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Articles by L Florens
Total Records ( 2 ) for L Florens
  V. M Weake , S. K Swanson , A Mushegian , L Florens , M. P Washburn , S. M Abmayr and J. L. Workman
 

The histone acetyltransferase complex SAGA is well characterized as a coactivator complex in yeast. In this study of Drosophila SAGA (dSAGA), we describe three novel components that include an ortholog of Spt20, a potential ortholog of Sgf73/ATXN7, and a novel histone fold protein, SAF6 (SAGA factor-like TAF6). SAF6, which binds directly to TAF9, functions analogously in dSAGA to TAF6/TAF6L in the yeast and human SAGA complexes, respectively. Moreover, TAF6 in flies is restricted to TFIID. Mutations in saf6 disrupt SAGA-regulated gene expression without disrupting acetylated or ubiquitinated histone levels. Thus, SAF6 is essential for SAGA coactivator function independent of the enzymatic activities of the complex.

  M Mohan , H. M Herz , Y. H Takahashi , C Lin , K. C Lai , Y Zhang , M. P Washburn , L Florens and A. Shilatifard
 

Epigenetic modifications of chromatin play an important role in the regulation of gene expression. KMT4/Dot1 is a conserved histone methyltransferase capable of methylating chromatin on Lys79 of histone H3 (H3K79). Here we report the identification of a multisubunit Dot1 complex (DotCom), which includes several of the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) partners in leukemia such as ENL, AF9/MLLT3, AF17/MLLT6, and AF10/MLLT10, as well as the known Wnt pathway modifiers TRRAP, Skp1, and β-catenin. We demonstrated that the human DotCom is indeed capable of trimethylating H3K79 and, given the association of β-catenin, Skp1, and TRRAP, we investigated, and found, a role for Dot1 in Wnt/Wingless signaling in an in vivo model system. Knockdown of Dot1 in Drosophila results in decreased expression of a subset of Wingless target genes. Furthermore, the loss of expression for the Drosophila homologs of the Dot1-associated proteins involved in the regulation of H3K79 shows a similar reduction in expression of these Wingless targets. From yeast to human, specific trimethylation of H3K79 by Dot1 requires the monoubiquitination of histone H2B by the Rad6/Bre1 complex. Here, we demonstrate that depletion of Bre1, the E3 ligase required for H2B monoubiquitination, leads specifically to reduced bulk H3K79 trimethylation levels and a reduction in expression of many Wingless targets. Overall, our study describes for the first time the components of DotCom and links the specific regulation of H3K79 trimethylation by Dot1 and its associated factors to the Wnt/Wingless signaling pathway.

 
 
 
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