 56 ± 19 years), with and without CV risk factors/disease. PWV ranged from -46% to +35% and values were normally distributed. On univariate analyses, PWV correlated with age, hypertension (Htn), hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary disease, congestive heart failure (CHF), smoking, and mean arterial pressure (MAP). On multivariate analysis, PWV was independently related to Htn (B = 4.56, P = .03) and CHF (B = 7.34, P = .008) and trended toward a higher MAP (B = .113, P = .067), DM (B = 4.01, P = .11), and hypercholesterolemia (B = 3.36, P = .12). In conclusion, hyperemic changes in carotid—radial PWV values are independently related to Htn and CHF and possibly DM and hyperlipidemia.

  J Espinoza Derout , M Wagner , L Salciccioli , J. M Lazar , S Bhaduri , E Mascareno , B Chaqour and M.A.Q. Siddiqui
 

Emerging evidence illustrates the importance of the positive transcription elongation factor (P-TEF)b in control of global RNA synthesis, which constitutes a major feature of the compensatory response to diverse hypertrophic stimuli in cardiomyocytes. P-TEFb complex, composed of cyclin T and cdk9, is critical for elongation of nascent RNA chains via phosphorylation of the carboxyl-terminal domain of RNA polymerase (Pol) II. We and others have shown that the activity of P-TEFb is inhibited by its association with cardiac lineage protein (CLP)-1, the mouse homolog of human HEXIM1, in various physiological and pathological conditions. To investigate the mechanism of control of P-TEFb activity by CLP-1 in cardiac hypertrophy, we used a transgenic mouse model of hypertrophy caused by overexpression of calcineurin in the heart. We observed that the level of CLP-1 associated with P-TEFb was reduced markedly in hypertrophic hearts. We also generated bigenic mice (MHC–cyclin T1/CLP-1+/–) by crossing MHC–cyclin T1 transgenic mice with CLP-1 heterozygote. The bigenic mice exhibit enhanced susceptibility to hypertrophy that is accompanied with an increase in cdk9 activity via an increase in serine 2 phosphorylation of carboxyl-terminal domain and an increase in GLUT1/GLUT4 ratio. These mice have compensated systolic function without evidence of fibrosis and reduced lifespan. These data suggest that the reduced level of CLP-1 introduced in the background of elevated levels of cyclin T1 elevates derepression of P-TEFb activity and emphasizes the importance of the role of CLP-1 in the mechanism governing compensatory hypertrophy in cardiomyocytes.

 
 
 
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