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Articles by Khaireyah Kh. AL-Hamad
Total Records ( 3 ) for Khaireyah Kh. AL-Hamad
  Khaireyah Kh. AL-Hamad and A. R. Khan
  Kuwait is a major oil producing country and its economy directly depends on its export of crude and refined products. Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) is responsible for all exploration and production of crude oil in Kuwait. These activities result in the emission of gaseous pollutants to the atmosphere, particularly from the flaring of undesirable product and excess gases. For environmental and resource conservation reasons, KOC is required to minimize the amount of gas flared in order to control and reduce the emissions of major pollutants in the State of Kuwait and neighbors countries. In the present study the total emissions of primary pollutants associated from flaring activities from Kuwait oil field have been estimated. An inventory records the annual emissions of air pollutants: NOX, SO2, CO, CO2, Methane and non-methane, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC): resulting from oil production operations in the Kuwait Oil Fields. The emissions are generated from various point sources and aggregated to have total pollutants load of ambient air. Emissions of flaring pollutants are associated with all operations in Oil fields, Gathering Centers (GC), Boaster Stations (BS), Tank areas and other oil production related activities. The objective of this work was to obtain an accurate estimation of the total flare emission from oil production activities thereby aiding the effective planning of mitigation strategies to control and reduce the pollution from crude related operation.
  Khaireyah Kh. AL-Hamad , V. Nassehi and A.R. Khan
  Air pollution and its effects on the ecosystem has been a source of concern for many environmental pollution organizations in the world. In particular climatologists who are not directly involved in petroleum industry sometimes express concerns about the environmental impacts of gas emissions from flaring at well heads. For environmental and resource conservation reasons, flaring should always be minimized as much as practicable and consistent with safety considerations. However, any level of flaring has a local environmental impact, as well as producing emissions which have the potential to contribute to the global warming. In the present research the Industrial Source Complex (ISCST3) Dispersion Model is used to calculate the ground level concentrations of two selected primary pollutants (i.e. methane and non-methane hydrocarbons) emitted due to flaring in all of Kuwait Oilfields. In additional, the performance of the ISCST3 model is assessed, by comparing the model prediction with the observed concentration of methane and non-methane hydrocarbons obtained from the monitoring sites. The described model evaluation is based on the comparison of 50 highest daily measured and predicted concentrations of methane and non-methane hydrocarbons. The overall conclusion of this comparison is that the model predictions are in good agreement with the observed data (accuracy range of 60-95%) from the monitoring stations maintained by the Kuwait Environmental Public Authority (EPA). A specific important conclusion of this study is that, there is a need for a proper emission inventory strategy for Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) as means of monitoring and minimizing the impact of methane and non-methane hydrocarbons released because of flaring activities.
  Khaireyah Kh. AL-Hamad , V. Nassehi and A.R. Khan
  Air pollution and its effects on the ecosystem has been a source of concern for many environmental pollution organizations in the world. In particular climatologists who are not directly involved in petroleum industry sometimes express concerns about the environmental impacts of gaseous emissions from flaring at various despised points. For environmental and resource conservation reasons, flaring should always be minimized as much as practicable and be consistent with safety considerations. However, any level of flaring has a local environmental impact, as well as producing emissions which have the potential to contribute to the global warming. In this study the Industrial Source Complex (ISCST3) Dispersion Model is used to calculate the ground level concentrations of two selected primary pollutants (i.e. methane and non-methane hydrocarbons) emitted from flaring activities at oil production facilities at North Kuwait. Model validation is based on the comparison of the 50 highest daily measured values and their respective predicted concentrations of methane and non-methane hydrocarbons. At discrete receptors, it is noticed that the predicted values are in good agreement with the observed data (accuracy range of 60-90%) from the monitoring stations maintained by the Kuwait Environmental Public Authority (EPA). The predicted results are based on emission inventories. Therefore, accurate emission inventory strategy for Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) as means of monitoring and minimizing the impact of methane and non-methane hydrocarbons emissions is of prime importance.
 
 
 
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